citrus fruit
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 372 ◽  
pp. 131320
Paco Romero ◽  
María Teresa Lafuente

2022 ◽  
Vol 185 ◽  
pp. 111771
Hongbin Yang ◽  
Yunqian Zou ◽  
Xin Li ◽  
Mingfei Zhang ◽  
Zhifeng Zhu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
pp. 100583
Douaa Salim ◽  
Pascale de Caro ◽  
Xavier Chasseray ◽  
Alain Shum Cheong Sing

2022 ◽  
Vol 101 ◽  
pp. 103888
Shupei Wang ◽  
Hongyan Zhang ◽  
Teng Qi ◽  
Lili Deng ◽  
Lanhua Yi ◽  

LWT ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 155 ◽  
pp. 112922
Zhirong Wang ◽  
Tao Zhong ◽  
Xuhui Chen ◽  
Xuwen Xiang ◽  
Muying Du ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 80
Yongmei Li ◽  
Mengyuan Xia ◽  
Pengbo He ◽  
Qiaoming Yang ◽  
Yixin Wu ◽  

Citrus is among the most important plants in the fruit industry severely infected with pathogens. Citrus green mold caused by Penicillium digitatum is one of the most devastating diseases during post-harvest stages of citrus fruit. In this study, a potential endophyte Bacillus subtilis L1-21, isolated from healthy citrus plants, was assessed for its biocontrol activity against the pathogen P. digitatum. Based on an in vitro crosstalk assay, we suggested that B. subtilis L1-21 inhibits the pathogen with an inhibition zone of 3.51 ± 0.08 cm. Biocontrol efficacy was highest for the fermented culture filtrate of B. subtilis L1-21. Additionally, using GC-MS analysis, 13 compounds were detected in the extract of this endophyte. The culture filtrate in Landy medium could enlarge and deform pathogen spores and prevent them from developing into normal mycelium. Accordingly, the Landy culture filtrate of B. subtilis L1-21 was stable in the temperature range of 4–90 °C and pH of 3–11. Further, MALDI-TOF-MS for B. subtilis L1-21 detected surfactin, fengycin, bacillaene and bacilysin as potential antifungal compounds. GFP-tagged B. subtilis L1-21 easily colonized in citrus fruit peel and pulp, suggesting its role in eliminating the fungal pathogen. Altogether, it is highly expected that the production of antifungal compounds, and the colonization potential of B. subtilis L1-21 are required against the post-harvest P. digitatum pathogen on citrus fruit.

2022 ◽  
Prasanth Tej Kumar Jagannadham ◽  
Thirugnanavel Anbalagan ◽  
Devendra Y Upadhyay ◽  
Snehal A. Kamde ◽  
Prafulla R. Jalamkar ◽  

Sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) is an important commercial citrus fruit crop, cultivated in India and across the world. In India most of the cultivated sweet orange species were introduced varieties. In this study, we used two molecular markers, SSR and InDels, to understand the genetic diversity and population structure of seventy-two sweet orange genotypes. Genetic parameters consisted of a total number of alleles, a number of polymorphic alleles (effective alleles); genetic diversity (G.D.), expected heterozygosity (He), and the polymorphic information content (PIC) were calculated based on molecular data. Two dendrograms were constructed based on the InDels and SSR. In both the cases, they formed three major clusters showing various degrees of variations with respect to members of the clusters. Population structure analysis revealed the presence of two distinct subpopulations. Therefore, in order to address various challenges and develop sweet orange varieties with desirable traits, there is a need to broaden the genetic base of sweet orange through the intensive collection in the northeastern region. These results of intraspecific genetic variability of the collections will dictate the path for the sweet orange breeding and conservation programs in India.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Wenjun Wang ◽  
Ting Li ◽  
Qi Chen ◽  
Shixiang Yao ◽  
Lili Deng ◽  

WRKY transcription factors (TFs) play crucial roles in the regulation of biotic stress. Citrus is the most productive fruit in the world. It is of great value to investigate the regulatory molecular mechanism of WRKYs in improving disease resistance. In this research, the transcription level of CsWRKY25 was upregulated in P. digitatum infected citrus peel, and CsWRKY25 activated the expression of three target genes (RbohB, RbohD, and PR10). Besides, the Agrobacterium-mediated transient overexpression of CsWRKY25 has also been shown to enhance resistance to P. digitatum in citrus, and caused the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and lignin. The accumulation of ROS also activated the antioxidant system, the catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes were significant upregulated, leading to activation of antioxidant enzymes. In addition, the up-regulated expression of MPK5 and MPK6 genes suggested that the regulatory role of CsWRKY25 might be related to the phosphorylation process. In conclusion, CsWRKY25 could enhance the resistance to P. digitatum via modulating ROS production and PR genes in citrus peel.

