specific heat capacity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 520 ◽  
pp. 230869
Jiacheng He ◽  
Rekabra Youssef ◽  
Md Sazzad Hosen ◽  
Mohsen Akbarzadeh ◽  
Joeri Van Mierlo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 70 (1) ◽  
pp. 361-374
Mamdouh El Haj Assad ◽  
Ibrahim Mahariq ◽  
Raymond Ghandour ◽  
Mohammad Alhuyi Nazari ◽  
Thabet Abdeljawad

2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (6) ◽  
pp. 1496-1500
Narendra S. Joshi ◽  
Govinda P. Waghulde ◽  
Gaurav R. Gupta

Edible vegetable oils were gelled by using N-(2-aminoethyl)-oleamide. Oils in their free state were subjected to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) analysis. The gels of these oils were prepared by using N-(2-aminoethyl)-oleamide as gelator and similar thermal analysis of the gels was carried out. The thermal analysis data obtained was used to determine specific heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp). The values were compared with the reported values of heat capacities. It is observed that the thermal properties and transitions of oils and gels, specific heat capacity is helpful parameter to understand the fundamentals of gels and gelation strategies.

Nataliia Fialko ◽  
Roman Dinzhos ◽  
Julii Sherenkovskii ◽  
Nataliia Meranova ◽  
Sergii Aloshko ◽  

This paper reports a series of experimental studies to establish regularities of the integrated effect exerted on the specific heat capacity of polymer nanocomposites by such factors as the temperature regime of their production, the value of the mass fraction of the filler, and the temperature of the composite material. The studies were conducted for nanocomposites based on polypropylene filled with carbon nanotubes. When obtaining composites, the method of mixing the components in the melt of the polymer was used. During the studies, the temperature of nanocomposites varied from 295 to 455 K, the mass fraction of the filler ‒ from 0.3 to 10 %. The basic parameter of the technological mode for obtaining composite materials, the value of overheating the polymer melt relative to its melting point, varied in the range of 10...75 K. It is shown that the temperature dependence of the specific heat capacity of the considered composites is sensitive to changes in the overheating of the polymer melt only in the region maximum values of the specific heat capacity. Concentration dependences of the specific heat capacity of the considered nanocomposites at different values of their temperature and the level of overheating of the polymer melt have been built. The studies have been carried out to identify the effects of the influence of the above parameters on the coefficient of thermal diffusivity of nanocomposites. It has been established, in particular, that an increase in the level of overheating the polymer could lead to a very significant increase in the coefficient of thermal diffusivity, which is all the more significant the higher the proportion of filler and the lower the temperature of the composite material. It is shown that the level of overheating the polymer melt relative to its melting point is a parameter that can be used as the basis for the creation of polymer composite materials with specified thermophysical properties.

2021 ◽  
Jelili Hussein ◽  
Moruf Olanrewaju Oke ◽  
Kazeem Olaniyi Oriola ◽  
Abimbola Ajetunmobi

The thermal properties (specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and thermal diffusivity) of jack bean seed (Canavalia ensiformis) were determined for usage in designing the equipment necessary for thermal processes. These thermal properties were determined at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 % moisture contents (wb) and temperatures at 30, 40, and 50oC using the KD2 Pro thermal analyzer. Results showed that the specific heat capacity ranged from 1.55 to 2.47 kJ/kgK, 1.26 to 1.84 kJ/kgK and 1.32 to 1.99 kJ/kgK; thermal conductivity 0.21 to 0.47 W/mK, 0.34 to 0.52 W/mK, and 0.26 to 0.60 W/mK and thermal diffusivity 0.25 to 0.41 x 10-7 m²/s, 0.32 to 0.57 x 10-7 m²/s, and 0.32 to 0.60 x 10-7 m²/s at 30, 40, and 50°C respectively for the moisture ranges studied. The temperature and moisture content effect were not significant (p>0.05) with specific heat and thermal diffusivity but significant (p<0.05) with thermal conductivity in third-order polynomial. A non-linear relationship was established between the three thermal properties and moisture content within the studied temperature range. The resulting regression models for the thermal properties gave a high coefficient of determinations (R2 ≥ 0.7995) which implies that they can be used to describe the relationships between temperature, moisture, and thermal properties of jack bean seeds.

G. O. Ogunlakin ◽  
E. H. Onibokun ◽  
B. Fashogbon

Sorghum (red and white) were germinated for 24, 48, 72, and 96 h to determine the effect of germination on some functional and engineering properties of sorghum flour. The bulk density results for the red and white germinated sorghum are 0.620-0.673 g/cm3 and 0.477-0.620 g/cm3, respectively. Water absorption capacity values for the two samples are 116.630-125.970% and 81.643-98.293% while the oil absorption capacity ranged from 62.917 to 85.750% and 44.933 to 61.980%, respectively for the two samples. The dispersibility test for the two samples gave 85.67-87.33% and 83.00-84.67%. The swelling power at 55 °C are 2.54-2.67 and 2.70-3.26, at 75 °C, 3.62-4.68 and 3.85-4.56, and at 90 °C, 2.98-4.79 and 6.29-7.23, respectively for the two samples. For the engineering properties, the specific heat capacity ranged from 0.14 to 0.45 kJ/kg K and 0.12 to 0.14 kJ/kg K, thermal conductivity, from 0.55 to 1.67 W/mK and 1.01 to 1.24 W/mK and thermal diffusivity from 0.13 to 0.82 m2/s and 0.11 to 0.12 m2/s, respectively for red and white germinated sorghum flours. It can be concluded from this study that increased the values of bulk density, WAC, OAC, and dispersibility test of the two samples with the increase in germination period with the optimum germination period of 72 h. Engineering properties results indicated that germination had a beneficial effect on the thermal conductivity of the germinated red sorghum and the thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity of the white germinated sorghum with 96 h having the best result for both samples.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2131 (2) ◽  
pp. 022056
V F Lapshin ◽  
V Yu Florinsky

Abstract The thermodynamic properties of alkali metal vapor plasma in the pressure range 0.25 - 3.0 atm and temperatures 1500 - 60000 K are considered. It is shown that a distinctive feature of this plasma is the existence of a relatively narrow critical temperature interval in which the plasma consists only of electrons and singly ionized atoms. The specific heat capacity of the plasma has a minimum value in the critical temperature range, corresponding to the heat capacity of a simple e-i plasma in which the second ionization of atoms has not begun. It has been shown that, due to this property, in gas discharge lamps filled with alkali metal vapors, it is possible to control the type of spatial distribution of the plasma. Under relatively low currents, when the temperature of the plasma doesn’t reach the critical range of the value, the traditional space distribution of the plasma is realized in the gas discharge tube. In this case, most of the plasma is concentrated in the axial region of the tube and its concentration decreases along the radius from the axis to the walls of the tube. With sufficiently high currents, when the plasma temperature on the axis exceeds the values from the critical interval, the opposite case is realized: the main part of the plasma is now concentrated on the periphery of the gas discharge volume. In this case, the plasma concentration increases along the radius from the axis to the tube walls. It is shown that the transformation of one type of spatial distribution of plasma into another occurs when the plasma temperature on the axis reaches values from the critical interval and the specific heat capacity approaches its minimum value, corresponding to a simple plasma consisting of electrons and single-charge ions.

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