granulated blast furnace slag
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2022 ◽  
Vol 122 ◽  
pp. 104369
Ludovic André ◽  
Céline Bacquié ◽  
Gianluca Comin ◽  
Romain Ploton ◽  
Diane Achard ◽  

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 306
Fatheali A. Shilar ◽  
Sharanabasava V. Ganachari ◽  
Veerabhadragouda B. Patil ◽  
Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar ◽  
Abdel-Haleem Abdel-Aty ◽  

Industrial waste such as Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag (GGBS) and Granite Waste Powder (GWP) is available in huge quantities in several states of India. These ingredients have no recognized application and are usually shed in landfills. This process and these materials are sources of severe environmental pollution. This industrial waste has been utilized as a binder for geopolymers, which is our primary focus. This paper presents the investigation of the optimum percentage of granite waste powder as a binder, specifically, the effect of molar and alkaline to binder (A/B) ratio on the mechanical properties of geopolymer concrete (GPC). Additionally, this study involves the use of admixture SP-340 for better performance of workability. Current work focuses on investigating the effect of a change in molarity that results in strength development in geopolymer concrete. The limits for the present work were: GGBS partially replaced by GWP up to 30%; molar ranging from 12 to 18 with the interval of 2 M; and A/B ratio of 0.30. For 16 M of GPC, a maximum slump was observed for GWP with 60 mm compared to other molar concentration. For 16 M of GPC, a maximum compressive strength (CS) was observed for GWP with 20%, of 33.95 MPa. For 16 M of GPC, a maximum STS was observed for GWP, with 20%, of 3.15 MPa. For 16 M of GPC, a maximum FS was observed for GWP, with 20%, of 4.79 MPa. Geopolymer concrete has better strength properties than conventional concrete. GPC is $13.70 costlier than conventional concrete per cubic meter.

2022 ◽  
Vol 69 (1) ◽  
Lamiaa M. Omer ◽  
Mohamed S. Gomaa ◽  
Waleed H. Sufe ◽  
Alaa A. Elsayed ◽  
Hany A. Elghazaly

AbstractThe durability of reinforced concrete (RC) pipes depends upon the corrosion resistance of the reinforcing steel and the resistance of concrete mixes against an aggressive environment. This research paper aims to compare the performance of R.C. pipes made of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete mixtures with others made of two different geopolymer concrete mixes based on different ratios of granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS), fly ash (FA), and pulverized red brick (RB) subjected to three different environments, ambient, tap water (TW), and an aggressive environment, and a solution of 10% magnesium sulfates + 5% chloride (MS-CL). An accelerated corrosion setup has been applied to accelerate the corrosion process in the tested samples. The evaluation of change of compressive strength of concrete and microstructure of different mixes was investigated too. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been studied on all pipes. Geopolymer concrete mixes based on 90% GBFS and 10% RB show better results in all cases. Geopolymer concrete mixes based on 63% GBFS, 27% FA, and 10% RB increase the concrete compressive strength in the magnesium sulfate and chloride environment by 5% compared to tap water. It can be concluded that the geopolymer concrete mixes produced of 90% GBFS and 10% RB perform well under all environments, and its microstructure shows stable behavior in an aggressive environment.

Catherine Campbell ◽  
Gareth Jackson ◽  
Mohammed Sonebi ◽  
Su Taylor

The aim of this paper is to investigate two different concrete mixes, one with Limestone Powder (LSP) and the other with Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag (GGBS), both mixes containing superplasticizer, in order to analyse their compressive strengths at 7 and 28 days, their abrasion resistance and slip resistance. The two mixes are treated with two different surface protection finishers, applied on the surface after the concrete has cured and analysis of how these finishers affect the abrasion resistance and slip resistance of the concrete is discussed.

Abdelrahman Mohamad ◽  
Fouzia Khadraoui ◽  
Nassim Sebaibi ◽  
Mohamed Boutouil ◽  
Daniel Chateigner

The necessity to build energy-efficient and low environmental impact buildings favors the development of biobased light-weight materials as hemp-foam concretes. In this context, experimental protocols were developed to study the effects of hemp shiv and the production methods on the water sensitivity of bio-based foamed concrete (BBFC). Foam concrete incorporates several materials and compounds: cement, protein-based foaming agent, ground granulated blast–furnace slag, metakaolin as a binder, and hemp shiv as bio-based aggregates. The study investigated first the effect of the incorporation of hemp shiv (from 0 to 15 vol%) and then the elaboration method, comparing direct method versus preformed method on the resulting physical properties, the isotherms sorption-desorption and the capillary water absorption of hemp-foam concretes. We observe an increasing porosity of the concrete with hemp shives content. Additionally, hemp shives increase the adsorption and the capillary absorption of water. Moreover, the preformed method produces concretes more sensitive to water than the direct methods since it increases its porosities.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 375
Syafiadi Rizki Abdila ◽  
Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah ◽  
Romisuhani Ahmad ◽  
Dumitru Doru Burduhos Nergis ◽  
Shayfull Zamree Abd Rahim ◽  

Geopolymers, or also known as alkali-activated binders, have recently emerged as a viable alternative to conventional binders (cement) for soil stabilization. Geopolymers employ alkaline activation of industrial waste to create cementitious products inside treated soils, increasing the clayey soils’ mechanical and physical qualities. This paper aims to review the utilization of fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS)-based geopolymers for soil stabilization by enhancing strength. Previous research only used one type of precursor: fly ash or GGBFS, but the strength value obtained did not meet the ASTM D 4609 (<0.8 Mpa) standard required for soil-stabilizing criteria of road construction applications. This current research focused on the combination of two types of precursors, which are fly ash and GGBFS. The findings of an unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test on stabilized soil samples were discussed. Finally, the paper concludes that GGBFS and fly-ash-based geo-polymers for soil stabilization techniques can be successfully used as a binder for soil stabilization. However, additional research is required to meet the requirement of ASTM D 4609 standard in road construction applications, particularly in subgrade layers.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 321-332
A. Kumar Suresh ◽  
M. Muthukannan ◽  
R. Kanniga Devi ◽  
K. Kumar Arun ◽  
Ganesh A. Chithambar

This study aims to analyze the use of Incinerated Bio-Medical Waste Ash (IBWA) in reinforced concrete structural member with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) as an alternate building ingredient instead of cement. Biomedical waste was produced from various medical resources such as hospitals, medical institutes and research centres. GGBS is the waste generated from the steel plant. The climate is now being affected by the release of CO2 (global warming) from the Portland cement industries. Therefore, greater attention must be paid to study efforts to use geopolymer concrete. Geopolymer is a novel inorganic eco-friendly binding agent derived from an alkaline solution that stimulates aluminosilicate source material (GGBS, Rice Husk Ash, Quartz Powder, metakaolin, fly ash and Silica Fume). In this research, laboratory tests for Reinforced Geopolymer Concrete (RGPC) beams (deflection, ductility factor, flexural strength and toughness index) and columns (load-carrying ability, stress-strain behaviour and load-deflection behaviour) were conducted for three types of proportions using [30% IBWA – 70% GGBS Geopolymer concrete, GGBS Geopolymer concrete and Reinforced Cement Concrete. The experimental findings revealed that the performance of reinforced 30% IBWA – 70% GGBS geo-polymer beams and columns worked more effectively than reinforced cement concrete beams and columns.

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