General Population
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2021 ◽  
Vol 51 ◽  
pp. e138
Fenja Schlag ◽  
Andrea Allegrini ◽  
Jan Buitelaar ◽  
Ellen Verhoef ◽  
Marjolein van Donkelaar ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 330-339
Ligita Gasparėnienė ◽  
Snieguolė Matulienė ◽  
Eigirdas Žemaitis

3.81 billion or 49.03 percent of people around the world in 2020 have been using social media platforms. On average, everyone has 8.6 accounts on social media platforms. In today’s world, social media platforms control a large part of life, one of which is job search. Job searches through social media platforms are already completing the elimination of older traditional job search methods, and the social network LinkedIn, which has become an interactive resume, is slowly outpacing resumes and cover letters in terms of the ability to share recommendations and various expertise. Employers are increasingly posting open job positions on social media platforms, making job postings simple and easily accessible to all users of social media platforms. The main goal of the presented paper is to introduce the recommendations for developing the process of job search through social media platforms using quantitative analysis. This article highlights the concept and peculiarities of social media platforms, advantaged and disadvantages of job search through SMP. The factors influencing job search through social media platforms were presented and analyzed according to the survey, steps for the further development were presented as well. Recommendation to improve the process of job search were provided after theoretical, methodological and empirical part. The results of the research will help to define the main advantages and disadvantages of job search through SMP from general population of Lithuania, also main concerns regarding its usage were determined. It is faster and easier to find the job through SMP, although do not like that it is necessary to keep an eye on their profile page in the social media, so privacy concern was defined as the biggest disadvantage. The article used the following methods: scientific literature review, quantative analysis (survey).

2021 ◽  
Nicholas Cauwenberghs ◽  
Sarah Godderis ◽  
František Sabovčik ◽  
Véronique Cornelissen ◽  
Tatiana Kuznetsova

2021 ◽  
pp. 070674372110434
Christophe Huỳnh ◽  
Steve Kisely ◽  
Louis Rochette ◽  
Éric Pelletier ◽  
Kenneth B. Morrison ◽  

Context Assessing temporal changes in the recorded diagnostic rates, incidence proportions, and health outcomes of substance-related disorders (SRD) can inform public health policymakers in reducing harms associated with alcohol and other drugs. Objective To report the annual and cumulative recorded diagnostic rates and incidence proportions of SRD, as well as mortality rate ratios (MRRs) by cause of death among this group in Canada, according to their province of residence. Methods Analyses were performed on linked administrative health databases (AHD; physician claims, hospitalizations, and vital statistics) in five Canadian provinces (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, and Nova Scotia). Canadians 12 years and older and registered for their provincial healthcare coverage were included. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9 or ICD-10 codes) was used for case identification of SRD from April 2001 to March 2018. Results During the study period, the annual recorded SRD diagnostic rates increased in Alberta (2001–2002: 8.0‰; 2017–2018: 12.8‰), Ontario (2001–2002: 11.5‰; 2017–2018: 14.4‰), and Nova Scotia (2001–2002: 6.4‰; 2017–2018: 12.7‰), but remained stable in Manitoba (2001–2002: 5.5‰; 2017–2018: 5.4‰) and Québec (2001–2002 and 2017–2018: 7.5‰). Cumulative recorded SRD diagnostic rates increased steadily for all provinces. Recorded incidence proportions increased significantly in Alberta (2001–2002: 4.5‰; 2017–2018: 5.0‰) and Nova Scotia (2001–2002: 3.3‰; 2017–2018: 3.8‰), but significantly decreased in Ontario (2001–2002: 6.2‰; 2017–2018: 4.7‰), Québec (2001–2002: 4.1‰; 2017–2018: 3.2‰) and Manitoba (2001–2002: 2.7‰; 2017–2018: 2.0‰). For almost all causes of death, a higher MRR was found among individuals with recorded SRD than in the general population. The causes of death in 2015–2016 with the highest MRR for SRD individuals were SRD, suicide, and non-suicide trauma in Alberta, Ontario, Manitoba, and Québec. Discussion Linked AHD covering almost the entire population can be useful to monitor the medical service trends of SRD and, therefore, guide health services planning in Canadian provinces.

2021 ◽  
Kenneth K.H. LAI ◽  
Emmy Y.M. Li ◽  
Regine Y.C. Chan ◽  
Kenneth C.W. Wong ◽  
Jimmy K.S. Yu ◽  

