rolling reduction
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T. W. J. Kwok ◽  
P. Gong ◽  
X. Xu ◽  
J. Nutter ◽  
W. M. Rainforth ◽  

AbstractA novel medium manganese steel with composition Fe–8.3Mn–3.8Al–1.8Si–0.5C–0.06V–0.05Sn was developed and thermomechanically processed through hot rolling and intercritical annealing. The steel possessed a yield strength of 1 GPa, tensile strength of 1.13 GPa and ductility of 41 pct. In order to study the effect of cold rolling after intercritical annealing on subsequent tensile properties, the steel was further cold rolled up to 20 pct reduction. After cold rolling, it was observed that the strain hardening rate increased continuously with increasing cold rolling reduction but without a significant drop in ductility during subsequent tensile tests. The microstructural evolution with cold rolling reduction was analysed to understand the mechanisms behind this phenomena. It was found that cold rolling activated additional twinning systems which provided a large number of potent nucleation sites for strain induced martensite to form during subsequent tensile tests in what can be described as an enhanced TRIP effect.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
pp. 3099-3109
Duoduo Wang ◽  
Qunbo Fan ◽  
Lin Yang ◽  
Haichao Gong ◽  
Jingjiu Yuan ◽  

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 1209
Xiang Chang ◽  
Wenzhi Fu ◽  
Mingzhe Li ◽  
Xintong Wang ◽  
Weifeng Yang ◽  

Rolling technology based on arc-shaped rollers is a novel method for rapid manufacturing of 3D curved parts. The method uses a pair of arc-shaped rollers (a convex roller and a concave roller) as forming tools, forming an unevenly distributed roll gap. The sheet metal has both transverse bending and longitudinal uneven extension during rolling, so that surface parts with double curvature are processed. The curvature of the formed surface part can be changed by changing the rolling reduction. Changing the vertical distance between the rollers will cause the overall change of the roll gap height, which will inevitably have a great impact on the forming effect of formed 3D curved parts. In this paper, a finite element model and experiment with different rolling reductions was designed; the influence of rolling reduction on the bending deformation and shape accuracy of formed 3D curved parts was studied. The results show that, with the slight increase of rolling reduction (from 0.04 to 0.12 mm), the longitudinal bending deformation of the formed 3D curved part increases significantly, but its transversal bending is almost not affected. When the maximum rolling reduction is 0.04 and 0.06 mm (the corresponding minimum rolling reduction is less than or equal to zero), the shape accuracy of the formed 3D curved parts is not good enough; when the maximum rolling reduction is greater than 0.06 mm (the corresponding minimum rolling reduction is greater than zero), the shape accuracy of the formed 3D curved parts is significantly better. This indicates that, for the rolling of 3D curved parts based on arc-shaped rollers, ensuring that the minimum rolling reduction is greater than zero is the key to ensuring good shape accuracy of the formed 3D curved parts.

Qingwei Jiang ◽  
Xiaohong Li ◽  
Peng Yang ◽  
Sheng Zhang ◽  
Min Li

In this study, the microstructure, the shear strength and Vickers-hardness of TA1/Q235B clad plates under different first pass rolling reduction ratio (FP3R) were investigated. The microstructure and bonding interface were analyzed by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The Vickers-hardness and tensile shear strength were also detected. The result indicated a good bonding along the interface of the bonded with flat and smooth under different reduction ratio. The shear strength of the TA1/Q235B clad plate increases with the increase of reduction ratio which was 189 MPa at maximum. The maximum Vickers-hardness was approximately 198.7 HV. The thickness of Ti and Fe diffusion layer increases from 2.6 to 3.65 [Formula: see text]m and 2.1 to 3.3 [Formula: see text]m, respectively. TiC and Fe-Ti intermetallic compounds were formed at the bonding interface due to diffusion of Fe, Ti and C, causing micro-indentation at the interface to initiate cracking and diffusion, and reduced the bonding quality.

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (6) ◽  
pp. 957
Guanghua Zhou ◽  
Wenting Wei ◽  
Qinglong Liu

Hot rolling can improve the mechanical properties after heat treatment by improving the microstructure. The effect of hot rolling (HR) deformation on the microstructural transformation of G20CrNi2MoA bearing steel in the subsequent CQT (carburizing-quenching and tempering) and RQT (reheating-quenching and tempering) processes was studied. The results indicate that the austenite grain size decreased by 20% after 45% hot rolling reduction, and the number of large-angle grain boundaries increased due to the recovery and recrystallization induced by hot deformation. The refinement effect of hot deformation on austenite grains was retained after dual austenitizing, and the large-angle grain boundaries and massive dislocation in the grains caused by hot deformation promoted the diffusion of carbon atoms during carburization, resulting in a higher surface carbon concentration. The refined grains and higher carbon concentration affected the volume fraction and size of undissolved carbides in RQT specimens. When the initial hot rolling reduction reached 45%, the average particle size of carbides decreased by 40%, and the area volume fraction increased by 37%. The Vickers hardness increased, but the friction coefficient and wear rate were significantly reduced with the increase in the initial hot rolling reduction. The main reasons for the improved wear resistance were fine grains, superior carbide distribution and high hardness.

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