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Diagnostics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 204
Gergely Csány ◽  
László Hunor Gergely ◽  
Norbert Kiss ◽  
Klára Szalai ◽  
Kende Lőrincz ◽  

A compact handheld skin ultrasound imaging device has been developed that uses co-registered optical and ultrasound imaging to provide diagnostic information about the full skin depth. The aim of the current work is to present the preliminary clinical results of this device. Using additional photographic, dermoscopic and ultrasonic images as reference, the images from the device were assessed in terms of the detectability of the main skin layer boundaries and characteristic image features. Combined optical-ultrasonic recordings of various types of skin lesions (melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, seborrheic keratosis, dermatofibroma, naevus, dermatitis and psoriasis) were taken with the device (N = 53) and compared with images captured with a reference portable skin ultrasound imager. The investigator and two additional independent experts performed the evaluation. The detectability of skin structures was over 90% for the epidermis, the dermis and the lesions. The morphological and echogenicity information observed for the different skin lesions were found consistent with those of the reference ultrasound device and relevant ultrasound images in the literature. The presented device was able to obtain simultaneous in-vivo optical and ultrasound images of various skin lesions. This has the potential for further investigations, including the preoperative planning of skin cancer treatment.

Medicina ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 115
Luigi Bennardo ◽  
Gaia Fasano ◽  
Federica Tamburi ◽  
Elena Zappia ◽  
Francesco Rizzuto ◽  

Background and Objectives: Warts are benign lesions of viral etiology characterized by a hyperkeratotic appearance tending to spread across the skin surface. Various treatments have been proposed to manage this condition, such as acids, imiquimod, photodynamic therapy, cryotherapy, and various lasers. Materials and Methods: In this paper, we describe a combination protocol using CO2 laser prior to Nd:YAG laser for lesions interesting the palmoplantar areas or dye laser for lesions on other skin surfaces in the management of non-facial warts resistant to traditional therapies. In total, 34 patients with 103 warts suffering from wart infection resistant to traditional therapies treated from 1 January 2019 to 1 June 2020 were retrospectively enrolled at the Dermatological Unit of Magna Graecia University (Catanzaro, Italy). Two dermatologists measured clinical results, classifying lesions with complete resolution, partial resolution, or non-responding. Patients at four months follow-up were asked to evaluate their degree of satisfaction with a visual analog scale (VAS). Results: Almost all patients reported the complete resolution of lesions, with no patient reporting scarring. Five patients reported hypopigmentation in the treated areas. The mean satisfaction level was high. Only three patients experienced a relapse of the condition. Conclusions: Using a vascular laser following a CO2 superficial ablation of warts may help reduce the risk of scarring and decrease the incidence of relapses for lesions resistant to traditional therapies. Therefore, more extensive studies will be necessary to confirm the obtained results.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 511
Francesco Mattia Ceruso ◽  
Irene Ieria ◽  
Marco Tallarico ◽  
Silvio Mario Meloni ◽  
Aurea Immacolata Lumbau ◽  

To evaluate the implant and prosthetic of two implants with different surfaces and neck design. Enrolled patients received bone level, 12° conical connection implants (Nobel Parallel, Nobel Biocare; NOBEL group) with anodized surface (TiUnite) and roughness of 1.35 μm, or transmucosal implant system (Prama, Sweden and Martina; PRAMA group) with convergent collar, ZIrTi surface, and roughness 1.4–1.7 μm. Both implants were made of pure grade IV titanium, with similar diameter and length, chosen according to the dentistry department availability and patient’s request. After early prosthesis delivery, patients were filled for at least one year. Outcome measures were: implant and prosthetic survival and success rates, physiological marginal bone remodeling, periodontal parameters and pink esthetic score (PES). Results: Fifteen patients were allocated and treated in each group. At the one-year follow-up, three patients dropped out, one in the NOBEL group and two in the PRAMA group. During the entire time of investigation, all implants survived and the prostheses were successful. No statistically significant differences were found in term of marginal bone loss, periodontal parameters, and aesthetics (p > 0.05). Conclusion: With the limitations of the present study, both implant systems showed successful clinical results. Finally, many other clinical and surgical variables may influenced marginal bone levels, implant survival, and periodontal parameters. More homogenous clinical trials with larger samples are needed to confirm these preliminary conclusions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Anna Giuliani ◽  
Luca Sgarabotto ◽  
Sabrina Milan Manani ◽  
Ilaria Tantillo ◽  
Claudio Ronco ◽  

AbstractAssisted peritoneal dialysis (asPD) is a modality intended for not self-sufficient patients, mainly elderly, who are not able to perform peritoneal dialysis (PD) alone and require some help to manage the treatment. In the last decades, many countries developed strategies of asPD to face with aging of dialysis population and give an answer to the increasing demand of health service for elderly. Model of asPD varies according to the type of assistants employed and intensity of assistance provided. Both health care and non-health care assistants have been used with good clinical results. A mixed model of help, using different professional figures for short time or for longer according to patients’ need, has been proved successful and cost-effective. Outcomes of asPD are reported in different ways, and the comparative effect of asPD is unclear. Quality of life has rarely been evaluated; however, patients seem to be satisfied with the assistance provided, since it allows them to both retain independence and to be relieved from the burden of self-care. Assisted PD should not be intended as a PD-favoring strategy, but as a model that allows home dialysis also in patients who would not be eligible for PD because of social, cognitive or physical barriers.

