railway track
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2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (4) ◽  
pp. 126-130
Author(s):  
V. E. Burak

The article is devoted to the study of a possibility of designating the boundaries of sanitary zones (distancing) for traffic arteries outside settlements within the right-of-way.The study was conducted regarding the current Russian laws, projects of possible changes in legislation and draft amendments. It offers definitions of the right-of-way and of sanitary zone and highlights topics that have not yet been regulated.At the same time, the research methods are of universal character and after introducing other regulatory parameters may be applied for similar research in other countries as well.Calculations and field studies allowed to find that within the railway right-of-way and with the existing train traffic intensity, equivalent continuous sound pressure level in aggregate does not exceed the established maximum permissible level of 80dBA for personnel performing their labour functions within the railway rightof-way.A growth in the Leq/LAeq on the right-of-way from 80,0 to 95,0 dBA may lead to an increase in the hazard class (subclass).An analysis of the actual results of a special assessment of working conditions at JSC Russian Railways showed in the vast majority of cases the acceptability of working conditions evaluated according to noise factor measured at the workplaces of employees working during full or part-time shift on the right-of-way. Hazardous working conditions at the level of some subclasses for certain professions (operator of track measurement, railway track worker) arise rather due to indicators of severity of the labour process. 


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 294
Author(s):  
Shuo Li ◽  
Jieqiong Ding ◽  
Weirong Liu ◽  
Heng Li ◽  
Feng Zhou ◽  
...  

The track settlement has a great influence on the safe operation of high-speed trains. The existing track settlement measurement approach requires sophisticated or expensive equipments, and the real-time performance is limited. To address the issue, an ultra-high resolution track settlement detection method is proposed by using millimeter wave radar based on frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW). Firstly, by constructing the RCS statistical feature data set of multiple objects in the track settlement measurement environment, a directed acyclic graph-support vector machine (DAG-SVM) based method is designed to solve the problem of track recognition in multi-object scenes. Then, the adaptive chirp-z-transform (ACZT) algorithm is used to estimate the distance between the radar and the track surface, which realizes automatic real-time track settlement detection. An experimental platform has been constructed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The experimental results show that the accuracy of track classification and identification is at least 95%, and the accuracy of track settlement measurement exceeds 0.5 mm, which completely meets the accuracy requirements of the railway system.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 570
Author(s):  
Dorota Błaszkiewicz-Juszczęć ◽  
Włodzimierz Czyczuła ◽  
Dariusz Kudła

In the article, an identification method of railway track stability model parameters based on energy equilibrium is presented by the authors. A study of two parameters directly influencing the continuous welded track (CWR) stability is described by the authors, i.e., the rail-sleeper structure stiffness Bz is considered one beam, and the ballast lateral resistance r0. These parameters were estimated with the use of a numerical model for various railway track types. The adopted concept is based on the assumption that it is possible to determine substitute values for both parameters. Therefore, using one value of both of these parameters, we label them substitute parameters. The assumed numerical model forced lateral displacements of a track section, and, based on the obtained track section displacement results, energy equilibrium was determined. The equilibrium takes into account the work of external load and the bending work of rail-sleeper structure with the substitute stiffness Bz and the ballast deformation work, also with the substitute value of lateral resistance r0 with lateral displacement. The aim is to identify these substitute values to be used for analysing track stability with the semi-analytical model. These analyses are part of the studies related to the development of a method of assessing various methods of increasing track stability.


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 413
Author(s):  
Shulun Wang ◽  
Feng Liu ◽  
Bin Liu

High deployment costs, safety risks, and time delays restrict traditional track detection methods in high-speed railways. Therefore, approaches based on optical sensors have become the most remarkable strategy in terms of deployment cost and real-time performance. Owing to the large amount of data obtained by sensors, it has been proven that deep learning, as a powerful data-driven approach, can perform effectively in the field of track detection. However, it is difficult and expensive to obtain labeled data from railways during operation. In this study, we used a segment of a high-speed railway track as the experimental object and deployed a distributed optical fiber acoustic system (DAS). We propose a track detection method that innovatively leverages semi-supervised deep learning based on image recognition, with a particular pre-processing for the dataset and a greedy algorithm for the selection of hyper-parameters. The superiority of the method was verified in both experiments and actual applications.


Author(s):  
João Morais ◽  
Paulo Morais ◽  
Carlos Santos ◽  
André Paixão ◽  
Eduardo Fortunato

Nowadays, there are multiple initiatives showing a renewed interest on railway transport of goods and passengers around the world. Thus, an efficient management of railway infrastructures, both at the operational level and in terms of economic profitability, is not only desirable but also corresponds to an area of ongoing research. In order to contribute to these efforts, an alternative and novel methodology to evaluate railway track support conditions is presented here, based on modal analysis of the characteristic frequencies of the multi-element system composed by a railway infrastructure and an instrumented vehicle moving over it. This methodology belongs to the group of vibration-based structural damage identification methods, and is focused on observing the characteristic frequencies of this multi-element system, which can be correlated with changes in the physical properties of the railway infrastructure under analysis. An important feature of the proposed methodology is that it should enable the collection of information regarding the conditions of the substructure of a railway infrastructure. By performing this assessment of a railway infrastructure over its length, and over time by comparing different rides over the same railway stretch, important information can be gathered regarding the support conditions of the track. This paper presents a complete description on the current stage of development of the proposed methodology, along with the theoretical model that serves as the basis to interpret the collected data. Preliminary verification of this methodology is performed through the analysis of two case studies regarding the passage of an instrumented vehicle over two underpasses. The results obtained so far show that the proposed methodology can provide relevant information regarding the support conditions of railway tracks.


2022 ◽  
Vol 355 ◽  
pp. 02019
Author(s):  
Qihui Xiong ◽  
Shiwu Yang ◽  
Chang Liu

As the density of the high-speed railway network continues to increase, the problem of electromagnetic interference on adjacent lines has become increasingly prominent. This paper focuses on the electromagnetic interference of adjacent lines caused by rail and line in the signal transmission process of the high-speed rail track circuit. Firstly, complete the establishment of the four-terminal network model of the ZPW-2000A track circuit system and the cab signal entry current crosstalk model, calculation of interference voltage under different parallel length of signal frequency. Then the interference factors and coupling mechanism of adjacent lines are analysed to realize calculation of interference amount. Finally, according to the sensitivity index of the cab signal, the maximum parallel length of adjacent sections is given respect, and the interference protection suggestions of adjacent lines are put forward. The research work of this paper provides a theoretical basis for suppressing the interference of adjacent lines and guarantees the safe and efficient operation of high-speed trains.


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