Horticulturae ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 61
Niaz Ahmad ◽  
Sajjad Hussain ◽  
Muhammad Arif Ali ◽  
Asif Minhas ◽  
Waqar Waheed ◽  

Soil with low fertility is a big problem for achieving citrus productivity. In this regard, the management of macro and micronutrients is essential. Macro and micronutrient deficiency decreased the yield and the quality of citrus fruit. It is the need of the hour to classify the soil fertility status under changing climatic scenarios. The current soil fertility survey was conducted to examine the macro and micronutrient status in the citrus production area. In soil, three depths (0–15, 15–30, and 30–45 cm) were taken for sampling. For leaves, 4–6-months-old non-bearing twigs were sampled from 20 trees per orchard at breast height. Results showed that soil pH (7.1–8.4) was slightly alkaline, electrical conductivity (EC) was non-saline (<4 dSm−1), soil organic matter (SOM) was deficient (<0.86%), and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) was slight calcareous (<8%), at 0–15, 15–30, and 30–45 cm depths. The majority of soil samples were low in nitrogen (N) contents at all depths, i.e., (<0.043) 0–15 (85%), 15–30 (97%), and 30–45 (100%) cm depths. Phosphorus (P) was medium (7–15 mg kg−1) at 0–15 cm (60%) but low (<7 mg kg−1) at 15–30 (63%) and 30–45 cm (82%) depths. Potassium (K) was medium (80–180 mg kg−1) at 0–15 (69%), 15–30 (69%), and 30–45 cm (10%) depths. Boron (B) and manganese (Mn) were medium, and Cu was high in 0.15 cm, but all were low at 15–30 and 30–45 cm depths. Iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) were low at depths of 0–15, 15–30, and 30–45 cm. Most citrus leaves were deficient in N (94%), Fe (76%), Zn (67%), and B (67%). In conclusion, soil fertilization is not sufficient for optimum citrus yield because of alkaline pH and slight calcareous soil conditions in this region. Foliar application of nutrients is suggested instead of only soil fertilization, for better nutrient management in citrus orchards.

B. Notarnicola ◽  
G. Tassielli ◽  
P. A. Renzulli ◽  
R. Di Capua ◽  
G. Saija ◽  

Abstract Purpose For the development of any life cycle assessment study, the practitioner frequently integrates primary data collected on-field, with background data taken from various life cycle inventory databases which are part of most commercial LCA software packages. However, such data is often not generally applicable to all product systems since, especially concerning the agri-food sector, available datasets may not be fully representative of the site specificity of the food product under examination. In this context, the present work investigates the background, sources and methodological aspects that characterise the most known commercial databases containing agri-food data, with a focus on four agri-food supply chains (olive oil, wine, wheat products and citrus fruit), which represent an important asset for the Italian food sector. Methods Specifically, the paper entails a review of currently available LCI databases and their datasets with a twofold scope: firstly, to understand how agri-food data is modelled in these databases for a coherent and consistent representation of regional scenarios and to verify whether they are also suitable for the Italian context and, secondly, to identify and analyse useful and relevant methodological approaches implemented in the existing LCI databases when regional data are modelled. Results Based on the aforementioned review, it is possible to highlight some problems which may arise when developing an LCI pertaining to the four Italian agri-food supply chains, namely: 1. The need for specific inventory datasets to tackle the specificities of agri-food product systems. 2. The lack of datasets, within the existing DBs, related to the Italian context and to the abovementioned supply chains. In fact, at present, in the currently available LCI DBs, there are very few (or in some cases none) datasets related to Italian wine, olive oil, wheat-based products and citrus fruit. The few available datasets often contain some data related to the Italian context but also approximate data with that of product systems representing other countries. Furthermore, the present study allowed to identify and discuss the main aspects to be used as starting elements for modelling regional data to be included in a future Italian LCI database of the abovementioned four supply chains. Conclusions The results of the present study represent a starting point for the collection of data and its organisation, in order to develop an Italian LCI agri-food database with datasets which are representative of the regional specificities of four agri-food supply chains which play an important role in the Italian economy.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document