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2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 89-103 ◽  
Author(s):  
Adam Wahida ◽  
Muhammad Hendra Himawan

Conflict claims for the cultural heritage of batik between Indonesia and Malaysia have created tensions between the people of these two countries. The Indonesian and Malaysian governments have never involved academics and arts education institutions in resolving such conflict claims, yet, these communities can play a significant role in post-conflict reconciliation efforts. This article describes a conflict reconciliation method initiated by academics, artists and art educators through a collaborative art project between art higher education institutions in Malaysia and Indonesia. Ways in which collaborations within and across the art and education communities may address the understanding and reconciliation of issues related to cultural heritage conflict are explored.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-23
Author(s):  
Deepa Bura ◽  
Amit Choudhary
Keyword(s):  

Software plays an important role in effective computing and communication of any services. It become crucial to identify some critical parts of the software that can lead to enhanced computing and increases efficiency of the software. Dependency plays a significant role in finding relationship amongst classes and predicting change prone classes. This paper aims to enhance Behavioral Dependency by defining 6 types of dependencies amongst classes. These are (i) direct behavioral dependency (ii) indirect behavioral dependency (iii) internal behavioral dependency (iv) external behavioral dependency (v) indirect internal behavioral dependency and (vi) Indirect External Behavioral Dependency. Evaluating these dependencies, gives accurate results for the prediction of change prone classes. Further, paper compares proposed approach with existing methods.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 0-0
Keyword(s):  

Software plays an important role in effective computing and communication of any services. It become crucial to identify some critical parts of the software that can lead to enhanced computing and increases efficiency of the software. Dependency plays a significant role in finding relationship amongst classes and predicting change prone classes. This paper aims to enhance Behavioral Dependency by defining 6 types of dependencies amongst classes. These are (i) direct behavioral dependency (ii) indirect behavioral dependency (iii) internal behavioral dependency (iv) external behavioral dependency (v) indirect internal behavioral dependency and (vi) Indirect External Behavioral Dependency. Evaluating these dependencies, gives accurate results for the prediction of change prone classes. Further, paper compares proposed approach with existing methods.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 77-90
Author(s):  
St. Marwiyah

Abstrak[English]: The research focused on the role of the taklim assembly on the development of Bergama awareness in the community of Bara Subdistrict, with the aim of: to understand the background established by the taklim assembly in Bara Subdistrict, and to understand the activities of the taklim assembly in Bara Subdistrict, understand the role of the taklim assembly in increasing religious awareness, understand the methods the method used in the activities of the majelis taklim. This research uses descriptive qualitative method, which describes the phenomena found in the research field. In collecting data researchers used techniques; observation, interview, documentation. As for data management techniques and data analysis, researchers use; data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The results showed that; majelis taklim was established in Bara Subdistrict because there are still many Muslims who still do not understand the teachings of Islam properly, majelis taklim is also active in carrying out religious activities and community activities. The researcher also found a significant role for the majelis taklim, because it could change the behavior of the members of the majelis taklim in the direction of the teachings of Islam. Abstrak[Indonesia]: Penelitian difokuskan pada peranan majelis taklim terhadap pengembangan kesadaran Bergama masyarakat Kecamatan Bara, dengan tujuan: (1) untuk memahami  latarbelakang didirikan majelis taklim di Kecamatan Bara; (2) untuk memahami kegiatan-kegiatan majelis taklim di Kecamatan Bara; (3) untuk memahami peranan majelis taklim dalam meningkatkan kesadaran beragama, (4) untuk memahami metode-metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan majelis taklim. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif, yaitu mendeskripsikan fenomena-fenomena yang ditemukan dalam lapangan penelitian. Dalam mengumpulkan data peneliti menggunakan teknik; observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi. Adapun teknik pengelolaan data dan analisis data, peneliti menggunakan; reduksi data, sajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa; majelis taklim didirikan di Kecamatan Bara karena masih banyak umat Islam yang masih kurang memahami ajaran Islam dengan baik, majelis taklim juga aktif melakukan kegiatan-kegiatan keagamaan dan kegiatan kemasyarakatan. Peneliti juga menemukan peranan majelis taklim yang signifikan, karena dapat merubah perilaku anggota-anggota majelis taklim ke arah sesuai dengan tuntunan ajaran Islam.


Author(s):  
Sevil Erdenliğ Gürbilek ◽  
Neval Berrin Arserim ◽  
Osman Yaşar Tel ◽  
Zeynep Sertkaya ◽  
Oktay Keskin

Backgorund: Bacteriophages are closely related to the evolution and virulence of some important bacterial pathogens. Due to their highly significant roles in pathogenesis and virulence, S. aureus bacteriophages are frequently studied. Bacteriophages are grouped into two main categories depending on their life cycles. There are highly consistently lytic phages (virulent) and temperate phages. This study aimed to isolate bacteriophages and determine their phage serogroups from phage plaques in S. aureus cultures in order to show if they are lytic or lysogenic, the latter plays a major role in horizontal gene transfer. Methods: A total of 234 S. aureus isolates were recovered from milk samples from cases with gangrenous mastitis in sheep. Staphylococcal phages are determined based on the type and serogroup by PCR using specific primers. Result: Our study allowed us to determine serogroups of the isolated bacteriophages. Two phage stock samples included only one serogroup while the others included more than one phage serotypes and needed further purification Fa, L and D serogroups were not determined in the study. Present work revealed that all the isolated phages were temperate phages, which play a highly significant role in horizontal gene transfer.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 47-51
Author(s):  
Dawn Fei-yue Tsang

