sudden onset
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-32
Consuelo Tamburella ◽  
Silvana Parisi ◽  
Sara Lillo ◽  
Giacomo Ferrantelli ◽  
Paola Critelli ◽  

Background: Paraneoplastic gastroparesis is a gastrointestinal syndrome that rarely precedes a tumor diagnosis. To increase awareness of this rare clinical entity, we present a case of severe gastroparesis, which was later proven to be associated with a thymoma. Case report: A 55-year old man had the sudden onset of severe abdominal cramps and abdominal distension, early satiety with postprandial nausea, acid regurgitation, belching, and flatulence. He lost about 20 pounds. The physical and imaging examination revealed stomach distension, gastroparesis, and the presence of a solid mass in the anterior mediastinum. Radical surgery was performed to remove the thymoma and, given the high value of Mib-1, the patient was submitted to postoperative chest radiation therapy. After thymectomy, a diagnosis of paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis with subacute autonomic failure was made. Conclusion: Autoimmune gastroparesis should be considered as a potential paraneoplastic syndrome in patients with thymoma, myasthenia gravis, and delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction.

2022 ◽  
Khodayar Golabchi ◽  
Alireza Rezaee ◽  
Davood Aghadoost ◽  
Maryam Hashemipour

Aim: A variety of manifestations in different organs could be associated with severe COVID-19; for example, ocular manifestations. Case report: A 52-year-old male complaining of sudden onset unilateral painless vision loss in the right eye for 1 month (started just 1 week after COVID-19 remission) came to the ophthalmology clinic. On further evaluations, he was diagnosed with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION). Considering his past history and the result of evaluations, the hypothesis of association between AION and COVID-19 was proposed. Results & discussion: Ocular and neurologic manifestations of COVID-19 are more likely to happen in patients with more severe conditions. Complications occur secondary to two basic mechanisms including severe inflammatory response and hypercoagulable state. Conclusion: Our findings indicated that non-arteritic AION is another manifestation of microangiopathic/thrombotic events which may occur in the course of COVID-19.

Life ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 96
Magdalena B. Skarżyńska ◽  
Aleksandra Kołodziejak ◽  
Elżbieta Gos ◽  
Milaine Dominici Sanfis ◽  
Piotr H. Skarżyński

(1) Background: A retrospective clinical study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of different pharmacological and non-pharmacological regimens for treating sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). (2) Methods: Adult patients (n = 130) diagnosed with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and hospitalized between 2015 and 2020 were enrolled in this study. Depending on the treatment regimen applied, patients were divided into five groups. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (i) hearing loss of sudden onset; (ii) hearing loss of at least 30 dB at three consecutive frequencies; (iii) unilateral hearing loss; (iv) age above 18 years. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (i) no follow-up audiogram; (ii) bilateral hearing loss; (iii) recognized alternative diagnosis such as tumor, disorder of inner ear fluids, infection or inflammation, autoimmune disease, malformation, hematological disease, dialysis-dependent renal failure, postdural puncture syndrome, gene-related syndrome, mitochondrial disease; and (iv) age below 18 years. (3) Results: Complete recovery was found in 14% of patients (18/130) and marked improvement was found in 6% (8/130), giving an overall success rate of 20%. The best results were obtained in the second group (i.e., patients given intratympanic glucocorticoid + prolonged orally administered glucocorticoid) where the success rate was 28%. In general, the older the patient, the smaller the improvement in hearing, a correlation that was statistically significant. (4) Conclusions: In treating SSNHL, the highest rate of hearing recovery—28%—was in the group of patients given intratympanic corticoid plus prolonged treatment with orally administered glucocorticoid.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Xiaogao Pan ◽  
Yang Zhou ◽  
Guifang Yang ◽  
Zhibiao He ◽  
Hongliang Zhang ◽  

Background: Misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) significantly increase mortality. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a biomarker related to coagulation cascade and cardiovascular-injury. The extent of LPA elevation in AAD and whether it can discriminate sudden-onset of acute chest pain are currently unclear.Methods: We measured the plasma concentration of LPA in a cohort of 174 patients with suspected AAD chest pain and 30 healthy participants. Measures to discriminate AAD from other acute-onset thoracalgia were compared and calculated.Results: LPA was significantly higher in AAD than in the AMI, PE, and the healthy (344.69 ± 59.99 vs. 286.79 ± 43.01 vs. 286.61 ± 43.32 vs. 96.08 ± 11.93, P < 0.01) within 48 h of symptom onset. LPA level peaked at 12 h after symptom onset, then gradually decreased from 12 to 48 h in AAD. LPA had an AUC of 0.85 (0.80–0.90), diagnosis threshold of 298.98 mg/dl, a sensitivity of 0.81, specificity of 0.77, and the negative predictive value of 0.85. The ROC curve of LPA is better than D-dimer (P = 0.041, Delong test). The decision curve showed that LPA had excellent standardized net benefits.Conclusion: LPA showed superior overall diagnostic performance to D-dimer in early AAD diagnosis may be a potential biomarker, but additional studies are needed to determine the rapid and cost-effective diagnostic tests in the emergency department.

