Hydrogen Bond
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2022 ◽  
Vol 217 ◽  
pp. 106406
Author(s):  
Fayang Guo ◽  
Dabao Li ◽  
Jeremy B. Fein ◽  
Jingcheng Xu ◽  
Yingwei Wang ◽  
...  
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Yasir Nazir ◽  
Hummera Rafique ◽  
Sadia Roshan ◽  
Shazia Shamas ◽  
Zaman Ashraf ◽  
...  

Tyrosinase and its related proteins are responsible for pigmentation disorders, and inhibiting tyrosinase is an established strategy to treat hyperpigmentation. The carbonyl scaffolds can be effective inhibitors of tyrosinase activity, and the fact that both benzoic and cinnamic acids are safe natural substances with such a scaffolded structure, it was speculated that hydroxyl-substituted benzoic and cinnamic acid derivatives may exhibit potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity. These moieties were incorporated into new chemotypes that displayed in vitro inhibitory effect against mushroom tyrosinase with a view to explore antimelanogenic ingredients. The most active compound, 2-((3-acetylphenyl)amino)-2-oxoethyl(E)-3-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)acrylate (5c), inhibited mushroom tyrosinase with an IC50 of 0.0020 ± 0.0002   μ M , while 2-((3-acetylphenyl)amino)-2-oxoethyl 2,4-dihydroxybenzoate (3c) had an IC50 of 27.35 ± 3.6   μ M in comparison to the positive control arbutin and kojic acid with a tyrosinase inhibitory activity of IC50 of 191.17 ± 5.5   μ M and IC50 of 16.69 ± 2.8   μ M , respectively. Analysis of enzyme kinetics revealed that 5c is a competitive and reversible inhibitor with dissociation constant (Ki) value 0.0072 μM. In silico docking studies with mushroom tyrosinase (PDB ID 2Y9X) predicted possible binding modes in the enzymatic pocket for these compounds. The orthohydroxyl of the cinnamic acid moiety of 5c is predicted to form hydrogen bond with the active site side chain carbonyl of Asn 260 (2.16 Å) closer to the catalytic site Cu ions. The acetyl carbonyl is picking up another hydrogen bond with Asn 81 (1.90 Å). The inhibitor 5c passed the panassay interference (PAINS) alerts. This study presents the potential of hydroxyl-substituted benzoic and cinnamic acids and could be beneficial for various cosmetic formulations.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jaru Taechalertpaisarn ◽  
Satoshi Ono ◽  
Okimasa Okada ◽  
Timothy C. Johnstone ◽  
R. Scott Lokey

Despite the notoriously poor membrane permeability of peptides in general, many cyclic peptide natural products show high passive membrane permeability and potently inhibit a variety of “undruggable” intracellular targets. A major impediment to designing cyclic peptides with good permeability is the high desolvation energy associated with the peptide backbone amide NH groups. Strategies for mitigating the deleterious effect of the backbone NH group on permeability include N-methylation, steric occlusion, and the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds with backbone carbonyl oxygens, while there have been relatively few studies on the use of polar side chains to sequester backbone NH groups. We investigated the ability of N,N-pyrrolidinyl glutamine (Pye), whose side chain contains a powerful hydrogen bond accepting C=O amide group but no hydrogen bond donors, to sequester exposed backbone NH groups in a series of cyclic hexapeptide diastereomers. Analyses of partition coefficients, lipophilic permeability efficiencies (LPE), artificial and cell-based permeability assays revealed that specific Leu-to-Pye substitutions conferred dramatic improvements in aqueous solubility and permeability in a scaffold- and position-dependent manner. Introduction of the Pye residue thus offers a complementary tool, alongside traditional approaches, for improving membrane permeability and solubility in cyclic peptides.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Shengmin Zhou ◽  
Yuanhao Liu ◽  
Sijian Wang ◽  
Lu Wang

AbstractShort hydrogen bonds (SHBs), whose donor and acceptor heteroatoms lie within 2.7 Å, exhibit prominent quantum mechanical characters and are connected to a wide range of essential biomolecular processes. However, exact determination of the geometry and functional roles of SHBs requires a protein to be at atomic resolution. In this work, we analyze 1260 high-resolution peptide and protein structures from the Protein Data Bank and develop a boosting based machine learning model to predict the formation of SHBs between amino acids. This model, which we name as machine learning assisted prediction of short hydrogen bonds (MAPSHB), takes into account 21 structural, chemical and sequence features and their interaction effects and effectively categorizes each hydrogen bond in a protein to a short or normal hydrogen bond. The MAPSHB model reveals that the type of the donor amino acid plays a major role in determining the class of a hydrogen bond and that the side chain Tyr-Asp pair demonstrates a significant probability of forming a SHB. Combining electronic structure calculations and energy decomposition analysis, we elucidate how the interplay of competing intermolecular interactions stabilizes the Tyr-Asp SHBs more than other commonly observed combinations of amino acid side chains. The MAPSHB model, which is freely available on our web server, allows one to accurately and efficiently predict the presence of SHBs given a protein structure with moderate or low resolution and will facilitate the experimental and computational refinement of protein structures.


ACS Omega ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiao-Qing Yuan ◽  
Xu-Hao Yu ◽  
Xu-Liang Zhu ◽  
Xue-Chun Wang ◽  
Xiao-Yan Liu ◽  
...  

Foods ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 165
Author(s):  
Ang Li ◽  
Lei Chen ◽  
Weijie Zhou ◽  
Junhui Pan ◽  
Deming Gong ◽  
...  

Two flavonoids with similar structures, baicalein (Bai) and chrysin (Chr), were selected to investigate the interactions with β-lactoglobulin (BLG) and the influences on the structure and functional properties of BLG by multispectral methods combined with molecular docking and dynamic (MD) simulation techniques. The results of fluorescence quenching suggested that both Bai and Chr interacted with BLG to form complexes with the binding constant of the magnitude of 105 L·mol−1. The binding affinity between BLG and Bai was stronger than that of Chr due to more hydrogen bond formation in Bai–BLG binding. The existence of Bai or Chr induced a looser conformation of BLG, but Chr had a greater effect on the secondary structure of BLG. The surface hydrophobicity and free sulfhydryl group content of BLG lessened due to the presence of the two flavonoids. Molecular docking was performed at the binding site of Bai or Chr located in the surface of BLG, and hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bond actuated the formation of the Bai/Chr–BLG complex. Molecular dynamics simulation verified that the combination of Chr and BLG decreased the stability of BLG, while Bai had little effect on it. Moreover, the foaming properties of BLG got better in the presence of the two flavonoids compounds and Bai improved its emulsification stability of the protein, but Chr had the opposite effect. This work provides a new idea for the development of novel dietary supplements using functional proteins as flavonoid delivery vectors.


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