This research project aims at consolidating and revitalizing translation and interpreting pedagogy with dual emphasis on the cultural soft power and international discourse rights of China via emphasizing international competitiveness. In order to realize the significant needs of the current market requirements and the new era of China, this project proposes the “ICC” interpreting training model. It refers to the combination of intercultural communication competency with international competitiveness as the teaching and learning outcomes by means of integrating the following five components in the course content and the whole curriculum design: (1) interpreting competency – bilingual competence and interpreting skill-based training; e.g., short-term memory and note-taking; (2) national value – strengthening translation and the crucial roles and responsibilities of interpreter trainers and trainees in disseminating national culture; (3) expertise of subject matters – equipping students with expertise for work field and meeting the market requirements; e.g., specific professional knowledge and jargons demanded by the tasks; (4) professional ethics and image – extra-linguistic knowledge emphasizing a translator’s and an interpreter’s professional code of conduct and ethics in a way that can establish the “iconic” image of a professional interpreter; e.g., confidentiality, posture, and appearance; (5) practical assessment – evaluation of students’ performance in practical translation and interpreting opportunities and/or internship in organizations of various natures according to international standards. This research proposes a new training model to incorporate intercultural communication competency with international competitiveness. The significant role of interpreting pedagogy in contributing to a sound national name is investigated. The new “ICC” model that this research is proposing answers such a call for the significant role of raising cultural soft power and international discourse rights in China.  


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 869
Author(s):  
Adela Lazăr ◽  
Ioana Sîrbu ◽  
Karla Barth ◽  
Claudia Bacter ◽  
Adrian Hatos

(1) Background: Sustainability is a crucial priority and a critical part of the modern world. Promoting pro-social values to the younger generation is an issue addressed throughout this paper. The present study aims to answer the question of whether generosity, as a positive attitude towards others, and sustainability, as a positive attitude towards the environment, are related. (2) Methods: The current research includes a sample of 4333 adolescents, ages 14 and 15, who attend schools in Bihor County, Romania. (3) Results: The regression analysis indicates a significant correlation between sustainable values, operationalized through adolescent involvement in environmental organisations, and generosity. (4) Conclusions: Sustainable behaviour can be considered a form of giving that contributes to the collective good. Our research outlines a significant need for a new set of competencies provided through a newly designed curriculum and/or through focused training, in order to cultivate generosity across cultures, ecologies, and generations; at the same time, we also highlight the significant role that the joint efforts of the school-family-library trifecta in supporting this goal.


Author(s):  
Eugenia Namiot ◽  
Maxim Khakhin

MicroRNAs are non-coding molecules that play a significant role in the development of the disease. MicroRNAs can act as biomarkers or independently lead to the development of a disease. Due to the large numbers of microRNAs, most of the current works focus on the creation of a new way of microRNA clustering or grouping. Today, there are a huge number of different databases that distribute open microRNAs into groups. The problem is that there is no way to evaluate such databases and created clusters. In this work, we propose a new method for assessing the distribution of microRNAs in a cluster, which in the future can be used to predict new sequential ones capable of causing disease. The proposed method can also be used for a better understanding of the mechanisms of various diseases. Since cardiovascular diseases rank first in terms of the number of deaths, they were chosen as the analyzed ones. The Human microRNA Disease Database was used as an analyzed database in this work. The obtained results show that the proposed method can analyze the created databases and can be used in further practice. The proposed model makes it possible to predict new microRNAs for given diagnoses.


Author(s):  
Tanya Escudero

While formal features constituting the outer form of the poem in Spanish, such as the stress pattern or the rhyme, are usually the most evident to the reader and may be particularly relevant to the translator, other mechanisms based on repetition are essential in the rhythmic configuration of the poem. Based on a corpus of sixty-two Spanish translations of Shakespeare's Sonnets, this article analyses how anaphoras, alliterations and parallelisms have been translated and highlights the significant role that some of these figures play in the target poems.


Disabilities ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 28-40
Author(s):  
Amani Karisa ◽  
Judith McKenzie

Father involvement could play a significant role in the lives of children with disabilities. Research is scarce on father involvement in the education of children with disabilities in Africa. We seek to provide a context for father involvement in the formal education of children with disabilities in Kenya, with the aim of contributing to the development of a conceptual understanding for father involvement in such a circumstance. We examine general research on father involvement in Kenya, explore the policy frameworks that guide fatherhood in the country, and look at the specific area of involvement in education. We then present a case study that examines father involvement in the formal education of children with disabilities in Kenya. Our analysis flags up a key opportunity in the pursuit of education for children with disabilities when fathers are involved; they can support their children with disabilities’ access, participation and success in education. We highlight the need for research that builds upon the voices of fathers to illuminate their role in education and we also make some suggestions toward a conceptual lens that will highlight the contextual realities involved, particularly in regard to the education of children with disabilities.


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