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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 306-309
Sulayman el Mathari ◽  
Teun van der Bom ◽  
Berto Bouma ◽  
Antoine Driessen ◽  
Jolanda Kluin

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-04
Yasser Mohammed Hassanain Elsayed

Rationale: The term “fragmentation of the QRS complex” denotes the existence of high-frequency potentials (spikes) in the QRS-complex. It is either a marker for cardiac structural diseases inducing biventricular hypertrophy or any condition interfering with the normally homogeneous depolarization status inside the myocardium. An associated right ventricular infarction with inferior infarction maybe carry a risk impact and serious complications. Patient concerns: A 64-year-old married, farmer, heavy smoker, Egyptian male patient presented with acute severe chest pain and inferior with right ventricular ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and fragmentation of the QRS complex. Diagnosis: QRS-complex fragmentations and right ventricular infarction in the presence of inferior infarction with the triple-vessels disease. Interventions: Electrocardiography, oxygenation, streptokinase intravenous infusion, echocardiography, and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Outcomes: Dramatic response of acute inferior with right ventricular ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and QRS-complex fragmentations to streptokinase. Lessons: Despite the presence of inferior and right ventricular ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with QRS-complex fragmentations, but there is no correlation with the severity of the disease. Dramatic clinical and electrocardiographic response signifying the role of streptokinase and fibrinolytic. The presence of fragmentation of the QRS-complex may have a bidirectional impact from seriousness to complications.

2022 ◽  
Alexey N. Sumin ◽  
Nina S. Gomozova ◽  
Anna V. Shcheglova ◽  
Oleg G. Arkhipov

Abstract Objective of this study was to compare right ventricular echocardiography parameters in urbanized hypertensive patients of the Shor and non-indigenous ethnic groups in the Mountain Shoria region. Methods The study included patients with arterial hypertension: 58 Shors and 50 non-indigenous urbanized residents, comparable in age, and divided by ethnicity and gender into 4 groups: Shors men (n = 20), Shors women (n = 38), non-indigenous men (n = 15) and non-indigenous women (n = 35). All underwent echocardiographic examination, and the right heart parameters were studied. Results Shor men with arterial hypertension had the lowest values ​​of the pulmonary artery index, the right atrium dimensions, and the highest values ​​of the blood flow velocity in the right ventricle, et' and st' in comparison with non-indigenous men. Shor women have the lowest values Et and Et/At ratios. RV diastolic dysfunction was detected mainly in women, somewhat more often in Shors. Ethnicity was one of the factors associated with the right ventricular diastolic dysfunction presence. Among the factors associated with the RV diastolic dysfunction were risk factors (smoking, obesity), blood pressure, gender, ethnicity, and left ventricular parameters (diastolic dysfunction and the myocardial mass increase). Conclusion Our study established the influence of ethnic differences on the right heart echocardiographic parameters in Shors and Caucasians with arterial hypertension. The revealed differences should improve the assessment of the right heart structure and function in patients with arterial hypertension from small ethnic groups, which will help to improve the diagnosis and treatment of such patients.

Biology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 118
Maria Laggner ◽  
Philipp Hacker ◽  
Felicitas Oberndorfer ◽  
Jonas Bauer ◽  
Thomas Raunegger ◽  

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by increased pulmonary arterial pressure caused by the accumulation of mesenchymal-like cells in the pulmonary vasculature. PH can lead to right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and, ultimately, heart failure and death. In PH etiology, endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) has emerged as a critical process governing the conversion of endothelial cells into mesenchymal cells, and S100A4, EGF, and EGFR are implicated in EndMT. However, a potential role of S100A4, EGF, and EGFR in PH has to date not been elucidated. We therefore quantified S100A4, EGF, and EGFR in patients suffering from chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH). To determine specificity for unilateral heart disease, the EndMT biomarker signature was further compared between PH patients presenting with RVH and patients suffering from aortic valve stenosis (AVS) with left ventricular hypertrophy. Reduced S100A4 concentrations were found in CTEPH and iPAH patients with RVH. Systemic EGF was increased in CTEPH but not in iPAH, while AVS patients displayed slightly diminished EGF levels. EGFR was downregulated in all patient groups when compared to healthy controls. Longitudinal data analysis revealed no effect of surgical therapies on EndMT markers. Pulmonary thrombo-endarterectomized samples were devoid of S100A4, while S100A4 tissue expression positively correlated with higher grades of Heath–Edwards histopathological lesions of iPAH-derived lung tissue. Histologically, EGFR was not detectable in CTEPH lungs or in iPAH lesions. Together, our data suggest an intricate role for S100A4 and EGF/EGFR in PH with right heart pathology.

2022 ◽  
Kaixun Zhao ◽  
Ziyang Yang ◽  
Yin Zhou ◽  
Nanshan Xie ◽  
Disheng Lai ◽  

