heating and cooling
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Author(s):  
Suyambazhahan Sivalingam ◽  
Sunny Narayan ◽  
Sakthivel Rajamohan ◽  
Ivan Grujic ◽  
Nadica Stojanovic

The additive manufacturing (AM) of products involves various processes, such as raising the temperature of a work-piece (part) and substrate to the melting point and subsequent solidification, using a movable source of heat. The work piece is subjected to repeated cycles of heating and cooling. The main objective of this work was to present an overview of the various methods used for prediction of the residual stresses and how their contributions can be used to improve current additive manufacturing methods. These novel methods of manufacturing have several merits, compared to conventional methods. Some of these merits include the lower costs, higher precision and accuracy of manufacturing, faster processing time and more eco-friendly approaches to processes involved.


Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 310 ◽  
pp. 122269
Author(s):  
Huina Guo ◽  
Hang Shi ◽  
Yuxin Wu ◽  
Junfu Lyu ◽  
Yang Zhang

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Irindu Upasiri ◽  
Chaminda Konthesingha ◽  
Anura Nanayakkara ◽  
Keerthan Poologanathan ◽  
Gatheeshgar Perampalam ◽  
...  

PurposeLight-Gauge Steel Frame (LSF) structures are popular in building construction due to their lightweight, easy erecting and constructability characteristics. However, due to steel lipped channel sections negative fire performance, cavity insulation materials are utilized in the LSF configuration to enhance its fire performance. The applicability of lightweight concrete filling as cavity insulation in LSF and its effect on the fire performance of LSF are investigated under realistic design fire exposure, and results are compared with standard fire exposure.Design/methodology/approachA Finite Element model (FEM) was developed to simulate the fire performance of Light Gauge Steel Frame (LSF) walls exposed to realistic design fires. The model was developed utilising Abaqus subroutine to incorporate temperature-dependent properties of the material based on the heating and cooling phases of the realistic design fire temperature. The developed model was validated with the available experimental results and incorporated into a parametric study to evaluate the fire performance of conventional LSF walls compared to LSF walls with lightweight concrete filling under standard and realistic fire exposures.FindingsNovel FEM was developed incorporating temperature and phase (heating and cooling) dependent material properties in simulating the fire performance of structures exposed to realistic design fires. The validated FEM was utilised in the parametric study, and results exhibited that the LSF walls with lightweight concrete have shown better fire performance under insulation and load-bearing criteria in Eurocode parametric fire exposure. Foamed Concrete (FC) of 1,000 kg/m3 density showed best fire performance among lightweight concrete filling, followed by FC of 650 kg/m3 and Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) 600 kg/m3.Research limitations/implicationsThe developed FEM is capable of investigating the insulation and load-bearing fire ratings of LSF walls. However, with the availability of the elevated temperature mechanical properties of the LSF wall, materials developed model could be further extended to simulate the complete fire behaviour.Practical implicationsLSF structures are popular in building construction due to their lightweight, easy erecting and constructability characteristics. However, due to steel-lipped channel sections negative fire performance, cavity insulation materials are utilised in the LSF configuration to enhance its fire performance. The lightweight concrete filling in LSF is a novel idea that could be practically implemented in the construction, which would enhance both fire performance and the mechanical performance of LSF walls.Originality/valueLimited studies have investigated the fire performance of structural elements exposed to realistic design fires. Numerical models developed in those studies have considered a similar approach as models developed to simulate standard fire exposure. However, due to the heating phase and the cooling phase of the realistic design fires, the numerical model should incorporate both temperature and phase (heating and cooling phase) dependent properties, which was incorporated in this study and validated with the experimental results. Further lightweight concrete filling in LSF is a novel technique in which fire performance was investigated in this study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-473
Author(s):  
Sintiani Perdani ◽  
Didik Ari Wibowo ◽  
Desmira Desmira

Around 35% of the total utilization of coconuts at this time is still not fully utilized. Thermoelectric is a technology that converts heat energy directly into electrical energy or converts electrical energy into heating and cooling energy. Data retrieval using two multimeters and an electric thermometer, data collection was carried out for 2 minutes. From the test results, this tool can produce an average voltage of 10.05 Volt for 200gram coconut shells, an average current of 0.99 Ampere and an average power of 13.84 Watts and can fully charge the battery up to 3 hours 33 minutes, while for 300 grams produces an average voltage of 10.59 Volts for 300gram coconut shells, an average current of 0.995 Ampere and an average power of 13.56 Watts and the battery can be fully charged in about 3 hours 36 minutes, while a coconut shell weighing 400 grams can produces an average voltage of 10.94 Volts, an average current of 1 Ampere and an average power of 13.70 Watts and the battery can be fully charged in about 3 hours 30 minutes. The more coconut shells used for combustion, the hotter the temperature and the faster the voltage and current are obtained, but with a note that the maximum temperature limit of the thermoelectric is T not more than 200o C. Keywords: Coconut Shell, Thermoelectric, Electrical Energy.


2022 ◽  
pp. 2104181
Author(s):  
Xiuqiang Li ◽  
Wanrong Xie ◽  
Jia Zhu

Author(s):  
Keiya Fujimoto ◽  
Hiroaki Hanafusa ◽  
Takuma Sato ◽  
Seiichiro HIGASHI

Abstract We have developed optical-interference contactless thermometry (OICT) imaging technique to visualize three-dimensional transient temperature distribution in 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diode (SBD) under operation. When a 1 ms forward pulse bias was applied, clear variation of optical interference fringes induced by self-heating and cooling were observed. Thermal diffusion and optical analysis revealed three-dimensional temperature distribution with high spatial (≤ 10 μm) and temporal (≤ 100 μs) resolutions. A hot spot that signals breakdown of the SBD was successfully captured as an anormal interference, which indicated a local heating to a temperature as high as 805 K at the time of failure.


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