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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lucas Bohlen ◽  
Robert Shaw ◽  
Francesco Cerritelli ◽  
Jorge E. Esteves

Globally, mental and musculoskeletal disorders present with high prevalence, disease burden, and comorbidity. In order to improve the quality of care for patients with persistent physical and comorbid mental health conditions, person-centered care approaches addressing psychosocial factors are currently advocated. Central to successful person-centered care is a multidisciplinary collaboration between mental health and musculoskeletal specialists underpinned by a robust therapeutic alliance. Such a collaborative approach might be found in osteopathy, which is typically utilized to treat patients with musculoskeletal disorders but may arguably also benefit mental health outcomes. However, research and practice exploring the reputed effect of osteopathy on patients with mental health problems lack a robust framework. In this hypothesis and theory article, we build upon research from embodied cognition, predictive coding, interoception, and osteopathy to propose an embodied, predictive and interoceptive framework that underpins osteopathic person-centered care for individuals with persistent physical and comorbid mental health problems. Based on the premise that, for example, chronic pain and comorbid depression are underlined by overly precise predictions or imprecise sensory information, we hypothesize that osteopathic treatment may generate strong interoceptive prediction errors that update the generative model underpinning the experience of pain and depression. Thus, physical and mental symptoms may be reduced through active and perceptual inference. We discuss how these theoretical perspectives can inform future research into osteopathy and mental health to reduce the burden of comorbid psychological factors in patients with persistent physical symptoms and support person-centered multidisciplinary care in mental health.


2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Maria Olga Quintana Zavala ◽  
Dione Ruiz Barragan ◽  
Carolina Soto Coronado ◽  
Maria Valle Figueroa ◽  
Julio Garcia Puga

Objetivo: Identificar los ámbitos y limitaciones de aplicación de consejería de salud en enfermería. Materiales y Métodos: revisión integradora de literatura, la búsqueda de los estudios se realizó en las bases de datos: Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, ClinicalKey, OVID y Proquest. Se localizaron artículos originales, publicados en el período del 2008 al 2018, en idiomas: español, inglés y portugués, que incluían en el título y/o resumen alguno de los siguientes descriptores: “Nursing health counseling”, “Health promotion”, “Patient centered care”, “Nurse patient relations”, con el operador booleano “AND”. Resultados: El análisis de los artículos seleccionados permitió agrupar la información en dos dimensiones: a) estrategias para brindar consejería de salud en enfermería y b) limitaciones de la consejería de salud en enfermería. Conclusiones: Los ámbitos de aplicación de la consejería de salud en enfermería son amplios dentro de la atención primaria de salud, existen limitaciones para su aplicación, sin embargo, la evidencia demuestra que el costo-efectividad de la consejería es mayor, que cualquier limitación relacionada.


Author(s):  
Ji-Yeong Yun ◽  
In-Young Cho

Recent health care developments have emphasized person-centered care, which highlights individualized treatments rather than focusing solely on the nature of a given disease. Thus, we aim to identify the factors and construct a structural equation model for developing person-centered care competency among senior nursing students based on the social cognitive career theory and a subsequent literature review. We use a hypothetical model to examine the factors influencing person-centered care competency, and using a structured questionnaire, and we collect data on self-awareness, the clinical learning environment, clinical practicum adaptation, nursing professionalism, empathy, and person-centered care competency. The participants include 383 third- and fourth-year senior nursing students who had undergone at least one semester of clinical practice in South Korea. SPSS/WIN 26.0 is used to analyze all obtained data, while AMOS 25.0 is used for structural equation modeling. The final model is confirmed to be suitable for explaining and predicting person-centered care competency among participants. Nursing professionalism, empathy, clinical practicum adaptation, self-awareness, and the clinical learning environment explained 38.8% of the total variance among participants. Strategies and interventions designed to enhance person-centered care competency for senior nursing students should particularly focus on nursing professionalism, empathy, clinical practicum adaptation, self-awareness, and the clinical learning environment.


Author(s):  
Vera Stara ◽  
Benjamin Vera ◽  
Daniel Bolliger ◽  
Susy Paolini ◽  
Michiel de Jong ◽  
...  

