Dissolution Rate
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Pharmaceutics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 203
Simona Ioniţă ◽  
Daniel Lincu ◽  
Raul-Augustin Mitran ◽  
Laila Ziko ◽  
Nada K. Sedky ◽  

Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol, has attracted significant attention due to its antioxidant, cardioprotective and anticancer potential. However, its low aqueous solubility limits resveratrol bioavailability and use. In this work, different mesoporous silica matrices were used to encapsulate the polyphenol and to increase its dissolution rate. Pristine MCM-41, MCM-48, SBA-15, SBA-16, FDU-12 and MCF silica were obtained. The influence of SBA-15 functionalized with aminopropyl, isocyanate, phenyl, mercaptopropyl, and propionic acid moieties on resveratrol loading and release profiles was also assessed. The cytotoxic effects were evaluated for mesoporous carriers and resveratrol-loaded samples against human lung cancer (A549), breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) and human skin fibroblast (HSF) cell lines. The effect on apoptosis and cell cycle were assayed for selected resveratrol-loaded carriers. The polyphenol molecules are encapsulated only inside the mesopores, mostly in amorphous state. All materials containing either pristine or functionalized silica carriers increased polyphenol dissolution rate. The influence of the physico-chemical properties of the mesoporous carriers and resveratrol–loaded supports on the kinetic parameters was identified. [email protected] and [email protected] samples exhibited the highest anticancer effect against A549 cells (IC50 values were 26.06 and 36.5 µg/mL, respectively) and against MDA-MB-231 (IC50 values were 35.56 and 19.30 µg/mL, respectively), which highlights their potential use against cancer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
pp. 859-868
Anatoliy Slavyanskiy ◽  
Vera Gribkova ◽  
Natalia Nikolaeva ◽  
Daria Mitroshina

Introduction. Iodine is one of the most important elements for maintaining human health and cognitive skills. Contemporary food industry is looking for new functional foods fortified with macro- and micronutrients. Confectionery products occupy a fairly large segment of human diet. The present research objective was to substitute traditional white sugar with an experimental granulated sugar-containing product that contained maltodextrin, cane molasses, and Japanese kelp extract. This substitute could reduce the calorie content of jelly and increase its functional properties while maintaining its sensory profile, e.g. consistency, increasing its shelf-life, and simplifying the tec hnological process. Study objects and methods. Granulated sugar-containing product is a new component for the confectionery industry, but its effect on technological processes is unpredictable. The research featured an experimental granulated sugar-containing product with maltodextrin, cane molasses, and Japanese kelp. The growth rate of granules and their structure were studied by scanning microscopy and radiography, the granulometric composition and solubility – by determining the relative dissolution rate, the effect of the granulated sugar-containing product on the sensory and physicochemical parameters of jelly – by refractometry and titrometry. Results and discussion. The experimental granulated sugar-containing product contained sucrose both in crystalline and amorphous state, which affected the distribution of nutrients within the product. The growth rate of granules affected the resulting structure of the product and its solubility, which decreased by 2.5 times as the size of the granules grew. The dissolution rate decreased compared to crystalline sugar. As a result, the technological process of jelly production had to be adjusted. The developed jelly had a lower energy value and better nutritional qualities. The high content of vitamins and macro- and microelements makes it a functional product. The experimental jelly received 22.3 points for sensory profile. Its hysico-chemical parameters (soluble solids < 68%, acidity > 2.2 8%) met the standard requirements for this type of product. Conclusion. The new granulated sugar-containing product simplified the technological process and improved the sanitary, hygienic, and working conditions.

Kamalpreet Kaur ◽  
Taranjit Kaur ◽  
Ajeet Pal Singh ◽  
Amar Pal Singh

The improvement of a pure drug's solubility and dissolution rate in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Simvastatin is a 5-percent absolute bioavailability selective competitive inhibitor of HMG Co-A reductase. For the selection of the carrier, a preliminary solubility investigation of solid dispersion was performed, and solid dispersion was made using Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC) and gum acacia. Solid dispersion of medication with polymer was created and studied for solubility and in-vitro dissolution profile. Solid dispersion of drug with polymer has shown an increase in solubility and improved dissolution rate. On the obtained formulations, further FTIR, X-Ray, Scanning electron microscopy, and Differential scanning calorimetry experiments were conducted. The existence of amorphous form in a solid dispersion made with polymer in a 1:5 ratio is verified by characterization research. The research also showed that using a solid dispersion approach with Polymer, the dissolving rate of a pure medication may be significantly increased.

