seed treatment
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
J. Rubert ◽  
S. H. B. Dornelles ◽  
U. R. Nunes ◽  
N. T. Pedrollo ◽  
M. Peripolli ◽  
...  

Abstract The low Brazilian productive index and the high demand have aroused interest in the cultivation of lentils, however the legume is little known and needs further studies. The objective of this study was to analyze and identify the effects of treatments with insecticides and fungicides on the physiological quality of lentil seeds, CA-1512 strain. The experiments were conducted in the seed laboratory in a completely randomized design with seven treatments and four replicates. Seed treatment with Thiophanate-methyl; Fluazinam® (180 ml) + Pyraclostrobin; Thiophanate-methyl; Fipronil® (150 ml) promoted higher levels of germination under accelerated aging, lower number of abnormal seedlings and longer lengths of shoot and radicle for the emergence in paper. Treatment with Carboxin; Thiram® (250 ml) + Imidacloprid® (150 ml) allowed a higher value in the first count of germination in sand, lower number of dead seeds under accelerated aging and longer root length, in the emergence in sand. Shoot length in the emergence in sand increased after seed treatment with Metalaxyl-M; Fludioxonil® (75 ml) + Pyraclostrobin; Thiophanate-methyl; Fipronil® (150 ml). Treatments with fungicides and insecticides considerably improved the physiological properties of the seeds, thus being able to guarantee greater phytosanitary qualities in the field, generating healthier seedlings and with protection against possible pests and diseases, and consequently guaranteeing greater productivity.


JURNAL PANGAN ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (3) ◽  
pp. 147-154
Author(s):  
Yahumri Yahumri ◽  
Yartiwi Yartiwi ◽  
Ahmad Damiri ◽  
Rudi Hartono
Keyword(s):  

Teknologi jajar legowo super merupakan integrasi berbagai teknologi yang diharapkan dapat meningkatkan produktivitas komoditas padi. Komponen teknologi jarwo super terdiri dari budidaya jajar legowo, pemanfaatan alat mesin pertanian, benih unggul, pemupukan dengan dosis optimal menggunakan Perangkat Uji Tanah Sawah, pemanfaatan dekomposer M-Dec dalam pengelolaan limbah jerami, pemanfaatan pupuk hayati Agrimeth dalam seed treatment dan biopestisida untuk pengendalian organisme pengganggu tanaman. Tujuan pengkajian untuk membandingkan respons pertumbuhan dan daya hasil beberapa varietas unggul baru padi sawah pada sistem tanam jajar legowo 2:1 dengan jarak tanam yang berbeda melalui pendekatan paket teknologi budidaya jajar legowo super. Pengkajian dilakukan pada bulan Juli–Oktober tahun 2016 di Desa Tanjung Besar, Kecamatan Kedurang, Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan, Provinsi Bengkulu, menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok faktorial. Faktor pertama Jarak Tanam (j) sebanyak 2 taraf dan faktor kedua penggunaan varietas unggul baru padi sawah (v) sebanyak 4 taraf. Masing-masing kombinasi perlakuan diulang sebanyak 6 kali. Hasil pengkajian menunjukkan bahwa varietas Inpari 10 dan Inpari 30 memberikan respons terbaik dalam mendukung pertumbuhan dan hasil yang ditanam dengan sistem tanam jajar legowo yaitu jarak tanam [(20x10) x40 cm] dengan jumlah anakan produktif masing-masing 17 dan 15 batang/rumpun, dan produktivitas gabah kering panen 7,57 ton/ha dan 7,20 ton/ha.


2022 ◽  
Vol 951 (1) ◽  
pp. 012060
Author(s):  
Syamsuddin ◽  
Halimursyadah ◽  
Samingan ◽  
V Maulidia

Abstract The research aims to find out the effect of pre-germination treatment seeds using rhizobacteria as plant growth promotion of two varieties of red chili peppers in the field. The experiment used a randomized design of factorial groups. Factors studied were varieties (V) and rhizobacteria types (R). The variety factor consists of 2 varieties namely PM999 (V1) and Kiyo F1 (V2). While the type of rhizobacteria factor tried consists of 8 treatment, namely, control (R0), Azotobacter sp. (R1), B. megaterium (R2), P. atmuta (R3), B. alvei (R4), Flavobacterium sp. (R5), B. coagulans (R6), B. firmus (R7) and B. pilymixa (Rs). Each treatment was repeated 3 times, so there were 48 experimental units. Each unit of experiment is represented by 5 sample plants. The data was analyzed using ANOVA and continued with DMRT test at real level α = 0.05. The results showed that vegetative growth and production of chili plants until the age of 45 days after planting in each variety is not dependent on the pre-germination treatment of seeds with rhizobacteria. But the varieties of chili plants used affect vegetative growth and production. PM999 varieties are superior to the Kiyo F1 variety. Pre-germination treatment of seeds using rhizobacteria is relatively effective in improving vegetative growth and yield of chili plants. Among the 8 isolates rizobacteria isolate Azotobacter sp., B. megaterium, B. coagulants, Flavobacterium sp., and P. atmuta relatively effective to provide an increased effect on the growth and production of chili plants.


