prenatal testing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 372
Thomas Harasim ◽  
Teresa Neuhann ◽  
Anne Behnecke ◽  
Miriam Stampfer ◽  
Elke Holinski-Feder ◽  

Objective: Amniocentesis, chorionic villi sampling and first trimester combined testing are able to screen for common trisomies 13, 18, and 21 and other atypical chromosomal anomalies (ACA). The most frequent atypical aberrations reported are rare autosomal aneuploidies (RAA) and copy number variations (CNV), which are deletions or duplications of various sizes. We evaluated the clinical outcome of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) results positive for RAA and large CNVs to determine the clinical significance of these abnormal results. Methods: Genome-wide NIPT was performed on 3664 eligible patient samples at a single genetics center. For patients with positive NIPT reports, the prescribing physician was asked retrospectively to provide clinical follow-up information using a standardized questionnaire. Results: RAAs and CNVs (>7 Mb) were detected in 0.5%, and 0.2% of tested cases, respectively. Follow up on pregnancies with an NIPT-positive result for RAA revealed signs of placental insufficiency or intra-uterine death in 50% of the cases and normal outcome at the time of birth in the other 50% of cases. We showed that CNV testing by NIPT allows for the detection of unbalanced translocations and relevant maternal health conditions. Conclusion: NIPT for aneuploidies of all autosomes and large CNVs of at least 7 Mb has a low “non-reportable”-rate (<0.2%) and allows the detection of additional conditions of clinical significance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Jun Cao ◽  
Longwei Qiao ◽  
Jieyu Jin ◽  
Sheng Zhang ◽  
Ping Chen ◽  

Objective: To assess the association between lipid metabolism and fetal fraction, which is a critical factor in ensuring a highly accurate non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), and on the rate of screen failures or “no calls” in NIPT.Methods: A total of 4,514 pregnant women at 12–26 weeks of gestation underwent NIPT sequencing and serum lipid measurements. Univariate analysis and multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the associations of serum lipid concentrations with the fetal fraction and the rate of screen failures.Results: The fetal fraction decreased with increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) levels, which were significant factors (standardized coefficient: −0.11). Conversely, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the interval between the two tests were positively correlated with the fetal fraction. The median fetal fraction was 10.88% (interquartile range, 8.28–13.89%) and this decreased with TG from 11.56% at ≤1.10 mmol/L to 9.51% at &gt;2.30 mmol/L. Meanwhile, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that increased TG levels were independently associated with the risk of screen failures. The rate of screen failures showed an increase with TG levels from 1.20% at ≤1.70 mmol/L to 2.41% at &gt;2.30 mmol/L.Conclusions: The fetal fraction and the rate of screen failures in NIPT are affected by TG levels. Meanwhile, in pregnant women with high TG levels, delaying the time between NIPT blood collections can significantly increase the fetal fraction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Weigang Lv ◽  
Lili Liang ◽  
Xin Chen ◽  
Zhuo Li ◽  
Desheng Liang ◽  

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for monogenic disorders has been developed in recent years; however, there are still significant technical and analytical challenges for clinical use. The clinical feasibility of NIPT for methylmalonic acidemia cblC type (cblC type MMA) was investigated using our circulating single-molecule amplification and re-sequencing technology (cSMART). Trios molecular diagnosis was performed in 29 cblC type MMA-affected children and their parents by traditional Sanger sequencing. In the second pregnancy, invasive prenatal diagnosis (IPD) of the pathogenic MMACHC gene was used to determine fetal genotypes, and NIPT was performed using a novel MMACHC gene–specific cSMART assay. Maternal–fetal genotypes were deduced based on the mutation ratio in maternal plasma DNA. Concordance of fetal genotypes between IPD and NIPT, and the sensitivity and specificity of NIPT were determined. After removing two cases with a low P value or reads, the concordance ratio for NIPT and IPD was 100.00% (27/27), and the sensitivity and specificity were 100.00% (54.07–100.00%) and 100.00% (83.89–100.00%), respectively. This study demonstrates that NIPT using the cSMART assay for cblC type MMA was accurate in detecting fetal genotypes. cSMART has a potential clinical application as a prenatal diagnosis and screening tool for carrier and low-risk genotypes of cblC type MMA and other monogenic diseases.

The Analyst ◽  
2022 ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Shuting Zhao ◽  
Hao Wan ◽  
Ying Liu ◽  
Fei Zhang ◽  

Correction for ‘High-resolution DNA size enrichment using a magnetic nano-platform and application in non-invasive prenatal testing’ by Bo Zhang et al., Analyst, 2020, 145, 5733–5739, DOI: 10.1039/D0AN00813C.

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