boric acid solution
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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Qing Liu ◽  
Zhao Liu ◽  
Changlin Zhang ◽  
Yanyan Xu ◽  
Xiaojing Li ◽  

To determine the effect of 3% boric acid solution on cutaneous infections with Candida albicans (CA) in mice and its effect on skin microflora. Female mice were divided into three groups, with 18 mice in each group. Two injection sites were randomly selected, and 0.1 mL of CA mycelium suspension was injected into the epidermis and dermis of the back of mice. Group N was treated with sterile water for injection (SWFI). We observed the clinical manifestations, fungal fluorescence microscopic examination and colony count. Group B were hydropathically compressed with 3% boric acid solution for 30 min every 12 h. Group M was treated with SWFI, and group N was not treated. One week later, each group was observed with naked eyes, and skin samples were collected. The effect of boric acid on skin microflora was measured using Internal Transcribed Spacer Identification (ITS) and 16S rRNA genes. There were no significant changes in group M. In group B, the degree of skin injury was alleviated, the wounds healed markedly, and the exudate amount decreased. The effective rate of group B (83%) was significantly higher than that of group M (25%) (P < 0.05). The relative average abundance of Candida (P < 0.0001) and CA (P < 0.05) in group B was significantly lower than that in group M. Compared with group M, the microbial richness of group B changed little, but the diversity decreased. The flora structure of group B was significantly different from that of group M, but like that of group N. In group B, the abundance of Proteobacteria (P < 0.001), Enterobacteriaceae (P < 0.001), and Escherichia-Shigella (P < 0.001) was significantly greater, and the abundance of Firmicutes (P < 0.001), Staphylococcaceae (P < 0.001), and Staphylococcus (P < 0.001) were significantly lower. The 3% boric acid solution significantly reduced the symptoms of skin infection with Candida albicans. It inhibited the growth of Candida albicans and CA, reduced the diversity of skin microorganisms, increased the abundance of Proteobacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia-Shigella, and reduced the abundance of Firmicutes, Staphylococcaceae, Staphylococcus.

2021 ◽  
Tatiana Smirnova ◽  
Irina Temereva ◽  
Sergei Panov ◽  
Tatiana Stepanova

This article analyzes the results of four-year research which examined the effectiveness of pre-sowing treatment (soaking, spraying) of white cabbage seeds with trace element solutions of various concentrations. The research was conducted under laboratory conditions at the Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science Department of Omsk State Agrarian University with a mid-season-ripening, medium-yielding and high-yielding variety of white cabbage (Sibiryachka 60) found in the Omsk region. 0.02%, 0.04% and 0.05% solutions of ZnSO4 ⋅ 7H2O and 0.01%, 0.02%, 0.03% and 0.05% solutions of H3BO3 were used in the experiment. The cabbage seeds were soaked in water (control) and in trace element solutions for 6-12-24 hours. The germination energy and germination capacity of the seeds, the zinc distribution, and the biometric indicators of the seedlings and of the cabbage transplant seedlings were determined. The optimal concentrations of the trace element solutions and the optimal duration of pre-sowing treatment were established, which stimulated the development of seedlings and increased seed germination by 5-9%. It was noted that, compared with the control, 2 times more plants reached the 6-leaf phase by the time of planting when transplant seedlings were treated with a boric acid solution in the optimal concentration, and 3.6 times more plants did when fertilized with zinc. Based on the results the following is recommended for implementation in production: soaking seeds in a 0.03% solution of Н3ВО3; soaking seeds in a 0.04% solution of ZnSO4; soaking time - 6 hours; a 1:2 ratio of seeds to the solution; and concentration of solutions per element for boron – 0.005% and zinc – 0.01%. Keywords: white cabbage, seeds, micro-fertilizers, pre-sowing treatment

