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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Siti Maryam Mohamad Azmi ◽  
Suhaiza Ismail

Purpose This paper aims to systematically analyze the weaknesses of public procurement in Malaysia as reported in the Auditor General’s Reports from 2011 until 2018. Specifically, the study examines the types of weaknesses, the modes of public procurement involved with the weaknesses, the procurement categories involved with the weaknesses and the key recommendations to mitigate the weaknesses in public procurement. Design/methodology/approach A document analysis was adopted in achieving the objective. The Auditor General’s reports and the reports of activities of federal ministries/departments published by the National Audit Department, Malaysia from the year 2011 until 2018 are the main documents used in this study. The data gathered were analyzed using frequency distribution and displayed with descriptive statistics and relevant graphs. Findings The findings of the study revealed that the top five reported are non-compliance to scope, specifications and terms of contracts; delayed completion/non-completion of project; poor documentation; low quality of products, service and work; and little or no prior planning. It is also found that direct negotiation mode was reported with the highest issues of public procurement, while the procurement mode with the least public procurement weaknesses is direct purchase. Moreover, it was found that work category is the highest with public procurement issues reported compared to supplies and services. The top recommendations given by the Auditor General were to improve internal control, to enhance monitoring, to establish planning in details, to improve assets management and to take appropriate actions toward contractors and procurement officers when needed. Originality/value This is among a few studies that attempted to systematically examine the main issues regarding the public procurement activities in Malaysia. This study highlighted pertinent aspects of the public procurement activities, which need close attention by the relevant authorities to ensure efficient and effective public procurement.


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 53 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-30
Author(s):  
P. K. BHARGAVA

A detailed statistical analysis of monthly average wind speed data of monsoon period (June-September) for the year 1921-90  for 57 stations spread all over India have been reported. Probability densities, average wind speeds, standard deviations, kurtosis and  skewness of wind speed frequency distribution for each station have been worked out. Histograms depicting relative frequency distribution of average wind speeds have also been prepared. It is observed  that the different histograms do not exhibit any similarity among themselves indicating thereby  that no single distribution is uniformly applicable for all the stations. It is also seen that the average  wind speeds during monsoon period over major part of India  varies from 7 to 14 kmph. Further, at most of the stations average monsoon  wind speed is generally higher than average annual wind speeds. It is also noted that most of the time the wind speed exceeds 10 kmph in coastal regions of Gujarat and southern parts of the peninsular India. The information generated is of multi fold application such as (i) Identification of sites suitable for installation of Wind Energy Conversion Systems  (ii) Development of Driving Rain Index and (iii) Design of buildings for creating comfortable environment indoors.


Perspektif ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
pp. 264-272
Author(s):  
Koen Adi Suryo

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara motivasi kerja karyawan dengan kompensasi. Penelitian dilakukan di “PT PAI”. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh karyawan PT ”PAI”, sampel sebanyak 20 orang karyawan diambil dengan teknik convenience sampling. Perangkat pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah perangkat kuesioner. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dan induktif. Perangkat analisis data yang digunakan adalah tabel distribusi frekuensi dan korelasi Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan positif kuat sebesar 0,983 dan signifikan antara motivasi kerja karyawan dengan kompensasinya pada PT ”PAI”. Abstract This study aims to determine the relationship between employee motivation and compensation. The research was conducted at "PT PAI." This research is descriptive. The population in this study were all employees of PT "PAI." A sample of 20 employees was taken using the convenience sampling technique. The data collection device used is a questionnaire device, and the method used is descriptive and inductive methods. Data analysis tools used are frequency distribution table and Spearman correlation. The results showed a strong positive relationship of 0.983 and significant between employee motivation and compensation at PT "PAI."


