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MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 73 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-36
Author(s):  
RANJAN PHUKAN ◽  
D. SAHA

Rainfall in India has very high temporal and spatial variability. The rainfall variability affects the livelihood and food habits of people from different regions. In this study, the rainfall trends in two stations in the north-eastern state of Tripura, namely Agartala and Kailashahar have been studied for the period 1955-2017. The state experiences an annual mean of more than 2000 mm of rainfall, out of which, about 60% occurs during the monsoon season and about 30% in pre-monsoon. An attempt has been made to analyze the trends in seasonal and annual rainfall, rainy days and heavy rainfall in the two stations, during the same period.Non-parametric Mann-Kendall test has been used to find out the significance of these trends. Both increasing and decreasing trends are observed over the two stations. Increasing trends in rainfall, rainy days and heavy rainfall are found at Agartala during pre-monsoon season and decreasing trends in all other seasons and at annual scale. At Kailashahar, rainfall amount (rainy days & heavy rainfall) is found to be increasing during pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons (pre-monsoon season). At annual scale also, rainfall and rainy days show increasing trends at Kailashahar. The parameters are showing decreasing trends during all other seasons at the station. Rainy days over Agartala show a significantly decreasing trend in monsoon, whereas no other trend is found to be significant over both the stations.  


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 73 (1) ◽  
pp. 79-82
Author(s):  
RAJESH KHAVSE ◽  
J.L. CHAUDHARY

Climate change is a natural phenomenon but in present decades its variability of change mainly due to anthropogenic activities is alarming. Agriculture of Chhattisgarh state is mainly dependant on monsoon rain and its distribution. Considering this fact, the present study  has been tried to analyze the most important climatic variables,              viz., precipitation and temeperature for analyzing their trend in the area. The trends of maximum atmospheric temperature, rainfall and rainy days are analysed statistically for meteorological data of Jagdalpur station of Bastar district, over last three decades stretching between years 1980 to 2014. The long term change in temperature, rainfall and rainy days has been analysed by correlation and linear trend analysis. The annual MMAX temperature has decreased at a rate of -0.465 °C per year during this period at Jagdalpur station and decreasing trend for rainy days during monsoonal season (June to September) is also found and is confirmed by Mann-Kendall trend test. Very weak increasing trend is observed in total month rainfall (TMRF) during season June to September. There are decreasing trends of mean monthly rainfall and south west (June - September) rainfall observed in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. The agricultural planning and utilization of water is dependent on monsoon rainfall and more than 75% of rainfall occurring during the monsoon season is uneven both in time and space. Therefore its analysis is important for crop planning.  


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 73 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-58
Author(s):  
NEERAJ KUMAR ◽  
S.K. CHANDRAWANSHI

The analysis will be conducted for standard weekly (SW) 22 to 47 of monsoon and post monsoon season at south Gujarat. The standard weekly rainy days analysis of binomial distribution for monsoon season of Navsari on chi-square test on binomial distribution was found in standard week (SW) 22 to 31, 33 and standard week (SW) 35 to 39 and post monsoon in standard week (SW) 41 to 44 shows significant. The result also reveals that the monsoon season SW 32 and 34 and post monsoon season SW 40, 45, 46 and 47 revealed non-significant result. Analysis reveals the rainfall is not equally distributed during SW 32, 34, 40, 45, 16 and 47, so that the test of binomial distribution is a good fit. Monsoon season rainfall data of Navsari, Bharuch and Valsad reveals that the normal distribution at 10, 20 and 30% probability levels for the month of June, July, August and September shows the possibility of increasing rainy days occurrence. The Navsari and Bharuch districts during post monsoon season rainfall of months of October and November reveals decreasing tendency except Valsad district. The binomial distribution fit only those standard weeks in which rainfall is not equally distributed. The standard weekly rainy days analysis of binomial distribution on chi-square test in Bharuch was found that standard week (SW) 25 only 10% of monsoon season and in post monsoon standard week (SW) 42 and 47 shows non significant (5 and 10% level of significant) result, but SW 25 found significant at 5% level. In case of Valsad district, standard week 22 to 39 of monsoon season and in post monsoon season 41, 42, 43 and 46 standard weeks shows significant result. The result reveals that the monsoon season of Bharuch standard weeks 22 to 39 except from 25 and post monsoon 40, 41, 43, 44, 45 and 46 shows significant result. Further, in Valsad district standard weeks 40, 44, 45 and 47 shows significant result. The trend analysis of rainy days shows that increasing trend in monsoon season and decreasing trend in post monsoon season of Navsari, Bharuch and Valsad districts. From above results observed that the rainfall distribution is not equally distributed so test of binomial distribution at above given standard week is a good fit. The data also shows that, decreasing tendency in rainfall was observed except Valsad district. 


Eos ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 103 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jenessa Duncombe
Keyword(s):  

Research reveals the tenuous connection between a country’s day-to-day weather and its production.