György Pátzay ◽  
József Dobor ◽  
Emil Csonka ◽  
Gábor Lozsi ◽  
Ferenc Feil

Borate ion exchange capacity of Purolite NRW600 strong base anion resin in hydroxide form and mixed bed NRW600+NRW100 ion exchange was investigated with static experiments. Anion exchange resin was saturated with 0.1–45 g/dm3 concentration boric acid solution in a static mixer at 20, 30, 40 and 50 °C at 150 rpm for 24 hours. Remaining borate content of saturation solutions was deter-mined with ion chromatography and ICP-OES. The amount of fixed borate as borate anions increased with the saturation borate concentration as well as in case of simple anion exchange as in case of mixed bed.Column sorption-elution study was carried out by using strong base anion exchange resins (Purolite NRW600 and Amberlite IRN78). Resins in hydroxide and in chloride forms were saturated in column with 5–40 g/dm3 boric acid solution in excess. The resin was then eluted with 200 cm3 salt free water with 5 cm3/min at 25 °C and then eluted by 1 mol/dm3 sodium-sulfate solution with 5 cm3/min. The effluent was collected and analyzed for borate content by titrimetric method. In chloride form the resin adsorbed and released much less borate. Effective borate and polyborate sorption needs hydroxide ions in resin phase.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (5) ◽  
pp. 1203
Manuel Álvarez ◽  
Daniel Ferrández ◽  
Carlos Morón ◽  
Evangelina Atanes-Sánchez

This paper shows the characterization of a new lightened gypsum-based material for use in buildings. A plaster material has been designed with a polymeric compound based on polyvinyl acetate, bicarbonate and a boric acid solution, which reduce the density and thermal conductivity by up to 20% and 30%, respectively. In addition, tests have been carried out with the lightened plaster material reinforced with glass (GF), basalt (BF), polypropylene (PPF) and wood (WF) fibers. A significant improvement in mechanical properties was achieved. All samples obtained resistance values greater than 2 MPa in flexion and 3 MPa in compression. Physico-chemical analysis were also carried out. The study is completed with a statistical analysis, where confidence intervals have been obtained for the mean at 95% confidence for each of the physical properties studied.

2020 ◽  
Vol 405 ◽  
pp. 193-198
Daniela Marušáková ◽  
Pavel Kůs ◽  
Lorant Szatmary ◽  
Iveta Adéla Prokůpková

We tested stability of 43 selective sorbents, covering the widest range of functional groups, efficiency of sorption, method of production, and which are theoretically useful for sorption of cesium, strontium, cobalt, arsenic and actinoids. We present 3 of them: A = TiO2, B = Al2O3 and C = MxH(TiO)4(SiO4)3 . z H2O. In first testing, sorbents were exposed to the model solution of boric acid for 168 hours, in which they were mixed in a closed container with a rotator. After the exposure, sorbent solutions were filtered and analysed by spectroscopic techniques (Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), Raman Spectroscopy (RS) and newly by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), combined with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS)). Exposed spectra were compared with spectra of new, non-exposed sorbents. In second testing, sorbents were exposed to gamma radiation for 12 days with total dose 666 ± 43 kGy, produced by cobalt bomb and analysed by same techniques. The aim of our testing was to find out how sorbents behave in model boric acid solution and what effect has the gamma radiation on sorbent spectra and to analyse sorbents by SEM with EDX.

2020 ◽  
pp. 14-19
V. V. Potapov ◽  
V. A. Ilin

Assessment of the technical condition of the main systems and structures is one of the main stage tasks of technical diagnostics of NPP elements. One of the important elements of the hermetic volume of the protective shells of nuclear power plants is a storage pool (SP) of spent nuclear fuel (SNF). For provision of SNF storage the appropriate systems and structures are used: SNF handling system, SP cooling system and SP by itself. Pools are made of monolithic reinforced concrete with stainless steel lining intended to retain cooling water (boric acid solution) and protect the concrete from direct effect of aggressive environments. Emergency leaks may occur through the SP lining during operation of a nuclear power plant. Materials used for pool structures must be radiation resistant and resistant to a boric acid solution. The structure of the storage pool must be earthquake-proof, must allow monitoring of emergency leaks and maintain a controlled water level in case of leaks for the time period until the fuel will be discharged. Features of failures during operation, results of research and recommendations for extending the service life of storage pools at domestic nuclear power plants with VVER are considered. Assessment of the technical condition of the main structures of the SP provides for specialized research. Thus, the SP survey generally involves visual and instrumental examination of the bottom lining, internal lining, as well as concrete walls and bottom.

2020 ◽  
Vol 167 (10) ◽  
pp. 101506
Heon-Young Ha ◽  
Sung-Dae Kim ◽  
Jae Hoon Jang ◽  
Tae-Ho Lee ◽  
Chang-Hoon Lee ◽  

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