2022 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 01009
Author(s):  
E. Yu. Podlasova ◽  
S. V. Lebedev

It is impossible to organize proper feeding of farm animals without a detailed study of the composition of the nutritional content of feed. Legume-grass mixtures occupy one of main places in solving the problem of high-quality feed production. Since mixed crops of legumes and cereals retain high fodder quality of green mass due to high protein content in legumes. To meet the need for a high-quality feed base, it is necessary to look for ways to increase the yield of fodder crops. The use of innovative technologies is one of the components of modern crop production. The aim of the study was to study the methods of seed treatment in conjunction with the technology of mixed crops; it allows obtaining a green mass with the desired productive properties. Thus, the article presents the materials of a field study on the development of a highly productive green feed. The results of the study of combined and mixed crops on the nutritional value and productivity of annual forages of peas, millet, and barley using pre-sowing seed treatment with ultrafine particles of SiO2; MoO2; Fe3O4 and growth regulators AgroVerm and RibavExtra were obtained. As a result of the experiment, it was shown that the use of pre-sowing treatment of seeds with ultradispersed SiO2 particles in combined crops showed the maximum leaf surface area of 85.5 thousand m2/ha. By the time of harvesting, the safety of plants on variants with the use of SiO2; Fe3O4; MoO2 was 88.4%; 87.5%; 86.5% respectively. According to the collection of digestible protein, variant with the use of ultrafine particles SiO2 was 20% in both sowing methods. Low protein content was 16.1%; 16.4% in the control variants respectively. According to the content of feed units in 1 kg of dry matter, SiO2 variants prevail with 0.91. Thus, the research is the basis for possible studying of combined and mixed crops with the use of pre-sowing seed treatment with ultrafine particles. It allows obtaining high-quality feed.


2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Bruno Tabarelli Scheidt ◽  
Evandro Zacca Ferreira ◽  
Flávio Chupel Martins ◽  
Juliano Berghetti ◽  
Marília Michalski De Pieri ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT: The fungus Microdochium albescens can interfere in the germination of seeds and in the death of rice seedlings; however, there is not technical indication for its control by seed treatment. This research evaluated the efficiency of fungicides in the treatment of pre-germinated and dryland rice seeds in the control of M. albescens. Seeds of the cultivars, Epagri 109, SCS116 Satoru, SCS121 CL and SCS122 Miura were treated with the following fungicides (g a.i./100 kg of seeds): fluazinam + thiophanate methyl (9.45 + 63), pyraclostrobin + thiophanate methyl (5 + 45), carboxin + thiram (60 + 60), metalaxyl-M + thiabendazole + fludioxonil (3 + 22.5 + 3.75), carbendazim + thiram (45 + 105), carbendazim (45). Seeds without fungicide treatment constituted the control. The treated seeds were sown in potato-sucrose-agar (PSA) culture medium and incubated at 25 ± 2 °C and photoperiod of 12 hours for 14 days. Treated seeds were also submitted to the germination test. Fluazinam + thiophanate methyl and metalaxyl-M + thiabendazole + fludioxonil showed greater control of M. albescens, not differing statistically between them, in the five cultivars and in the two cultivation systems. The tested fungicides provided seed germination above 90% in the four cultivars.


Chemosphere ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 287 ◽  
pp. 132158
Author(s):  
Xiaowen Gu ◽  
Qinghua Zhang ◽  
Yifan Jia ◽  
Min Cao ◽  
Wei Zhang ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Said Asif Sarbaz ◽  
Satish Kumar ◽  
Suresh Kumar ◽  
Kautilya Chaudhary ◽  
Jogander Kumar ◽  
...  

