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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 522-532
Jiaqi Hou ◽  
Xinjie Chen ◽  
Nan Jiang ◽  
Yanan Wang ◽  
Yi Cui ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (2) ◽  
Ricardo Augusto Neves Forner ◽  
Karine Ludwig Takeuti ◽  
Elisa Rigo De Conti ◽  
Monica Santi ◽  
Fernando Pandolfo Bortolozzo ◽  

ABSTRACT: Gilts represent a group risk for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vertical transmission in swine herds. Therefore, parity segregation can be an alternative to control M. hyopneumoniae infections. The study evaluated the effect of parity segregation on M. hyopneumoniae infection dynamics and occurrence and severity of lung lesions at slaughter. For that, three multiple site herds were included in the study. Herd A consisted of the farm where gilts would have their first farrowing (parity order (PO) 1). After the first farrowing PO 1 sows were transferred to herd B (PO2-6). Herd C was a conventional herd with gilt replacement (PO1-6). Piglets born in each herd were raised in separated nursery and finishing units. Sows (n = 33 (A), 37 (B), 34 (C)) in all herds were sampled prior to farrowing and piglets (n = 54 (A), 71 (B), 66 (C)) were sampled longitudinally at 21, 63, 100, 140 days of age and at slaughter for M. hyopneumoniae detection by PCR and lung lesions scoring. M. hyopneumoniae prevalence in sows did not differ among herds. Prevalence of positive piglets was higher at weaning in the PO1 herd (A) (P < 0.05). However, prevalence of positive pigs from 100 days of age to slaughter age was higher in the PO2-6 herd (B) (P < 0.05). Lung lesion occurrence and severity were higher in herd B. The authors suggested that the lack of a proper gilt acclimation might have influenced the results, leading to sows being detected positive at farrowing, regardless of the parity.

2021 ◽  
pp. 489-490
Debapoma Biswas ◽  
Saurabh Sutradhar ◽  
Argha Rajbanshi ◽  
Priyankar Pal

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a severe and rare form of antiphospholipid syndrome, extremely uncommon inthe pediatric age group, characterized by multiple site thrombosis involving small, medium, and large blood vessels occurring over a short period of time (usually 1 week) causing multiorgan failure. We report the case of an 8-year-old girl presenting with fever, lymphadenopathy, and pain abdomen with refractory mitral regurgitation diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus with CAPS. All three antiphospholipid antibodies positivity in high titers further confirmed the diagnosis. In spite of the early initiation of adequate triple therapy (anticoagulation, steroids, and cyclophosphamide), our patient succumbed. The report aims to incorporate a greater awareness among clinicians for timely diagnosis and treatment of this condition and throws light on the varying ways in which lupus can present in children.

eNeuro ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. ENEURO.0160-21.2021
Björn Budde ◽  
Vladimir Maksimenko ◽  
Kelvin Sarink ◽  
Thomas Seidenbecher ◽  
Gilles van Luijtelaar ◽  

Erwei Huang ◽  
Ivan Orozco ◽  
Pedro J. Ramírez ◽  
Zongyuan Liu ◽  
Feng Zhang ◽  

Cells ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. 2877
Jang Bae Moon ◽  
Su Woong Yoo ◽  
Changho Lee ◽  
Dong-Yeon Kim ◽  
Ayoung Pyo ◽  

Bone metastasis (BM) is the most common malignant bone tumor and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for patients with cancer. Compared to other metastatic organs, bone has unique characteristics in terms of the tumor microenvironment (TME). Precise assessments of the TME in BM could be an important step for developing an optimized management plan for patient care. Imaging approaches for BM have several advantages, such as biopsy not being required, multiple site evaluation, and serial assessment in the same sites. Owing to the developments of new imaging tracers or imaging modalities, bone TME could be visualized using multimodal imaging techniques. In this review, we describe the BM pathophysiology, diagnostic principles of major imaging modalities, and clinically available imaging modalities to visualize the TME in BM. We also discuss how the interactions between various factors affecting the TME could be visualized using multimodal imaging techniques.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Qianhao Li ◽  
Qinsheng Hu ◽  
Mohammed Alqwbani ◽  
Donghai Li ◽  
Zhouyuan Yang ◽  

Abstract Background Adductor canal block (ACB) with additional nerve blocks (ANBs) is reported to provide adequate analgesia and enhanced functional rehabilitation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The present study aims to evaluate whether ANBs are superior to multiple-site infiltration analgesia (MIA) in patients undergoing TKA under ACB. Methods We enrolled 530 patients undergoing primary TKA from 2015 to 2019 at our institution in this retrospective cohort study. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A was treated with ANBs + ACB; Group B was treated with MIA + ACB. Primary outcomes were pain scores and morphine consumption. Functional recovery was the secondary outcome. Other outcomes included satisfaction score, cost-effectiveness, adverse events, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Results Pain scores at rest and morphine consumption were slightly lower in the ANBs + ACB group than in the MIA + ACB group. No significant difference was found in functional recovery, post-operative complications or LOS between the groups. Meanwhile, the cost of analgesic intervention in the MIA + ACB group was less than that in the ANBs + ACB group. Conclusion The present study suggests that ANBs do not provide superior pain relief compared to MIA for patients undergoing TKA under ACB. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2100043227. Registered 9 February 2021,

2021 ◽  
Shuanglin He ◽  
Fang Huang ◽  
Qianqian Wu ◽  
Ping zhang ◽  
ying xiong ◽  

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