p38 mapk
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 653-658
Author(s):  
Xin Yang ◽  
Shandan Wang

This study intends to promote bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) differentiation into neural stem cells by down-regulating p38 MAPK/NF-κB to heal neurodegeneration. 26 patients with neurodegenerative diseases were enrolled from the Department of Neurology along with recruitment of 26 other healthy controls followed by analysis of p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway expression by ELISA. BMSCs were cultured and characterized by flow cytometry. Western blot and qRTPCR measured the p38 MAPK/NF-κB expression in the absence or presence of p38 MAPK/NF-κB inhibitors. p38 MAPK/NF-κB expression in 26 neurodegenerative patients was significantly higher than that of 26 healthy controls. The qRT-PCR and western blot results showed that the neural stem cell-specific proteins expression was increased as days went; after addition of p38 MAPK/NF-κB inhibitor, the expression of related specific genes were significantly decreased. In conclusion, inhibition of the expression of p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway can heal neurodegeneration by promoting the differentiation of BMSCs into neural stem cells.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
anyu Xu ◽  
jingchun Pei ◽  
Yunhong Yang ◽  
Baotong Hua ◽  
Jing Wang

Abstract Background: The migration, proliferation, and inflammatory factor secretion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are involved in the important pathological processes of several vascular occlusive diseases, including coronary atherosclerosis (CAS). IL-1β, as a bioactive mediator of VSMC synthesis and secretion, can promote the pathological progress of CAS. In this study, we further explored the underlying molecular mechanisms by which IL-1β regulates VSMC migration, invasion.Methods: We pretreated A7r5 and HASMC with IL-1β for 24 hours, and measured the expression of IL-1β, PCNA, cyclin D1, MMP2 and MMP9 in the cells by Western blotting. Cell migration and invasion ability were measured by Transwell and wound healing assays. Cell viability was measured by an MTT assay. Results: We found that IL-1β up-regulated the expression of proliferation-related proteins (PCNA and Cyclin D1) in A7r5 and HASMC, and induces the secretion of MMP2 and MMP9, promotes cell invasion and migration. In addition, in A7r5 and HASMCs treated with IL-1β, the expression of Ang2 increased in a time-dependent manner, transfection with si-Ang2 suppressed cell migration and invasion, with down-regulated MMP2 and MMP9 expression. In parallely, we further found that the p38-MAPK pathway is activated in cells induced by IL-1β, p38-MAPK inhibitors can down-regulate the expression of Ang2. Conclusions: These data demonstrated that IL-1β promotes A7r5 and HASMC migration and invasion via the p38-MAPK/Ang2 pathway.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Zurong Zhai ◽  
Yanlin Ren ◽  
Chuanjun Shu ◽  
Dongyin Chen ◽  
Xia Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract Background:Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC)is a type of breast cancer with poor prognosis, and still has no adequate therapeutic target and ideal medicine.The public database and the relative studies have shown that low expression of JWA is closely related to the poor overall survival in many cancers including breast cancer. However, the precise biological functions and behind mechanisms of JWA in TNBC are still unclear.Methods:Both TCGA and GEO databases were used to confirm the relationship between expression levels of JWA and overall survival inTNBC cases.JAC1, an agonisticsmall compound of JWA gene, was used in TNBC modelsin vitro and in vivo. The routine cellular and molecular assays include CCK-8, colony formation, EdUincorporation, the flow cytometry, Western blot, immunohistochemistry,immune-fluorescence microscopy and reporter gene assays were conducted in this study.Results:Low expression of JWA was associated with poor prognosis in TNBC patients. JAC1 treatment inhibited TNBCcells proliferation and promoted apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. JAC1 specifically combined and targeted YY1toeliminate its transcriptional inhibition on JWA gene.At the same time, JAC1promoted ubiquitination and degradation of YY1. The rescued JWA induced G1 phase arrest and apoptosis in TNBC cellsthrough the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. In addition, JAC1 disrupted the interaction between YY1 and HSF1, and suppressed the oncogenic role of HSF1 in TNBC throughp-Aktsignaling pathway.Conclusions:We discovered for the first time that JAC1 is a YY1 targeting compoundand maybe a potential therapeutic agent for TNBC.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ningning Chen ◽  
Yifang Jiang ◽  
Yi Yang ◽  
Ziyi Zhao ◽  
Chong Xiao ◽  
...  

Abstract Objective: Combinatorial natural products have high application potential for treatment of complex diseases owing to their synergistic effects and multi-targeting effect. However, studies have not explored the therapeutic effect and the synergetic mechanisms of action combinations of natural products. The present study aimed sought to evaluate the synergistic antitumor effects of a combination of Berberine and Evodiamine, and explore the drug effect on proliferation, migration, invasion of HCT116 and RKO human colorectal cancer cells. Results: The effect of berberine and evodiamine at a specific paired dose (BER30μM, EVO 0.8μM) was explored. A combination of berberine and evodiamine had no effect on activity and proliferation of HCT116 and RKO cells. The combination regulates the cell cycle of HCT116 and RKO cells at different cell phases. Berberine mainly blocked the cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, whereas evodiamine induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. The results showed that the combined effect of berberine and evodiamine does not offset each other, but plays a synergistic role in regulation of colon cancer cell cycle. Western blot analysis showed that the combination of berberine and evodiamine regulated cell cycle by downregulating expression of cdc25c and upregulating expression of p21. The combination significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion by regulating EMT related proteins, upregulating expression of E-cadherin and downregulating expression of N-cadherin. The combination of berberine and evodiamine significantly inhibited phosphorylation of P38 MAPK in HCT116 and RKO cells, and further inhibited phosphorylation of the downstream MAPKAPK2 and HSP27, thus playing a synergistic anti-colon cancer role.Conclusion: Berberine and Evodiamine exhibit synergistic antitumor effects by suppressing cell proliferation, inducing cell cycle arrest and inhibiting EMT by modulating P38MAPK /MAPKAPK2/HSP27 pathway.Significance of the study: To illustrate the potential mechanism of formula-based combination of natural products, and explore the potential applications of the combination and possible antitumor therapeutic targets.


