Children And Adolescents
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David Fraile Navarro ◽  
Britta Tendal ◽  
David Tingay ◽  
Nan Vasilunas ◽  
Lorraine Anderson ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 48 (6) ◽  
pp. 623-633
Mary Hooke ◽  
Michelle Mathiason ◽  
Alicia Kunin-Batson ◽  
Audrey Blommer ◽  
Jessica Hutter ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 ◽  
pp. 101155
Qianling Shi ◽  
Zijun Wang ◽  
Jiao Liu ◽  
Xingmei Wang ◽  
Qi Zhou ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. S13
G. Hergenroeder ◽  
J. Cogen ◽  
A. Genatossio ◽  
S. McNamara ◽  
M. Pascual ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (13) ◽  
pp. e582101321275
Ana Carolina Vieira Azevedo ◽  
Giulia Vittoria Ambrogi Pereira ◽  
Mariana Xavier e Silva ◽  
Kristian Sbolli ◽  
Elaine Rossi Ribeiro

Despite growing global efforts to control tobacco use, it remains a common addiction. Passive smoking is the inhalation of smoke from tobacco derivatives by non-smokers, breathing in the same toxic substances that the smoker inhales. The objective of this systematic review was to identify the possible effects of passive smoking on the health of children and adolescents. The PICO tool was used to prepare the research question. The protocol of this study was submitted to PROSPERO and the PRISMA guidelines were followed. The following databases were used: LILACS, MEDLINE and EMBASE. As a result, 493 articles were identified from the last 5 years, 8 articles were removed for being duplicates, 439 articles were excluded for not meeting the inclusion criteria, 8 articles were excluded for poor methodological quality and 38 were included in the study.  It was concluded, as evidence, that passive smoking has negative effects on the health of children and adolescents and was associated with respiratory, infectious, psychoneurocognitive, metabolic, cardiovascular, otorhinolaryngological, allergic disorders and increased mortality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
José Francisco López-Gil ◽  
Antonio García-Hermoso ◽  
Pedro Juan Tárraga-López ◽  
Javier Brazo-Sayavera

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the dietary patterns, adherence to Food-Based Dietary Guidelines, and the ultra-processed consumption during the COVID-19 lockdown among a Spanish young population aged 3–17 years.Methods: Parents/legal guardians of preschoolers, children, and adolescents aged 3–17 years were enrolled through social networks. The eating habits were assessed by a Food Propensity Questionnaire applied in the ENALIA (Encuesta Nacional de Alimentación en la población Infantil y Adolescente) Spanish survey, which aims to collect food intake information and other data about eating habits on children and adolescents (0–18 years old). Participants were dichotomized following the Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for the Spanish young population offered by the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition. The ultra-processed food score was determined following the principles established in the NOVA classification.Results: Data from 604 children and adolescents were included. An association between age group and the recommendations of snacks (p = 0.002), fruits (p = 0.010), and diaries (p < 0.001) was found. Adolescents showed a lower mean compliance with these guidelines than children (p = 0.004) and preschoolers (p < 0.001). Similarly, children reported lower Food-Based Dietary Guidelines than preschoolers (p = 0.015). Regarding ultra-processed consumption, it was also observed a higher intake in adolescents than in children (p = 0.037), as well as in preschoolers (p < 0.001).Conclusions: The associations that were found highlight the low proportion of the young population (especially adolescents) meeting the Food-Based Dietary Guidelines and the high consumption of ultra-processed foods during COVID-19 lockdown.

Children ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (11) ◽  
pp. 951
Sara Rubenstein ◽  
Emily Grew ◽  
Katharine Clouser ◽  
Alexander Kwok ◽  
Aravindhan Veerapandiyan ◽  

Most cases of COVID-19 in children and adolescents are mild or asymptomatic, but a small number of individuals may develop severe disease, requiring PICU admission and/or mechanical ventilation. We assessed the factors associated with negative short-term outcomes of COVID-19 in 82 pediatric patients at three hospitals within the United States during the spring and summer of 2020 using medical records, laboratory data, and imaging studies of all patients admitted with a positive RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2. We found that older patients were more likely to have an extended hospital stay, and those with high BMIs (over 25) were more likely to be admitted to the PICU during the early pandemic. In addition, older patients, those with high BMIs, and those with underlying medical conditions, were more likely to receive respiratory support. Given the association of age, BMI, and underlying medical conditions with more severe COVID-19, clinicians should keep these factors in mind when treating patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (4) ◽  
pp. 613-625
Charles Frank Schuler IV ◽  
Jenny Maribel Montejo

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (4) ◽  
pp. 627-638
Pavadee Poowuttikul ◽  
Divya Seth

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