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BMC Nursing ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Sedigheh Yeganeh ◽  
Camellia Torabizadeh ◽  
Tayebeh Bahmani ◽  
Zahra Molazem ◽  
Hamed Yeganeh Doust ◽  

Abstract Purpose Professional communication and professional values are two basic concepts in operating rooms and should be studied more closely in view of the nature of work and the high circulation of patients in operating rooms. Methods The present work is a descriptive-analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sample was 603 operating room physicians and personnel selected from the public hospitals of Shiraz. The data collection instruments were the 41-item professional communication questionnaire and the 26-item professional values scale. Results The results showed that the operating room nurses and physicians perceived the status of professional communication and professional values to be satisfactory. As for professional communication, the participants’ perception of the domains of mutual respect and trust (p ≤ 0.001), teamwork (p ≤ 0.001), ethical competence (p ≤ 0.017), and workplace conflicts (p ≤ 0.001) was significant. As for professional values, only the dimension of care (p ≤ 0.016) was perceived to be significant. Moreover, a significant positive relationship was found to exist between professional communication and professional values (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion Considering the significance of the concept of professional communication and its connection with professional values, it is recommended that operating room personnel and physicians receive systematic education about professional communication and the harms of destructive attitudes as part of their academic education and afterwards.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Samuel Negash ◽  
Endale Anberber ◽  
Blen Ayele ◽  
Zeweter Ashebir ◽  
Ananya Abate ◽  

Abstract Background The operating room (OR) is one of the most expensive areas of a hospital, requiring large capital and recurring investments, and necessitating efficient throughput to reduce costs per patient encounter. On top of increasing costs, inefficient utilization of operating rooms results in prolonged waiting lists, high rate of cancellation, frustration of OR personnel as well as increased anxiety that negatively impacts the health of patients. This problem is magnified in developing countries, where there is a high unmet surgical need. However, no system currently exists to assess operating room utilization in Ethiopia. Methodology A prospective study was conducted over a period of 3 months (May 1 to July 31, 2019) in a tertiary hospital. Surgical case start time, end time, room turnover time, cancellations and reason for cancellation were observed to evaluate the efficiency of eight operating rooms. Results A total of 933 elective procedures were observed during the study period. Of these, 246 were cancelled, yielding a cancellation rate of 35.8%. The most common reasons for cancellation were related to lack of OR time and patient preparation (8.7% and 7.7% respectively). Shortage of facilities (instrument, blood, ICU bed) were causes of cancelation in 7.7%. Start time was delayed in 93.4% (mean 8:56 am ± 52 min) of cases. Last case completion time was early in 47.9% and delayed in 20.6% (mean 2:54 pm ± 156 min). Turnover time was prolonged in 34.5% (mean 25 min ± 49 min). Total operating room utilization ranged from 10.5% to 174%. Operating rooms were underutilized in 42.7% while overutilization was found in 14.6%. Conclusion We found a high cancellation rate, most attributable to late start times leading to delays for the remainder of cases, and lack of preoperative patient preparation. In a setting with a high unmet burden of surgical disease, OR efficiency must be maximized with improved patient evaluation workflows, adequate OR staffing and commitment to punctual start times. We recommend future quality improvement projects focusing on these areas to increase OR efficiency.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 76-84
S. S. Sarycheva

This survey is devoted to the staff radiation protection in X-ray operating rooms. For self-safety staff must regularly and correctly use the protective equipment, which is ensured by their availability, convenience and manoeuvrability during procedures performing. The rapid development of interventional radiology led to the fact that the staff work in this area have one of the highest levels of occupational exposure. Unfortunately, domestic radiation protection system does not keep pace with such a rapid development of this branch of medicine. The article shows the basic principles of the distribution of scattered radiation in the X-ray operating room during the procedures performing. The distribution of scattered radiation around the patient for various modes of C-arm angiographic systems is shown. Graphical examples of scattered radiation distribution in X-ray operating rooms are given. Collective and individual protective equipment specifically designed for staff radiation protection in X-ray operating room are considered in detail. The common data on the protection features of the recommended staff protection equipment are presented. Most of the considered protection equipment is mandatory in many European countries, but not mentioned in domestic regulatory documents yet. The proposals for the modernization of the domestic radiation protection system for staff of X-ray operating rooms have been made. These recommendations focused on providing X-ray operating rooms with relevant radiation protection equipment, including eye protection, following the accumulated world experience and international regulations.