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the factors affecting the pregnancy outcome of patients with pulmonary hypertension, and to design a digital model predicting the pregnancy outcome of patients and judge whether patients have the conditions to continue pregnancy. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with pregnancy complicated with pulmonary hypertension hospitalized in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The severity of pulmonary hypertension, the structural and functional indexes measured by echocardiography were compared, and the effects on maternal and neonatal outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 158 patients met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results showed that tricuspid regurgitation velocity (P<0.001), right ventricular diameter (P<0.05), right atrial diameter (P<0.05), pulmonary artery diameter (P<0.001) and cardiac function classification (P<0.001) were risk factors for maternal outcomes; Tricuspid regurgitation velocity (P<0.001) and structural changes of right heart were risk factors for neonatal outcomes. By multivariate logistic regression analysis, tricuspid regurgitation velocity (P<0.001), cardiac function (P<0.05) and superior inferior diameter of right atrium (P<0.05) were significant risk factors for maternal outcomes, while tricuspid regurgitation velocity (P<0.001) and superior inferior diameter of right atrium (P<0.05) were significant risk factors for neonatal outcomes. Using significant risk factors, a risk score system was established to predict the pregnancy outcome. CONCLUSION: in this study, we analyzed the clinical data of patients with pregnancy complicated with pulmonary hypertension in our hospital in recent years, and found that the changes of right heart structure (the acceleration of tricuspid regurgitation velocity, and the increase of right atrium, right ventricular diameter, right ventricular outflow tract anteroposterior diameter and main pulmonary artery diameter), are influencing factors of pregnancy outcomes in patients with pulmonary hypertension. In addition, we preliminarily designed a risk score through multi factor analysis, which is helpful to predict the possible outcome of puerperium and neonatal outcomes of patients, and to provide some reference for clinicians and patients to make decisions on whether to continue pregnancy in clinical practice.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Mingzhou Guo ◽  
Mengzhe Zhang ◽  
Xiaopei Cao ◽  
Xiaoyu Fang ◽  
Ke Li ◽  

Abstract Background Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is a chronic progressive advanced disorder pathologically characterized by pulmonary vascular remodeling. Notch4 as a cell surface receptor is critical for vascular development. However, little is known about the role and mechanism of Notch4 in the development of hypoxic vascular remodeling. Methods Lung tissue samples were collected to detect the expression of Notch4 from patients with HPH and matched controls. Human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMCs) were cultured in hypoxic and normoxic conditions. Real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting were used to examine the mRNA and protein levels of Notch4. HPASMCs were transfected with small interference RNA (siRNA) against Notch4 or Notch4 overexpression plasmid, respectively. Cell viability, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration were assessed using Cell Counting Kit-8, Edu, Annexin-V/PI, and Transwell assay. The interaction between Notch4 and ERK, JNK, P38 MAPK were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation. Adeno-associated virus 1-mediated siRNA against Notch4 (AAV1-si-Notch4) was injected into the airways of hypoxic rats. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), right ventricular hypertrophy and pulmonary vascular remodeling were evaluated. Results In this study, we demonstrate that Notch4 is highly expressed in the media of pulmonary vascular and is upregulated in lung tissues from patients with HPH and HPH rats compared with control groups. In vitro, hypoxia induces the high expression of Delta-4 and Notch4 in HPASMCs. The increased expression of Notch4 promotes HPASMCs proliferation and migration and inhibits cells apoptosis via ERK, JNK, P38 signaling pathways. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation result elucidates the interaction between Notch4 and ERK/JNK/P38. In vivo, silencing Notch4 partly abolished the increase in RVSP and pulmonary vascular remodeling caused by hypoxia in HPH rats. Conclusions These findings reveal an important role of the Notch4-ERK/JNK/P38 MAPK axis in hypoxic pulmonary remodeling and provide a potential therapeutic target for patients with HPH.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Zuzanna Lewicka-Potocka ◽  
Anna Maria Kaleta-Duss ◽  
Ewa Lewicka ◽  
Marcin Kubik ◽  
Anna Faran ◽  

Moderate physical activity has a positive impact on health, although extreme forms of sport such as marathon running may trigger exercise-induced cardiac fatigue. The explicit distinction between the right ventricular (RV) physiological response to training and maladaptive remodeling has not yet been determined. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact of running a marathon on RV mechanics in amateur athletes using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (ECHO) and the ReVISION method (RV separate wall motion quantification). A group of 34 men with a mean age of 40 ± 8 years who successfully finished a marathon underwent ECHO three times, i.e., 2 weeks before the marathon (stage I), at the marathon finish line (stage II), and 2 weeks after the marathon (stage III). The ECHO findings were then correlated with the concentrations of biomarkers related to myocardial injury and overload and also obtained at the three stages. On finishing the marathon, the amateur athletes were found to have a significant (p &lt; 0.05) increase in end-diastolic (with a median of 51.4 vs. 57.0 ml/m2) and end-systolic (with a median of 24.9 vs. 31.5 ml/m2) RV volumes indexed to body surface area, reduced RV ejection fraction (RVEF) (with a median of 51.0% vs. 46.0%), and a decrease in RV radial shortening [i.e., radial EF (REF)] (with a mean of 23.0 ± 4.5% vs. 19.3 ± 4.2%), with other RV motion components remaining unchanged. The post-competition decrease in REF was more evident in runners with larger total volume of trainings (R2 = 0.4776, p = 0.0002) and higher concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (r = 0.43, p &lt; 0.05) during the preparation period. The decrease in REF was more prominent in the training of marathoners more than 47 km/week. At stage II, marathoners with a more marked decrease in RVEF and REF had higher galectin-3 (Gal-3) levels (r = −0.48 and r = −0.39, respectively; p &lt; 0.05). Running a marathon significantly altered the RV performance of amateur athletes. Transient impairment in RV systolic function resulted from decreased radial shortening, which appeared in those who trained more extensively. Observed ECHO changes correlated with the concentrations of the profibrotic marker Gal-3.

Sachin Mahajan ◽  
Neha Bharti ◽  
Ganesh Munirathinam

Pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricular outflow tract(RVOT) is an uncommon yet catastrophic complication after intracardiac repair of Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF). We describe a patient diagnosed with RVOT pseudoaneurysm in the immediate postoperative period after complete repair for TOF with single pulmonary artery. The pseudoaneurysm was repaired successfully. This case is reported to emphasise the importance of a high degree of suspicion of this rare entity in these patients for its early diagnosis and management.

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