Arthroplasty ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Kai Lei ◽  
Li-Ming Liu ◽  
Peng-Fei Yang ◽  
Ran Xiong ◽  
De-Jie Fu ◽  

Abstract Background This study aimed to compare the short-term clinical results of slight femoral under-correction with neutral alignment in patients with preoperative varus knees who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Methods The medical records and imaging data were retrospectively collected from patients who had undergone total knee arthroplasty in our hospital from January 2016 to June 2019. All patients had varus knees preoperatively. Upon 1:1 propensity score matching, 256 patients (256 knees) were chosen and divided into a neutral alignment group (n=128) and an under-correction group (n=128). The patients in the neutral group were treated with the neutral alignment. In the under-correction group, the femoral mechanical axis had a 2° under-correction. The operative time, tourniquet time and the length of hospital stay in the two groups were recorded. The postoperative hip-knee-ankle angle, frontal femoral component angle and frontal tibial component angle were measured. Patient-reported outcome measures were also compared. Results The operative time, tourniquet time and the length of hospital stay in the under-correction group were significantly shorter than the neutral alignment group (P<0.05). At the 2-year follow-up, the under-correction group had a larger varus alignment (P<0.05) and a larger frontal femoral component angle (P<0.05), and the frontal tibial component angles of the two groups were comparable. Compared with the neutral alignment group, the slight femoral under-correction group had significantly better patient-reported outcome measures scores (P<0.05). Conclusion For varus knees treated with total knee arthroplasty, alignment with a slight femoral under-correction has advantages over the neutral alignment in terms of the shorter operative time and better short-term clinical results. Level of evidence III

2022 ◽  
Nadine Ijaz ◽  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Sandy Welsh ◽  
Heather Boon

Purpose: Physiotherapists practise various forms of acupuncture worldwide, but no international consensus exists as to the appropriate duration of related training programs. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to characterize the training-related backgrounds and views of acupuncture-practising physiotherapists. Method: A total of 426 physiotherapists who practised acupuncture in Ontario completed an online survey that included training-related items and an open-ended question (39 provided training-related responses). Statistical analyses included multivariate and multinomial logistical regression models. Thematic analysis was used to interpret respondents’ textual responses to the open-ended question. Results: Respondents, who practised predominantly Western medical acupuncture, dry needling, or both, had completed acupuncture-related training programs ranging from < 25 to ≥ 300 hours. Those who had completed programs lasting > 100 hours were significantly more likely to self-report excellent clinical results and an enhanced ability both to recruit and retain patients and to earn a higher income. They were also more likely to endorse longer trainings as necessary for safe and effective patient care. Respondents to the open-ended question expressed a range of views, including the need for more stringent training requirements. Conclusions: PT regulatory requirements for longer (>100 hour) acupuncture trainings may better support clinical effectiveness and safety, patient satisfaction, and professional outcomes.

Alexander Ellwein ◽  
Larissa Janning ◽  
Rony-Orijit DeyHazra ◽  
Tomas Smith ◽  
Helmut Lill ◽  

Edoardo Staderini ◽  
Valentina Ventura ◽  
Simonetta Meuli ◽  
Liliana Maltagliati ◽  
Patrizia Gallenzi

Background: Optimal management of hypodivergent growing patients demands a strict control of vertical dimension and to exploit the growth potential. If a deep bite malocclusion causes a traumatic contact between the upper and lower incisors and affects the facial appearance, an early interceptive treatment is recommended. The aim of this case report is to outline the clinical management of the occlusal plane of a growing Class II division 1 deep bite patient treated with aligners and Class II elastics. Methods: The treatment lasted 11 months and was divided into two phases. Treatment goals included improvement of the soft tissue profile and basal bone relationships through an increase in the mandibular third of the face and a sagittal advancement of the mandible. The correction of the curve of Spee involved intrusion of the mandibular incisors and extrusion of the mandibular premolars. Results: The cephalometric analysis at the end of the treatment displayed significant differences in the skeletal and occlusal pattern along with aesthetic improvements. Conclusion: The final cephalogram showed a consistency between the planned tooth movement and the clinical results. Although definitive recommendations must be withheld until longer follow-up is available, the patient presented here shows that the treatment protocol yielded positive mandibular growth.

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Teja Yeramosu ◽  
Jibanananda Satpathy ◽  
Paul W Perdue ◽  
Clarence B Toney ◽  
Jesse T Torbert ◽  

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