figure of merit
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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Wei He ◽  
Jian Li ◽  
Zeliang Liao ◽  
Feng Lin ◽  
Junye Wu ◽  

AbstractIn this work, a vertical gallium nitride (GaN)-based trench MOSFET on 4-inch free-standing GaN substrate is presented with threshold voltage of 3.15 V, specific on-resistance of 1.93 mΩ·cm2, breakdown voltage of 1306 V, and figure of merit of 0.88 GW/cm2. High-quality and stable MOS interface is obtained through two-step process, including simple acid cleaning and a following (NH4)2S passivation. Based on the calibration with experiment, the simulation results of physical model are consistent well with the experiment data in transfer, output, and breakdown characteristic curves, which demonstrate the validity of the simulation data obtained by Silvaco technology computer aided design (Silvaco TCAD). The mechanisms of on-state and breakdown are thoroughly studied using Silvaco TCAD physical model. The device parameters, including n−-GaN drift layer, p-GaN channel layer and gate dielectric layer, are systematically designed for optimization. This comprehensive analysis and optimization on the vertical GaN-based trench MOSFETs provide significant guide for vertical GaN-based high power applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
M. Yazdani-Kachoei ◽  
S. Rahimi ◽  
R. Ebrahimi-Jaberi ◽  
J. Nematollahi ◽  
S. Jalali-Asadabadi

AbstractWe investigate temperature, pressure, and localization dependence of thermoelectric properties, phonon and de Haas–van Alphen (dHvA) frequencies of the anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) CeIn$$_3$$ 3 using density functional theory (DFT) and local, hybrid, and band correlated functionals. It is found that the maximum values of thermopower, power factor, and electronic figure of merit of this compound occur at low (high) temperatures provided that the 4f-Ce electrons are (not) localized enough. The maximum values of the thermopower, power factor, electronic figure of merit (conductivity parameters), and their related doping levels (do not) considerably depend on the localization degree and pressure. The effects of pressure on these parameters substantially depend on the degree of localization. The phonon frequencies are calculated to be real which shows that the crystal is dynamically stable. From the phonon band structure, the thermal conductivity is predicted to be homogeneous. This prediction is found consistent with the thermal conductivity components calculated along three Cartesian directions. In analogous to the thermoelectric properties, it is found that the dHvA frequencies also depend on both pressure and localization degree. To ensure that the phase transition at Néel temperature cannot remarkably affect the results, we verify the density of states (DOS) of the compound at the paramagnetic phase constructing a non-collinear magnetic structure where the angles of the spins are determined so that the resultant magnetic moment vanishes. The non-collinear results reveal that the DOS and whence the thermoelectric properties of the compound are not changed considerably by the phase transition. To validate the accuracy of the results, the total and partial DOSs are recalculated using DFT plus dynamical mean-field theory (DFT+DMFT). The DFT+DMFT DOSs, in agreement with the hybrid DOSs, predict the Kondo effect in this compound.

2022 ◽  
Woochang Kim ◽  
Wonseok Lee ◽  
Seung-Mo Lee ◽  
Duckjong Kim ◽  
Jinsung Park

Abstract We propose a method of improving the thermoelectric properties of graphene using defect engineering through plasma irradiation and atomic layer deposition (ALD). We intentionally created atomic blemishes in graphene by oxygen plasma treatment and subsequently healed the atomistically defective places using Pt-ALD. After healing, the thermal conductivity of the initially defective graphene increased slightly, while the electrical conductivity and the square of the Seebeck coefficient increased pronouncedly. The thermoelectric figure of merit of the Pt-ALD treated graphene was measured to be over 4.8 times higher than the values reported in the literature. We expect that our study could provide a useful guideline for the development of graphene-based thermoelectric devices.

Alloys ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 3-14
Mario Wolf ◽  
Jan Flormann ◽  
Timon Steinhoff ◽  
Gregory Gerstein ◽  
Florian Nürnberger ◽  

A new approach for the development of thermoelectric materials, which focuses on a high-power factor instead of a large figure of merit zT, has drawn attention in recent years. In this context, the thermoelectric properties of Cu-Ni-based alloys with a very high electrical conductivity, a moderate Seebeck coefficient, and therefore a high power factor are presented as promising low-cost alternative materials for applications aiming to have a high electrical power output. The Cu-Ni-based alloys are prepared via an arc melting process of metallic nanopowders. The heavy elements tin and tungsten are chosen for alloying to further improve the power factor while simultaneously reducing the high thermal conductivity of the resulting metal alloy, which also has a positive effect on the zT value. Overall, the samples prepared with low amounts of Sn and W show an increase in the power factor and figure of merit zT compared to the pure Cu-Ni alloy. These results demonstrate the potential of these often overlooked metal alloys and the utilization of nanopowders for thermoelectric energy conversion.