2021 ◽  
Hessam Bavafa ◽  
Lerzan Örmeci ◽  
Sergei Savin ◽  
Vanitha Virudachalam

How to Assess the Benefits of Coordination in Managing Hospital Resources In providing patient care, hospitals rely on multiple types of resources, such as operating rooms, recovery beds, labs, and diagnostic equipment, that are often controlled and managed as separate entities and by different decision makers. In “Surgical Case-Mix and Discharge Decisions: Does Within-Hospital Coordination Matter?” Hessam Bavafa, Lerzan Örmeci, Sergei Savin, and Vanitha Virudachalam focus on the interaction between “front-end’’ resources, such as operating rooms, and “backroom’’ resources, such as recovery beds, and compare hospital profitability under the fully coordinated, optimal approach to hospital resource management and under alternative decentralized approaches often encountered in practice. The paper identifies settings in which the benefits of coordination are likely to be high as well as settings in which those benefits are at best moderate. In a given hospital, only hospital managers are in a position to estimate with any degree of certainty potential costs of coordinated management of hospital resources, and the paper’s analysis of the benefits of coordination empowers hospital managers to make informed decisions on the desirability of replacing the often decentralized “status quo” by centralized resource management.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (12) ◽  
pp. 1-11
Abhijeet Tavare ◽  
Jaideep J Pandit

Background/Aims Operating theatres represent a large proportion of NHS healthcare resources, so there has been focus on reducing costs in this area. This, in part, relies on managers having knowledge of the relevant costs in operating rooms. This study aimed to gauge the level of familiarity regarding costs among the various tiers of managers of NHS operating theatres, and if this information informed their decision making. Methods A semi-structured interview was administered to 12 finance managers, theatre managers and board members across 16 separate hospitals, representing six NHS trusts. Responses were reviewed through qualitative analysis by the authors. Findings The respondents showed very limited knowledge of operating theatre costs, with nearly all being unable to use cost data to inform either daily or longer-term strategic decision making. In particular, the costs of under- or over-running operating lists were not known. Conclusions The study suggests that heuristics of operating theatre management are, in practice, not influenced by costs. Instead, the resulting cost balance appears to be a passive consequence of decision-making based on other factors. This has significant implications for cost reduction initiatives and suggests an urgent need for improvement.

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (6) ◽  
pp. 45-53
Michael T. Ring ◽  
Dale M. Pfrimmer

Background Propofol is a drug of diversion because of its high-volume use, lack of prescribed control mechanisms, and accessibility. As a result, intensive care unit nurses and other health care professionals are placed at unnecessary risk. Decreasing the risk of drug diversion can save lives, licenses, and livelihoods. Local Problem Objectives were to reduce the risk of drug diversion and diminish the environmental impact of medication discarded down the sink. Disposing of residual propofol into activated carbon pouches was successful and sustainable in operating rooms at the study institution. Literature findings supported this intervention because of propofol’s potential for abuse, ongoing diversion events, ease of access, poor control mechanisms, lack of standardization, excessive waste, and ecological impact. Methods The intensive care unit with the highest propofol use was selected to replicate the propofol disposal process used in the operating rooms. Activated carbon pouches and bottle cap removal tools were located in each intensive care unit room at the nurses’ workstation for ease of use. Audits of unsecured waste bins and staff surveys of institutional policy awareness, disposal processes, barriers, and concerns were completed before and after the intervention. Results Survey results determined significant concern for drug diversion risk. The pilot project displayed success: 44.1% of propofol bottles in waste bins were full before the intervention and 0% were full afterward. Conclusion Following institutional approval, this propofol disposal process was replicated in all intensive care units and the emergency department in the study institution.

2021 ◽  
pp. 100068
Alexis Burguburu ◽  
Christèle Tanné ◽  
Kevin Bosc ◽  
Justine Laplaud ◽  
Melina Roth ◽  

Hairil Rizal Abdullah ◽  
Sean Shao Wei Lam ◽  
Ang Boon Yew ◽  
Ahmadreza Pourghaderi ◽  
Francis Ngoc Hoang Long Nguyen ◽  

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