Vally Koubi ◽  
Lena Schaffer ◽  
Gabriele Spilker ◽  
Tobias Böhmelt

AbstractThe study examines the relationship between sudden- and gradual-onset climate events and migration, hypothesizing that this relationship is mediated by the adaptive capacity of affected individuals. We use survey data from regions of Cambodia, Nicaragua, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam that were affected by both types of events with representative samples of non-migrant residents and referral samples of migrants. Although some patterns are country-specific, the general findings indicate that less educated and lower-income people are less likely to migrate after exposure to sudden-onset climate events compared to their counterparts with higher levels of education and economic resources. These results caution against sweeping predictions that future climate-related events will be accompanied by widespread migration.

2022 ◽  

Abstract Objective: Pregnancy of Rudimentary Horn is a type of ectopic pregnancy, that is recognized almost always during surgical treatment of a rupture of the rudimentary horn. This is an obstetric case diagnosed preoperatively by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Case: We report the case of a 19-years-old primigravida patient with rupture of rudimentary horn in 26th gestational week. The patient presented with sudden onset severe abdominal pain in the emergency room. Intraabdominal free fluid is detected. To evaluate the etiology of free fluid and location of the gestational sac, an abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan was planned. The decision of emergent laparotomy is made because of sonographic detection of abdominal excessive -concentrated- free fluid, abdominal tenderness, and 2 points decrease of hemoglobin value in the control hemogram. A rudimentary horn pregnancy and fundal rupture of the rudimentary part of the uterus are diagnosed during the surgical procedure. A baby -live- weighing 450 grams was delivered. The ruptured rudimentary horn and same-sided tuba uterina were surgically removed.Conclusion: Rudimentary horn pregnancy is a rare ectopic pregnancy. Diagnosis is difficult clinically, even with diagnostic imaging modalities. Identifying both cornuas systematically in all patients increases the detection rate. The absence of continuity between the gestational sac’s lumen and the cervical canal on imaging is an important finding. Due to the serious maternal and fetal complications, its detection at an early week may be life-saving.

2022 ◽  
Vol 79 (1) ◽  
pp. e3-e4
Bhupinder Singh ◽  
Abhishek Goyal ◽  
Devinderpal Singh Dhanota ◽  
Sarju Ralhan ◽  
Kavita Saggar ◽  

Anita Krsman ◽  
Branislava Baturan ◽  
Dmitar Vlahovic ◽  
Zorica Grujic ◽  
Djordje Petrovic ◽  

Introduction. Autoimmune encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma is a serious and potentially fatal pathology. While this clinical entity is known to neurologists, the available literature rarely mentions the role of a gynecologist in diagnostic imagining and treatment. Although several months have passed from the appearance of the symptoms to surgical treatment, this case shows that even then a complete recovery is possible. Case presentation. The patient was a 28-year-old female, brought to the hospital because a sudden onset of unusual behavior - an acute psychosis with suicidal thoughts and auditory hallucinations. Soon after the admission she became delirious, uncooperative and agitated. Blood check, neurological assessment and cranial computed tomography yielded normal results. Therefore, a psychiatric disorder was suspected. Electroencephalogram revealed a diffuse encephalitic insufficiency. As cerebrospinal fluid was negative for infections, the autoimmune etiology of the disease was suspected. Abdominal computer tomography showed a complex right ovarian mass measuring 50 x 40 x 30 mm, confirmed by vaginal ultrasound. Laparoscopy with right adnexectomy was performed. The pathohistological finding showed a mature teratoma. In the meantime, the result of the cerebrospinal fluid test came positive for anti NMDAR antibodies. Six months after surgery, the patient was in a good mental and neurological status without symptoms. Conclusion. Gynecologists should be aware of the presence of ovarian tumors in encephalitis cases. A timely diagnosis of the underlying gynecological cause of a neurological condition, allows for prompt treatment and can remarkably improve clinical conditions and, thus, be lifesaving.

The Lancet ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 399 (10319) ◽  
pp. 60
Koju Kamoi ◽  
Kaoru Uchimaru ◽  
Arinobu Tojo ◽  
Toshiki Watanabe ◽  
Kyoko Ohno-Matsui

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