Abstract Purpose: Clinical phenotypes in Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) according to the affected organs affected have different risks of malignancies. We attempt to determine the association of malignances with IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD). Design: Retrospective cohort study. Methods: Review of medical records, orbital images and histopathology reports in a territory-wide cohort of patients fulfilling the “probable” or “definite” comprehensive diagnostic criteria of IgG4-RD from 2005-2019. Findings: Among 122 patients who had biopsies taken from adnexal lesions including lacrimal glands (n=108), orbital mass (n=30), infiltrated orbital fat (n=10), conjunctiva (n=2) or extraocular muscles (n=3), 16 (13%) developed malignancies over 73±48months’ follow-up. There were 9 cases of ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) and 7 extra-orbital malignancies. Compared with the general population, the incidence of OAL was significantly higher (standardized incidence ratios, SIRs=10.0, 95%CI=4.5-17.6) while that of extraorbital malignancy was similar. The SIR was highest within the first year (SIR=46.7, 95%CI=18.5-87.6) when 7 OAL were concomitantly diagnosed. Patients who developed OAL or extra-orbital malignancies were older than other patients when diagnosed of IgG4-ROD (64.9±7.1, 68.3±8.5 versus 55.2±15.0 years, p<0.05). Asymmetric lacrimal gland enlargement (78% versus 13%), lack of frontal (0% versus 12%) or infraorbital nerve enlargement (0% versus 36%)were associated with OAL (all p<0.05). Pre-treatment serum IgG4 level or pattern of extraorbital involvement was similar among patients with or without malignancies. Conclusion: In this biopsy-proven IgG4-ROD cohort, 7% developed OAL which was 10 times higher than the general population. Patients with asymmetric lacrimal gland enlargement or without trigeminal nerves involvement radiologically were associated with OAL.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 79
Triningsih Setiawati ◽  
Khairina Khairina ◽  
Syarifah Aini

              Schizoaffective disorder is a mental disorder accompanied by schizophrenic and affective symptoms that both stand out at one time. Affective symptoms that appear are manic, depressive or both. The prevalence of patients with schizoaffective disorder is about 0.3% of the general population. Women suffer more from schizoaffective disorder and usually suffer from depressive type schizoaffective disorder. The case that will be discussed here is a young adult woman who first suffered from a schizoaffective mixed type disorder. The difficulty faced in handling this case is to provide an understanding of the patient and family about schizoaffective disorders and how patients take medication regularly for a long time. Therefore, a biopsychosocial approach is considered the most suitable to overcome the difficulties in handling this case.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xin Shen ◽  
Shijiao Yan ◽  
Hui Cao ◽  
Jing Feng ◽  
Zihui Lei ◽  

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has contributed to depression and anxiety among the general population in China. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of these psychological problems among Chinese adults during the period of low transmission, which could reflect the long-term depression and anxiety of the COVID-19 outbreak.Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in China from 4 to 26 February 2021. Convenient sampling strategy was adopted to recruit participators. Participants were asked to filled out the questions that assessed questionnaire on the residents’ depression and anxiety.Results: A total of 2,361 residents filled out the questionnaire. The mean age was 29.72 years (SD = 6.94) and majority of respondents were female (60.10%). Among the respondents, 421 (17.83%), 1470 (62.26%), and 470 (19.91%) were from eastern, central, and western China, respectively. 1704 (72.17%) consented COVID-19 information has been disclosed timely. 142 (6.01%) and 130 (5.51%) patients suffered from depression and anxiety symptoms. Furthermore, some influencing factors were found, including marital status, place of residence, employment status.Conclusion: This study revealed that anxiety and depression still are potential depression and anxiety for some residents, which suggested early recognition and initiation of interventions during the period of low transmission is still indispensable.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Leonardo Pellicciari ◽  
Alessandro Chiarotto ◽  
Emanuele Giusti ◽  
Martine H. P. Crins ◽  
Leo D. Roorda ◽  

Abstract Purpose To assess the psychometric properties of the Dutch-Flemish Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System Scale v1.2 – Global Health (PROMIS-GH). Methods The PROMIS-GH (also referred to as PROMIS-10) was administered to 4370 persons from the Dutch general population. Unidimensionality (CFI ≥ 0.95; TLI ≥ 0.95; RMSEA ≤ 0.06; SRMR ≤ 0.08), local independence (residual correlations < 0.20), monotonicity (H > 0.30), model fit with the Graded Response Model (GRM, p < 0.001), internal consistency (alpha > 0.75), precision (total score information across the latent trait), measurement invariance (no Differential Item Functioning [DIF]), and cross-cultural validity (no DIF for language, Dutch vs. United States English) of its subscales, composed of four items each, Global Mental Health (GMH) and Global Physical Health (GPH), were assessed. Results Confirmatory factor analyses, on both subscales, revealed slight departures from unidimensionality for GMH (CFI = 0.98; TLI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.22; SRMR = 0.04) and GPH (CFI = 0.99; TLI = 0.97; RMSEA = 0.12; SRMR = 0.03). Local independence, monotonicity, GRM model fit, internal consistency, precision and cross-cultural validity were supported. However, Global10 (emotional problems) showed misfit on the GMH subscale, while Global08 (fatigue) presented DIF for age. Conclusion The psychometric properties of the PROMIS-GH in the Dutch population were considered acceptable. Sufficient local independence, monotonicity, GRM fit, internal consistency, measurement invariance and cross-cultural validity were found. If future studies find similar results, structural validity of the GMH could be enhanced by improving or replacing Global10 (emotional problems).

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