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Author(s):  
Servais Dieu-Donné Yédia DADJO

This research work investigates pragmatic transfers in Okedokun’s Mopelola: The Tale of a Beauty Goddess. It aims at identifying, analyzing and interpreting pragmatic features through which specific meanings are conveyed in the selected play. In the attempt to reach this goal, the data are randomly collected from the whole play on the basis of a quantitative method. Then, the statistical results are qualitatively discussed and interpreted in terms of their frequency distribution. The findings show a predominance of pragmatic transfer of loan words representing 33.33% followed by proverbs 32.14% and loan-blends 16.16%. Transfers of greetings, insults and apology are low as they represent respectively 3.57%, 3.57%, and 2.38% whereas other transfers such as request, gratitude, offer, blaming/reproaching and advice are almost nonexistent. The high proportions of loan words as well as proverbs suggest the author’s determination to value Yoruba culture and tradition. The almost important proportion of loan-blends constitutes a strategy for the author to attract readers’ attention on the various authentic Yoruba expressions. The presence of transfer in greetings stresses the peculiarity of Yoruba culture characterized by the expression of profound respect to elderly people. On the other hand, the presence of insults indicates that though Yoruba culture is characterized by the expression of profound respect, some Yoruba people, as the black sheep, do develop arrogance in contradiction to their culture.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Zhang ◽  
Chunwen Lin ◽  
Rong Chen ◽  
Ling Luo ◽  
Jialu Huang ◽  
...  

Abstract Aim The association of polymorphisms in the three genes of SOCS3, JAK2 and STAT3 with genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was explored, and its interaction with environmental factors such as hypertension and triglycerides was analyzed. Methods The Hardy–Weinberg balance test was used to analyze the random balance of genes in the population. The analysis of the association of SNPs with T2DM was performed using Pearson’s chi-square test. Haplotype frequency distribution, SNPs-SNPs interaction and environmental factors were analyzed by chi-square test and logistic regression. Results The genotype distribution of SNPs rs2280148 of the SOCS3 gene was statistically significant. The allele frequency distribution of SNPs (rs4969168/rs2280148) was statistically different. After covariate correction, the SOCS3 gene locus (rs4969168) showed an association with T2DM in additive model, while the rs2280148 locus showed an association with T2DM in all three models. The locus (rs10974914/rs10815157) allele and genotype frequency distribution of JAK2 were statistically significant. After covariate correction, two SNPs in the gene showed association with T2DM in both additive and recessive models. The distribution of genotype frequencies of SNPs rs1053005 locus in gene STAT3 was statistically significant between the two groups. In recessive genetic models, rs1053005 locus polymorphisms was associated with T2DM. Haplotype S3 (G G)/S 4 (G T) of the SOCS3 gene as well as haplotype J2 (A G)/J 3 (G C) of the JAK2 gene were closely associated with T2DM. There was an interaction between SNPs rs4969168 and SNPs rs2280148 in the SOCS3 gene. There was an interaction between the SOCS3, JAK2 and STAT3 genes and hypertension/triglycerides. Conclusion The SOCS3 and JAK2 genes may be associated with T2DM in the Chinese population, in which SNPs carrying the A allele (rs4969168)/G allele (rs2280148)/C allele (rs10815157) have a reduced risk of T2DM. Haplotype S3 (G G)/S 4 (G T) of the SOCS3 gene and haplotype J2 (A G)/J 3 (G C) of the JAK2 gene may be influencing factor for T2DM. The interaction between SNPs rs4969168 and SNPs rs2280148 increases the risk of T2DM. Hypertension and triglycerides may interact with SNPs of T2DM susceptibility genes.


2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Fenglin Zhu ◽  
Fan Yu Jie ◽  
Li bin ◽  
Xu Cheng Cheng

Purpose This study aims to establish the friction vibration model. Design/methodology/approach The friction vibration experiment was carried out on a pin disk friction tester. The causes of friction vibration are discussed, and the friction vibration model is established based on the energy method. Findings The experimental and simulation results show that the main cause of friction vibration is the nonlinear change of friction coefficient; degree of the friction vibration has a positive relationship with the friction relative velocity and normal contact positive pressure; the proposed friction vibration model is highly consistent in chaotic attractor and time-frequency distribution map and can well predict friction vibration. Originality/value The proposed friction vibration model is highly consistent in chaotic attractor and time-frequency distribution map and can well predict friction vibration.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Farid Moradian ◽  
Mohammad Fararouei ◽  
Maryam Karami ◽  
Mousa Ghelichi-Ghojogh ◽  
Zahra Gheibi ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Among different common types of cancer, gastric cancer (GC) is a worldwide health priority in both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to map the distribution of incident cases of GC in Iran to provide a geographical presentation of the incidence of the disease. Methods This study used the Iranian National Cancer Registry (INCR) data from 2004 to 2014. We calculated the crude and age-standardized incidence rates of GC for each province and also defined the frequency distribution of different types and locations of GC by the provinces. Results According to the results of the present study, the patients were predominantly male 49,907 (70.0%) and the most prevalent type of tumour was A1 (almost 96.4%) and C3‌ (2.0%). Also, a significant difference was observed between males and females in the distribution of the types of tumour (P < 0.001). In addition, a comparison of the distribution of the types of GC in Iran suggested that a significant difference exists between the provinces (P < 0.001). A significant difference was observed when the distribution of the location of GC tumors was compared between males and females and provinces (P < 0.001). Accordingly, pylori and cardia are the most common location of GC cancer among the study population (28.1% and 31.3% respectively). Conclusions The results of the current study suggested a higher rate of GC incidence in Iran when compared to the global figure in both females and males. Our study also revealed significant disparities between provinces with regard to the distribution of types, and location of GC. This may suggest involving different factors in GC in different parts of Iran. Further studies are needed to better understand the epidemiology and etiology of the disease in Iran.