The field experiment was conducted at wheat research farm of CCS Haryana Agriculture University during Rabi season of 2019-20 to study nitrogen nutrition through organic and inorganic source of fertilizer on growth phenology, yield and quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with three replications containing 16 treatments combination i.e T1-Control; T2-100% RDN through urea; T3- 100% RDN through FYM; T4-100% RDN through vermicompost; T5-50% RDN through urea+ 50% RDN through FYM; T6-50% RDN through urea+ 50% RDN through vermicompost; T7-25% RDN through urea+ 75% RDN through FYM; T8-25% RDN through urea 75% RDN through vermicompost; T9-100% RDN through urea + Azotobacter; T10-100% RDN through FYM + Azotobacter; T11-100% RDN through vermicompost + Azotobacter; T12-50% RDN through urea+ 50% RDN through FYM + Azotobacter; T13-50% RDN through urea+ 50% RDN through vermicompost + Azotobacter; T14-25% RDN through urea+ 75% RDN through FYM + Azotobacter; T15-25% RDN through urea+ 75% RDN through vermicompost + Azotobacter; T16- Azotobacter. Treatment T9, 100% nitrogen nutrition through chemical fertilizer (urea) with seed treatment of Azotobacter has taken significantly maximum days to emergence (5.3). Days taken to 50% spike emergence (94.7) and days taken to maturity (148.0) respectively. Similarly T9 had significantly higher grain yield (5640 kg/ha), hectoliter weight (83.167 kg/ha), grain appearance score (7.933 scale/10) and protein content (12.90 %) of wheat during the research period respectively.


Author(s):  
Dipankar Mandal ◽  
Rini Pal ◽  
Atanu Seni ◽  
Ashok K. Mohanty

Background: YMV disease in mungbean is one of the major disease causing heavy losses annually throughout the country. As the disease is transmitted by insect vector, management of vector is important to check the YMV disease that can minimise the losses. The present investigation was aimed to evaluate different IPM modules for management of YMV disease of mungbean. Methods: Field experiments were carried out during Rabi season of 2016-17 and 2017-18 at the Research Farm of Regional Research and Technology Transfer Station, Chiplima, Sambalpur, Odisha, India. Population of whitefly was recorded on three leaves selected from top, middle and bottom canopy of the plant. Disease severity was recorded by using 0-9 scale. Result: The IPM module i.e. seed treatment with Thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 5 gm kg-1 of seed, installation of yellow sticky trap @ 50 ha-1 and spraying of Acetamiprid 20 SP @ 0.3 gm l-1 of water was found as the most effective among all other modules. Pooled analysis of two years data revealed that 65.5% YMV disease control and 59.3% reduction of white fly population over control were performed by the said IPM module. A maximum increase in yield (84.8%) and highest cost benefit ratio (1.77) were also achieved with the module.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Taline N. C. Neves ◽  
Josemar Foresti ◽  
Paulo R. Silva ◽  
Elcio Alves ◽  
Renato Rocha ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (4) ◽  
pp. 202-212
Author(s):  
N. G. Vlasenko* ◽  
V. A. Pavlyushin ◽  
O. I. Teplyakova ◽  
O. V. Kulagin ◽  
D. O. Morozov

The paper presents data on a comparative test of the efficacy of chemical, fungal and bacterial fungicides in limiting the harmfulness of main diseases of spring wheat. The research was carried out on leached chernozem of the forest-steppe of Priobye of the Novosibirsk region. It was shown that Sternifag, SP reduces the development of root rot at the end of the growing season by 48 %, which is comparable to the effect of a chemical dressing agent Scarlet, ME (imazalil+tebuconazole) and is slightly inferior to the action of combined application of fungal preparation Trichocin, SP with the bacterial preparation Vitaplan, SP (55 %). Preplanting seed treatment effectively reduced the development of leaf infections: Scarlet, ME suppressed the development of Septoria blotch by 54 %, Scarlet, ME + Vitaplan, SP – of powdery mildew by 69 %, Trichotsin,SP + Vitaplan, SP – of brown rust by 74 %. Fungicide Titul 390, KKR reduced the development of these diseases by 60, 81 and 85 %, respectively. Alirin-B, W with Trichocin, SP suppressed brown rust by 64 %. Cellulolytic activity increased 1.3–1.9 times compared to the control as a result of the action of biological products and Sternifag, SP. The amount of plant residues decreased 2.4 and 1.9 times 15 and 30 days after application. The greatest increase in yield was provided by chemical fungicides – 0.7 t / ha, they were not inferior to the use of Alirin-B, W with Vitaplan, SP against the background of etching with Scarlet, ME fungicide.


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