Yuhong Huang ◽  
Xuanhong Zhong ◽  
Hongkuan Yuan ◽  
Hong Chen

Abstract Thermoelectric performance of MoSi2As4 monolayer is investigated using density functional theory combined with Boltzmann transport theoy. The maximal power factors of n- and p-type by PBE (HSE06) functional are 7.73 (48.31) and 32.84 (30.50) mW m-1 K-2 at the temperature of 1200 K, respectively. The lattice thermal conductivity is less than 30 W m-1 K-1 above 800 K. The thermoelectric figure of merit can reach 0.33 (0.58) and 0.90 (0.81) using PBE (HSE06) functional for n- and p-type under appropriate carrier concentration at 1200K, respectively. Thus, the p-type MoSi2As4 monolayer is predicted to be a potential candidate for high-temperature thermoelectric applications.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 105
Temesgen Bailie Workie ◽  
Zhaohui Wu ◽  
Panliang Tang ◽  
Jingfu Bao ◽  
Ken-ya Hashimoto

This paper examines a new technique to improve the figure of merit of laterally vibrating RF-MEMS resonators through an energy-preserving suspended addendum frame structure using finite element analysis. The proposed suspended addendum frame on the sides of the resonant plate helps as a mechanical vibration isolator from the supporting substrate. This enables the resonator to have a low acoustic energy loss, resulting in a higher quality factor. The simulated attenuation characteristics of the suspended addendum frame are up to an order of magnitude larger than those achieved with the conventional structure. Even though the deployed technique does not have a significant impact on increasing the effective electromechanical coupling coefficient, due to a gigantic improvement in the unloaded quality factor, from 4106 to 51,136, the resonator with the suspended frame achieved an 11-folds improvement in the figure of merit compared to that of the conventional resonator. Moreover, the insertion loss was improved from 5 dB down to a value as low as 0.7 dB. Furthermore, a method of suppressing spurious mode is demonstrated to remove the one incurred by the reflected waves due to the proposed energy-preserving structure.

2022 ◽  
Abeer AlObaid

Abstract Group III-V semiconductors are extensively studied for various technological applications. Different properties of Ga1-xInxP such as electronic, optical, elastic, thermal and mechanical, etc. were studied under different concentrations. However, there is no evident for thermoelectric performance of Ga1-xInxP (x = 0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0). In the present study, we have calculated the structural, electronic and thermoelectric behavior of Ga1-xInxP by utilizing the WIEN2K package. The InP show indirect semiconductor nature of band gap of 2.1 eV. By adding the concentration of In, the band gap nature shifts from indirect to direct with a decrease in the band gap. For thermoelectric properties, Seebeck, thermal and electrical conductivity, power factor and figure of merit ZT are investigated through the BoltzTraP code. Our study reveals that Ga1-xInxP has a maximum value of ZT=0.79 at x=1, provide an opportunity for developing good thermoelectric devices.

Qi Wang ◽  
Ju-Xin Jiang ◽  
Lei Wang ◽  
Xiang-Yu Yin ◽  
Xin Yan ◽  

Abstract A subwavelength asymmetric grating refractive index (RI) sensor based on quasi-bound states in the continuum (q-BIC) with temperature self-compensation was proposed. The sensor structure consisted of a Prism / Asymmetric grating / Analytes, where the grating layers were periodically arranged asymmetric silicon (Si) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The asymmetry of the structure led to the fact that the tangential field component and the radiative field component in the grating layer were no longer in a fully decoupled state at the resonance position, creating two extremely narrow q-BIC resonance peaks, which gave the sensor a high Figure of Merit (FOM) and a low detection limit (DL). In addition, the thermo-optical coefficient of the materials made one of the resonance peaks more sensitive to temperature changes, realizing the temperature self-compensation of RI detection and thus improving the detection accuracy. From the results, reducing the asymmetry of the structure by modifying the parameters could theoretically make FOM > 5.1*106 RIU-1 and DL < 9.8*10-9 RIU. For the RI sensor with temperature self-compensation, FOM = 3057.85 RIU-1 and DL = 1.64*10-5 RIU for the RI, FOM = 0.88 °C-1 and DL = 0.057 °C for the temperature. These findings could effectively improve the temperature interference resistance of the sensor and thus the accuracy of trace substance detection.

2022 ◽  
pp. 25-39
Nuggehalli Ravindra

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