quality factor
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 878
Laura C. Paterson ◽  
Amy Festarini ◽  
Marilyne Stuart ◽  
Fawaz Ali ◽  
Christie Costello ◽  

Theoretical evaluations indicate the radiation weighting factor for thermal neutrons differs from the current International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommended value of 2.5, which has radiation protection implications for high-energy radiotherapy, inside spacecraft, on the lunar or Martian surface, and in nuclear reactor workplaces. We examined the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of DNA damage generated by thermal neutrons compared to gamma radiation. Whole blood was irradiated by 64 meV thermal neutrons from the National Research Universal reactor. DNA damage and erroneous DNA double-strand break repair was evaluated by dicentric chromosome assay (DCA) and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay with low doses ranging 6–85 mGy. Linear dose responses were observed. Significant DNA aberration clustering was found indicative of high ionizing density radiation. When the dose contribution of both the 14N(n,p)14C and 1H(n,γ)2H capture reactions were considered, the DCA and the CBMN assays generated similar maximum RBE values of 11.3 ± 1.6 and 9.0 ± 1.1, respectively. Consequently, thermal neutron RBE is approximately four times higher than the current ICRP radiation weighting factor value of 2.5. This lends support to bimodal peaks in the quality factor for RBE neutron energy response, underlining the importance of radiological protection against thermal neutron exposures.

Michal Křížek ◽  
Vesselin G. Gueorguiev ◽  
André Maeder

Recently it was found from Cassini data that the mean recession speed of Titan from Saturn is v = 11.3 ± 2.0 cm/yr which corresponds to a tidal quality factor of Saturn Q ≈ 100 while the standard estimate yields Q ≥ 6 · 104 . It was assumed that such a large speed v is due to a resonance locking mechanism of five inner mid-sized moons of Saturn. In this paper, we show that an essential part of v may come from a local Hubble expansion, where the Hubble-Lemaˆıtre constant H0 recalculated to the Saturn-Titan distance D is 8.15 cm/(yrD). Our hypothesis is based on many other observations showing a slight expansion of the Solar system and also of our Galaxy at a rate comparable with H0. We demonstrate that the large disproportion in estimating the Q factor can be just caused by the local expansion effect. [Accepted for publication in "Gravitation and Cosmology". The paper is to appear in Vol. 28, Issue 2 (2022) of the journal Gravitation and Cosmology.]

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Naoki Inomata ◽  
Yuka Tonsho ◽  
Takahito Ono

AbstractThe quality factor (Q-factor) is an important parameter for mechanical resonant sensors, and the optimal values depend on its application. Therefore, Q-factor control is essential for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Conventional methods have some restrictions, such as additional and complicated equipment or nanoscale dimensions; thus, structural methods are one of the reasonable solutions for simplifying the system. In this study, we demonstrate Q-factor control using a variable phononic bandgap by changing the length of the periodic microstructure. For this, silicon microstructure is used because it has both periodicity and a spring structure. The bandgap change is experimentally confirmed by measuring the Q-factors of mechanical resonators with different resonant frequencies. The bandgap range varies depending on the extended structure length, followed by a change in the Q-factor value. In addition, the effects of the periodic structure on the Q-factor enhancement and the influence of stress on the structural length were evaluated. Although microstructures can improve the Q-factors irrespective of periodicity; the result of the periodic microstructure is found to be efficient. The proposed method is feasible as the novel Q-factor control technique has good compatibility with conventional MEMS.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 105
Temesgen Bailie Workie ◽  
Zhaohui Wu ◽  
Panliang Tang ◽  
Jingfu Bao ◽  
Ken-ya Hashimoto

This paper examines a new technique to improve the figure of merit of laterally vibrating RF-MEMS resonators through an energy-preserving suspended addendum frame structure using finite element analysis. The proposed suspended addendum frame on the sides of the resonant plate helps as a mechanical vibration isolator from the supporting substrate. This enables the resonator to have a low acoustic energy loss, resulting in a higher quality factor. The simulated attenuation characteristics of the suspended addendum frame are up to an order of magnitude larger than those achieved with the conventional structure. Even though the deployed technique does not have a significant impact on increasing the effective electromechanical coupling coefficient, due to a gigantic improvement in the unloaded quality factor, from 4106 to 51,136, the resonator with the suspended frame achieved an 11-folds improvement in the figure of merit compared to that of the conventional resonator. Moreover, the insertion loss was improved from 5 dB down to a value as low as 0.7 dB. Furthermore, a method of suppressing spurious mode is demonstrated to remove the one incurred by the reflected waves due to the proposed energy-preserving structure.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 176
Gennady Kvashnin ◽  
Boris Sorokin ◽  
Nikita Asafiev ◽  
Viacheslav Prokhorov ◽  
Andrei Sotnikov

New theoretical and experimental results of microwave acoustic wave propagation in diamond-based multilayer piezoelectric structures (MPS) as “Me1/(Al,Sc)N/Me2/(100) diamond/Me3” and “Me1/AlN/Me2/(100) diamond/Me3” under three metal film depositions, including the change in the quality factor Q as a result of Me3 impact, were obtained. Further development of our earlier studies was motivated by the necessity of creating a sensor model based on the above fifth layered MPS and its in-depth study using the finite element method (FEM). Experimental results on the change in operational checkpoint frequencies and quality factors under the effect of film deposition are in satisfactory accordance with FEM data. The relatively small decrease in the quality factor of diamond-based high overtone bulk acoustic resonator (HBAR) under the metal layer effect observed in a wide microwave band could be qualified as an important result. Changes in operational resonant frequencies vs. film thickness were found to have sufficient distinctions. This fact can be quite explained in terms of the difference between acoustic impedances of diamond and deposited metal films.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 546
Peng Sha ◽  
Weimin Pan ◽  
Jiyuan Zhai ◽  
Zhenghui Mi ◽  
Song Jin ◽  

Medium-temperature (mid-T) furnace baking was conducted at 650 MHz superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavity for circular electron positron collider (CEPC), which enhanced the cavity unloaded quality factor (Q0) significantly. In the vertical test (2.0 K), Q0 of 650 MHz cavity reached 6.4 × 1010 at 30 MV/m, which is remarkably high at this unexplored frequency. Additionally, the cavity quenched at 31.2 MV/m finally. There was no anti-Q-slope behavior after mid-T furnace baking, which is characteristic of 1.3 GHz cavities. The microwave surface resistance (RS) was also studied, which indicated both very low Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer (BCS) and residual resistance. The recipe of cavity process in this paper is simplified and easy to duplicate, which may benefit the SRF community.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Guo-Hui Li ◽  
Bo-Lin Zhou ◽  
Zhen Hou ◽  
Yan-Fu Wei ◽  
Rong Wen ◽  

AbstractThe outstanding optoelectrical properties and high-quality factor of whispering gallery mode perovskite nanocavities make it attractive for applications in small lasers. However, efforts to make lasers with better performance have been hampered by the lack of efficient methods for the synthesis and transfer of perovskite nanocavities on desired substrate at quality required for applications. Here, we report transfer printing of perovskite nanocavities grown by chemical vapor deposition from mica substrate onto SiO2 substrate. Transferred perovskite nanocavity has an RMS roughness of ~ 1.2 nm and no thermal degradation in thermal release process. We further use femtosecond laser to excite a transferred perovskite nanocavity and measures its quality factor as high as 2580 and a lasing threshold of 27.89 μJ/cm2 which is almost unchanged as compared with pristine perovskite nanocavities. This method represents a significant step toward the realization of perovskite nanolasers with smaller sizes and better heat management as well as application in optoelectronic devices.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document