Background: The integration of technology-based interventions into health and care provision in our aging society is still a challenge especially in the care pathway for people with dementia. Objective: The study aims to: (1) identify which socio-demographic characteristics are independently associated with the use of the embodied conversational agent among subjects with dementia, (2) uncover patient cluster profiles based on these characteristics, and (3) discuss technology-based interventions challenges. Methods: A virtual agent was used for four weeks by 55 persons with dementia living in their home environment. Results: Participants evaluated the agent as easy-to-use and quickly learnable. They felt confident while using the system and expressed the willingness to use it frequently. Moreover, 21/55 of the patients perceived the virtual agent as a friend and assistant who they could feel close to and who would remind them of important things. Conclusions: Technology-based interventions require a significant effort, such as personalized features and patient-centered care pathways, to be effective. Therefore, this study enriches the open discussion on how such virtual agents must be evidence-based related and designed by multidisciplinary teams, following patient-centered care as well as user-centered design approaches.


2021 ◽  
Vol Volume 14 ◽  
pp. 4269-4279
Author(s):  
Khaled Al-Surimi ◽  
Zahra Alhayek ◽  
David Edvardsson ◽  
Badr Al-Khateeb ◽  
Naila Shaheen

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 125-134
Author(s):  
Ismail Cetintas ◽  
Melahat Akgun Kostak ◽  
Remziye Semerci ◽  
Esra Nur Kocaaslan

Aim: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the perceptions of parents whose children are hospitalized about family-centered care provided in the hospital and their health care satisfaction and the factors affecting them. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with parents (n=169) of children who were hospitalized in a university hospital in Turkey between May and July 2019. Data were collected with "Child and Family Information Form", "Family-Centered Care Scale" and "PedsQL Health Care Satisfaction Scale". Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U, and Spearman correlation tests. Results: The mean age of the children was 6.86±5.63, 51.5% were male, 56.2% were hospitalized before and 88.2% of parents received information about the care and treatment of their children. There was a positive correlation between the parents’ Family-Centered Care Scale and PedsQL Health Care Satisfaction Scale scores and between the age of the children and age of the mother and the PedsQL Health Care Satisfaction Scale scores, the number of children and Family-Centered Care Scale scores of parents. A statistically significant difference was found between the child's previous hospitalization and median scores of the Family-Centered Care Scale, and between whether parents receive information about the care and treatment of their children and the median scores of the PedsQL Health Care Satisfaction Scale. Conclusion: In this study, as the family-centered care that parents expect was met, their health care satisfaction increased. As the age of children and mothers increased, parents' health care satisfaction increased. Health care satisfaction of parents who received information about treatment and care was found higher. Keywords: family-centered care, patient satisfaction, child, parents


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 20-24
Author(s):  
Parvaneh Vasli

Background: Family-centred care (FCC) practices are challenging from the perspectives of both parents and health professionals. Purpose: This study aimed to compare experiences with FCC practices between Iranian mothers and nurses. Design and Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 on 233 mothers with hospitalized infants or children and 233 nurses working in neonatal intensive care units or pediatric wards selected using convenience sampling at five hospitals in Iran. Data regarding experiences about FCC practices among mothers and nurses was collected through the Perceptions of FamilyCentered Care-Parent (PFCC-P) and the Perceptions of Family-Centered Care-Staff (PFCC-S) questionnaires containing the three subscales of Respect, Collaboration, and Support and 21 similar items. Descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized for data analysis using the IBM SPSS Statistics software. The significance level was set as p<0.05. Results: The mean and standard deviation of mothers' and nurses' experiences of FCC were 2.68±0.53 and 3.05±0.39; respectively (range, 1–4). The lowest score belonged to the subscale “respect.” There was a statistically significant difference between mothers and nurses in their experiences with FCC practices in all three subscales. The nurses reported more positive experiences with FCC practices than the mothers did (p<0.001). Conclusion: The mothers and nurses exercised FCC differently and nurses' experiences were more positive. Reasons behind the difference in mothers' and nurses' experiences with FCC practices should be investigated. Interventions are required to remove barriers associated with FCC practices in accordance with healthcare in Iran.


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