vancomycin therapy
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2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (1) ◽  
pp. 779-779
Timothy Rice ◽  
Christopher Droege ◽  
Molly Droege ◽  
Eric Mueller ◽  
Neil Ernst ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 234-236
Deepali Bhandari Parashar ◽  
Manav Manchanda ◽  
Sunil Nagar

A 54 years old female came to emergency with the complaints of pain in abdomen, recurrent vomiting, abdominal distention and not able to pass flatus since two days. Patient was managed in intensive care unit and was empirically put on Meropenem and Targocid. She developed multiple episodes of loose motion, and stool culture was sent which was positive for Clostridium defficle. Therefore, patient was put on Vancomycin and Metrogyl. The blood cultures reported growth of Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides. Infection with Leuconostoc may cause fever, intravenous catheter-related sepsis, bacteremia, abdominal pain, gastroenteritis, colitis or meningitis. To summarize this rare organism which is most commonly seen in immunocompromised patients, was isolated in a previously healthy individual, post Vancomycin therapy with prolonged ICU stays.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (F) ◽  
pp. 683-689
Ratih Puspita Febrinasari ◽  
Benedictus Benedictus ◽  
Akhmad Azmiardi

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a dangerous condition that threatens life because of immune system dysregulation caused by an infection resulting in organ failure. One of the most common resistant strain bacteria that can cause sepsis is Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Vancomycin is the first-line therapy for treating sepsis infection caused by MRSA, but recently there have been some MRSA strains that are resistant to vancomycin therapy. AIM: This study aimed to review comparison between vancomycin and daptomycin for sepsis infection antibiotics therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was a systematic review using three databases such as PubMed, ProQuest, and ScienceDirect. The journal articles included in this study were about randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies published from 2011 to 2020. RESULTS: This research included seven RCT studies, but none of them discuss the usage of daptomycin for sepsis treatment caused by MRSA. They discuss more the effect of dose, method of administration, and side effects of vancomycin therapy in relation to the outcome of the patient. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the lack of RCT articles that conducted experiments of daptomycin usage for sepsis treatment caused by MRSA infection, this research could not compare the effectiveness between vancomycin and daptomycin. However, from some case reports included in this research, there was evidence that the usage of daptomycin base after vancomycin treatment failure will cause another treatment failure.

Sohrab Salimi ◽  
Hamid Reza Khayat Kashani ◽  
Shirzad Azhari ◽  
Sohrab Sadeghi ◽  
Siavash Sheikhghomy ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. S225-S226
Chanah Gallagher ◽  
Russell J Benefield ◽  
Laura Certain

Abstract Background The Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotics for Bone and Joint Infection (OVIVA) trial determined oral antibiotics administered during the first six weeks of therapy were non-inferior to parenteral antibiotics. There was no difference in the incidence of serious adverse effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of de-escalating to oral therapy compared to continuing parenteral vancomycin therapy in patients with orthopedic infections in a real-world setting. Methods We conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study of patients discharged between April 1, 2018 and April 1, 2020 with an orthopedic infection, a prescription for at least four weeks of parenteral vancomycin, and documented follow-up. The primary outcome was incidence of adverse events defined as provider documentation of the event and changes to therapy. The secondary outcome was incidence of 6-month treatment failure defined as repeat surgical intervention or therapy escalation. Results One hundred fifty-seven patients were included. Twenty-nine (18.5%) patients were de-escalated to oral therapy. Three (10%) patients in the oral therapy group had an adverse event compared to 35 (27%) in the vancomycin group (p=0.058). Of the 35 patients with an adverse event in the vancomycin group, eight were due to parenteral access-related complications. Treatment failure occurred in three (10%) patients in the oral therapy group compared to 27 (21%) patients in the vancomycin group (p=0.29). Three (10%) patients in the oral therapy group had an unplanned readmission compared to 25 (20%) patients in the vancomycin group (p=0.24). Baseline Characteristics, Unplanned Readmission Rates, and Incidence of Adverse Events and 6-Month Treatment Failure Conclusion Patients de-escalated to oral therapy had fewer adverse events and similar incidences of treatment failure compared to patients maintained on parenteral vancomycin. Switching to oral therapy avoids some adverse events related to parenteral access. Our results in an uncontrolled, real-world setting are consistent with the OVIVA trial. Though limited by sample size, our data indicate switching to oral therapy in patients with an orthopedic infection improves safety outcomes without compromising effectiveness compared to continued parenteral vancomycin therapy. Disclosures Russell J. Benefield, PharmD, Paratek Pharmaceuticals (Grant/Research Support)

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (8) ◽  
pp. e244209
Ian Savchenko ◽  
Tatiana Birg ◽  
Oleg Sharipov ◽  
Yulia Davydova

Vancomycin is a widely used antibiotic and rarely can cause drug-induced thrombocytopenia. A patient with hospital-acquired meningitis after neurosurgery was treated with systemic and intrathecal vancomycin. On 9th day of antibiotic treatment, the patient’s platelets dropped to 0.68×109/L. Multiple platelet transfusions had minimal influence on platelet count. After cessation of vancomycin therapy, platelets returned to normal values without any additional interventions. Diagnosis of vancomycin-induced thrombocytopenia was confirmed by detection of drug-dependent antiplatelet IgG antibodies.

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