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 46 (3) ◽  
pp. 325-332
Author(s):  
BHUKAN LAL ◽  
B. LAKSHMANASWAMY

ABSTRACT. Statistical analysis of 82-years (1901-1982) record of precipitation from 27 rain-recording stations in Punjab state of lndia has been carried out to assess the climate shift if any in the state. The central part of the study is the trend and spectrum analysis of annual. monsoon and winter rainfall of different stations in the region. It is seen that frequency distribution of 19 rainfall series out of 81 series is normally distributed. Maikov linear type of persistence is observed in some of the rainfall series. Marin-Kendall test indicates the decreasing trend in winter rainfall of all the stations and is found to be significant in case of Amritsar, Taran Taran, Tanda, Ludhiana and Ranike. Low-pass filter reveals that trend is not linear but oscillatory consisting of periods of 10 years or more. It is seen that winter rainfall of most of the stations exhibits the decreasing trend from 1935-40 to 1965-70. It is also revealed by the low-pass filter curves that winter rainfall of all t1le sla1ions remained below average from 1960 till the end of the study period. The spectral analysis indicates a significant cycle of 4.1 to 27 years in some of the stations and Quasi-Biennial Oscillations (QBO) over many stations.  


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 84-116
Author(s):  
Safa Attia

The Arab revolution euphoria of 2011 was covered around the clock by different media sites, engaging millions of followers around the world, and eventually turning into discontent in some affected countries. This study examines the outcomes of the Libyan uprising (2011–2015), specifically the topics of civil-war and terrorism, through the lenses of the Arab written media in Arabic (Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya), the Arab written media in English (Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya), and the Western written media in English (BBC and CNN). Through Corpus-Assisted Discourse Analysis (CADS), integrating discursive news values analysis (DNVA), this study highlights the ideological representations of these media, and examines their similarities and differences in terms of frequency distribution and story content. The findings indicate that the media coverage of the outcomes of the Libyan Revolution, when reporting on the topics of war and terrorism, follow similar directions in the story content and the frequency distribution, with some differences in the latter between the analysed media sites. Also, the collocations, concordances, and DNVA results, especially NEGATIVITY, IMPACT and ELITENESS, prove the emphasis of the media on violent language, making terrorism appear the norm, and thus manipulating the audience and affecting their understanding of the news.


2022 ◽  
Vol 955 (1) ◽  
pp. 012021
Author(s):  
B Rahman

Abstract Jelawat Park of Sampit City is a city park located in the city center and in a river bank area. Utilizing the river as one of the main views of the area, Mentaya River and the icon of Jelawat fish statue are the vocal points of Jelawat Park that attract visitors to pay a visit. The river which is the viewpoint of the area has attracted many visitors to Jelawat Park, but a question may rise: whether Jelawat Park gives an effect on Mentaya River. This study aims to analyze the roles of Jelawat Park based on space use for community education towards the sustainability of Mentaya river functions. The Jelawat Park space use consists of 4 spaces, namely the core-park, river view, playground and supporting spaces. A quantitative methodology was used and assisted by frequency distribution analysis to give meaning cluster results in each space. The result of this study is that the river view space provides the highest cognitive and affective aspects to the community regarding the river functions. The conclusion is that the closer a space is to the river, the higher cognitive and affective effects on the river will be, but the proximity of a space to the river will decrease the cognitive and affective effects if the activity in that space is unrelated to the river.


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