2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mingzhou Guo ◽  
Mengzhe Zhang ◽  
Xiaopei Cao ◽  
Xiaoyu Fang ◽  
Ke Li ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is a chronic progressive advanced disorder pathologically characterized by pulmonary vascular remodeling. Notch4 as a cell surface receptor is critical for vascular development. However, little is known about the role and mechanism of Notch4 in the development of hypoxic vascular remodeling. Methods Lung tissue samples were collected to detect the expression of Notch4 from patients with HPH and matched controls. Human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMCs) were cultured in hypoxic and normoxic conditions. Real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting were used to examine the mRNA and protein levels of Notch4. HPASMCs were transfected with small interference RNA (siRNA) against Notch4 or Notch4 overexpression plasmid, respectively. Cell viability, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration were assessed using Cell Counting Kit-8, Edu, Annexin-V/PI, and Transwell assay. The interaction between Notch4 and ERK, JNK, P38 MAPK were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation. Adeno-associated virus 1-mediated siRNA against Notch4 (AAV1-si-Notch4) was injected into the airways of hypoxic rats. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), right ventricular hypertrophy and pulmonary vascular remodeling were evaluated. Results In this study, we demonstrate that Notch4 is highly expressed in the media of pulmonary vascular and is upregulated in lung tissues from patients with HPH and HPH rats compared with control groups. In vitro, hypoxia induces the high expression of Delta-4 and Notch4 in HPASMCs. The increased expression of Notch4 promotes HPASMCs proliferation and migration and inhibits cells apoptosis via ERK, JNK, P38 signaling pathways. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation result elucidates the interaction between Notch4 and ERK/JNK/P38. In vivo, silencing Notch4 partly abolished the increase in RVSP and pulmonary vascular remodeling caused by hypoxia in HPH rats. Conclusions These findings reveal an important role of the Notch4-ERK/JNK/P38 MAPK axis in hypoxic pulmonary remodeling and provide a potential therapeutic target for patients with HPH.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Yang ◽  
Wei Zhou ◽  
Xiuqi Xu ◽  
Xianxiu Ge ◽  
Fei Wang ◽  
...  

Substance P contributes to the pathogenesis of pain by acting on NK-1R, specialized sensory neurons that detect noxious stimuli. Aprepitant, an antagonist of NK-1R, is widely used to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. In this study, we used LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglia cell line and animal models of inflammatory pain to explore the analgesic effect of aprepitant on inflammatory pain and its underlying mechanism. The excitability of DRG neurons were measured using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. The behavioral tests were measured and the morphological changes on inflamed paw sections were determined by HE staining. Changes in the expressions of cytokine were measured by using real-time quantitative PCR analysis and ELISA method. Immunofluorescence and western blotting were used to detect the microglia activation and MAPK. Aprepitant treatment significantly inhibited the excitability of DRG neurons. The pain behavior and the paw tissues inflammatory damage were significantly relived after the administration of aprepitant compared to formalin group. Aprepitant significantly suppressed the activation of microglia, phosphorylation of JNK and p38 MAPK, as well as the mRNA and protein expressions of MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β, in vivo and in vitro. The LPS-induced over-translocation into nucleus of NF-κBp65 was down-regulated following aprepitant treatment in BV-2 cells. The present study suggests that aprepitant attenuates inflammatory pain in mice via suppressing the phosphorylation of JNK and p38, and inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Fengjie Liu ◽  
Meng Lan ◽  
Baoqi Ren ◽  
Lihong Li ◽  
Tengteng Zou ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring cancer among women. Baicalin has been shown to inhibit breast cancer proliferation, but poor aqueous solubility and unknown mechanism of action limit its application. This study aimed to investigate the antiproliferative effects of baicalin-loaded folic acid-modified albumin nanoparticles (FA-BSANPs/BA) in breast cancer MCF-7 cells and its relationship with autophagy and ROS-mediated p38 MAPK and Akt/mTOR signaling pathways. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy were used to detect cell cycle, apoptosis and autophagy. Western blot was used to detect protein expression. Results Compared with the control and free baicalin groups, FA-BSANPs/BA inhibited viability of MCF-7 cells and increased cells in S phase, apoptotic bodies, pro-apoptotic proteins, autophagy markers and autophagosomes. These effects could be reversed when combined with the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine. FA-BSANPs/BA increased the levels of phosphorylated p38 MAPK, inhibited the levels of phosphorylated Akt and mTOR, and increased the level of ROS in MCF-7 cells. The effects of FA-BSANPs/BA could be reversed or enhanced using inhibitors of Akt, mTOR, p38 MAPK and ROS scavengers. Conclusions Encapsulation in folate albumin nanoparticles improved the antiproliferative activity of baicalin. FA-BSANPs/BA induced autophagy and apoptosis via ROS-mediated p38 MAPK and Akt/mTOR signaling pathways in human breast cancer cells.


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