2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
SARABJOT KAUR SANDHU ◽  
ANURAG ATTRI ◽  
RITU BALA

To quantify the effect of meteorological parameters on incidence of Karnal bunt in wheat crop, an investigation was done using 9 to 12 season’s data of Bathinda and Ludhiana stations of Punjab. Maximum temperature during March in range of 25-31oC, minimum temperature of February (8.5-11.0oC), morning and evening relative humidity of March in range of 85-95 and 40-60 per cent respectively, rainfall more than 25 mm with sunshine hours 5.5-9.0 hrs/day during mid February to mid March favour Karnal bunt in wheat crop. Maximum temperature of March showed significant negative correlation with incidence of Karnal bunt whereas minimum temperature of February showed significant positive correlation with disease incidence at both locations. Morning and evening relative humidity showed significant positive correlation with disease incidence. Rain amount and rainy days during mid February to mid March significantly influenced disease incidence. Sunshine hours had negative correlation with disease incidence. Backward multiple linear regression (BMLR) analysis indicated maximum temperature, rainfall and sunshine hours play significant role in Karnal bunt incidence at Ludhiana. However, at Bathinda, maximum temperature, evening time relative humidity, rain amount and rainy days played significant role.


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 46 (3) ◽  
pp. 275-278
Author(s):  
R. C. DUBEY ◽  
A. CHOWDHURY ◽  
J. D. KALE

ABSTRACT. The cotton yield of 12 years (1975-1987), for five districts in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, was taken for statistical-regression study. It is found that the higher temperature during first fortnight of September, which is period of budding and flowering is favourable for better yield. The cooler nights during second fortnight of October, when the crop is generally in fruiting stage, also help in good increases in final cotton yield. Higher rainfall, dufing last week of June to first week of July, when the crop is in the germination period, causing logging, reduces the seedling and more number of rainy days in second fortnight of December hamper the bolll bursting and thus al1ecting the cotton yield adversely.  


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 46 (3) ◽  
pp. 253-256
Author(s):  
C. K. RAJAN ◽  
BINDU G.

ABSTRACT. Rainfall data for a period of 50 years from 1931 onwards have been analysed for three west, coast stations in Kerala for the southwest monsoon period, The period is divided into two halves, the first half, i.e.June-July, providing comparatively more rainfall  and the second half, i.e. August-September, providing comparatively lesser rainfall. Rainy days, having rain amounts>6.25 cm/day, have only been utilized for this study. The lunar cycle, which is having 29.53 days, is divided into ten phases, each phase constituting of around three days. To consider the effect of solar activity, the period is divided into active and quiet sun by considering those years with sunspot number greater than the upper quartile and those with sunspot number less than the lower quartile respectively. The data were analysed using x2 test. It describes the magnitude of the discrepancy between theory and observation. Analysis has shown that there is some statistical significance between heavy rainfall and lunar cycle. The effect is more significant in active sun period which shows the effect of solar activity also.  


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 63 (3) ◽  
pp. 377-390
Author(s):  
A.K. JASWAL ◽  
S.R. BHAMBAK ◽  
M.K. GUJAR ◽  
S.H. MOHITE ◽  
S. ANANTHARAMAN ◽  
...  

Climate normals are used to describe the average climatic conditions of a particular place and are computed by National Meteorological Services of all countries. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) recommends that all countries prepare climate normals for the 30-year periods ending in 1930, 1960, 1990 and so on, for which the WMO World Climate Normals are published. Recently, Climatological Normals for the period 1961-1990 have been prepared by India Meteorological Department (IMD) which will change the baseline of comparison from 1951-1980. In this paper, preparation of the 30-year Climatological Normals of India for the period 1961 to 1990 and spatial patterns of differences of annual means of temperatures, relative humidity, clouds, rainfall and wind speed from the previous normals (1951-1980) are documented.The changes from earlier climatological normals indicate increase in annual means of maximum temperature, relative humidity and decrease in annual means of minimum temperature, cloud amount, rainfall, rainy days and wind speed over large parts of the country during 1961-1990. The spatial patterns of changes in dry bulb temperatures and relative humidity are complementary over most parts of the country. Compared with 1951-1980 climatology, there are large scale decreases in annual mean rainfall, rainy days and wind speed over most parts of the country during 1961-1990. The decrease in wind speed may be partly due to changes in exposure conditions of observatories due to urbanization.


MAUSAM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 44 (1) ◽  
pp. 85-92
Author(s):  
E. O. OLADIPO ◽  
S. SALAHU

The spatial and temporal variations of rainy Gays arid daily rainfall intensity for northern Nigeria for using 54 years data are analysed, The extent and nature of non-random changes, such as trend and fluctuations are Investigated. In general, both, the rainy day frequency and mean daily rainfall intensity decreases northwards except for localized orographic effect in the north central Part of the region. There is statistical evidence or decreasing trend in the, number of rainy days over the period of study, but the trend analysis showed no significance or the mean daily rainfall intensity. This suggests that the recent decreasing rainfall trend In the region particularly In the Sahellan zone, In the result of decrease In the frequency of rainy days and not due to any significant change In the rainfall intensity.  


MAUSAM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 44 (1) ◽  
pp. 53-60
Author(s):  
A. CHOWDHURY ◽  
H. P. DAS ◽  
S.S. SINGH

In the present study, principal component analysis has been applied to agroclimatic variables for delineating India into homogeneous agroclimatic zones for kharif crops. The vaTiates chosen were soil moisture, water need of the crops, number of rainy days and radiation. Spatial variability of some of these factors has been discussed. Vector 1 and vector 2 were obtained for each of the three separate sets of the variates and plotted to obtain grid maps. Through a process of successive superimposition of these maps, agro-climatic zones have been obtained.  


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