Shaveta Sharma ◽  
Divya Sharma ◽  
Jyoti Singh

In this paper we have surveyed about formulation and evaluation of Liquisolid formulations and its work in antidiabetics . Mostly poorly water soluble drugs are in research category despite of less dissolution rate and poor bioavailability. Solubility is a vital parameter to develop new formulation as industries faced serious issue regarding the poor aqueous solubility of the drugs. Various methods for solubility enhancement include modifications of the drug, involvement of co-solvents, complexation, salt formation, size reduction. A propitious technique to solve major challenges like solubility, dissolution rate and their bioavailability. This technique can be defined as the conversion of poorly soluble liquid medications into non-adherent, dry, compressible and free flowing powder mixtures with help of excipients. Many anti-diabetic drugs are belonging to BCS Class-II facing challenges like solubility and bioavailability.

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 49
Hanan Fael ◽  
Rafael Barbas ◽  
Rafel Prohens ◽  
Clara Ràfols ◽  
Elisabet Fuguet

A new cocrystal of Norfloxacin, a poorly soluble fluoroquinolone antibiotic, has been synthetized by a solvent-mediated transformation experiment in toluene, using resorcinol as a coformer. The new cocrystal exists in both anhydrous and monohydrate forms with the same (1:1) Norfloxacin/resorcinol stoichiometry. The solubility of Norfloxacin and the hydrated cocrystal were determined by the shake-flask method. While Norfloxacin has a solubility of 0.32 ± 0.02 mg/mL, the cocrystal has a solubility of 2.64 ± 0.39 mg/mL, approximately 10-fold higher. The dissolution rate was tested at four biorelevant pH levels of the gastrointestinal tract: 2.0, 4.0, 5.5, and 7.4. In a first set of comparative tests, the dissolution rate of Norfloxacin and the cocrystal was determined separately at each pH value. Both solid forms showed the highest dissolution rate at pH 2.0, where Norfloxacin is totally protonated. Then, the dissolution rate decreases as pH increases. In a second set of experiments, the dissolution of the cocrystal was evaluated by a unique dissolution test, in which the pH dynamically changed from 2.0 to 7.4, stepping 30 min at each of the four biorelevant pH values. Results were quite different in this case, since dissolution at pH 2 affects the behavior of Norfloxacin at the rest of the pH values.

Shital V. Sonawane ◽  
Avish D. Maru ◽  
Mitesh P. Sonawane

Oral nanosuspension of ritonavir was prepared by antisolvent precipitation method using various polymers such as Eudragit RS100, Poloxamer 407, SLS and Methanol.The effect of eudragit RS100 and poloxamer 407 used stabilizer and SLS is surfactant was investigated on particle size and distribution, drug content, entrapment efficiency was observed. Ritonavir is having low solubility and low permeability drug belonging to class-IV according to BCS. Drug-excipient compatibility and amorphous nature of ritonavir drug is prepared nanosuspension was confirmed by FTIR, DSC and Motic microscope studies, respectively. The nanosuspension was further evaluated for drug content, saturation solubility study and entrapment efficiency. The average particle size of ritonavir nanaosuspensions formulas was observed from 0.006 µm to 0.017 µm. The studied in the solubility and dissolution rate there are the increase solubility and dissolution rate of ritonavir nanosuspension.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (6-S) ◽  
pp. 1-8
TP. Rao ◽  
Buchi N. Nalluri

Both the Valsartan (VAL) and Olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) are widely prescribed anti-hypertensive agents with angiotensin II type I receptor antagonistic activity. Both VAL and OLM are type of BCS class II drugs and having a low and variable oral bioavailability.  Recrystallization of VAL and OLM from different organic solvents improved its aqueous solubility and thereby in vitro dissolution properties. In the present investigation, tablets containing Valsartan (VAL), Olmesartan medoxomil (OLM and)  recrystallized products were prepared by  direct compression method and evaluated for drug content, uniformity of weight, hardness, friability, disintegration time and dissolution properties. All the tablets fulfilled the compendial requirements with regarding to weight variation, friability and disintegration time etc for immediate release tablets.  The DP15 (drug percent dissolved at 15 min) values for V-1 (tablets of VAL), V-4 (tablets of methanol recrystallized product with crospovidone as disintegrant) and DIOVAN™ 40mg tablet formulations are 45.97,  98.95 and 82.65 respectively and V-4 formulation showed higher dissolution rate when compared to other formulations. The DP15 values of O-1(tablets of OLM), O-4 (tablets of acetonitrile recrystallized product with crospovidone as disintegrant and OLMY™ (20mg) tablet formulations are 29.25, 99.93 and 84.82 respectively. O-4 tablet formulations showed higher dissolution rate when compared to other tablet formulations. Keywords: Valsartan, Olmesartan medoxomil, Recrystallization, Aqueous solubility

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