early identification
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 90 ◽  
pp. 114-134
Wendy M. Reinke ◽  
Keith C. Herman ◽  
Francis Huang ◽  
Chynna McCall ◽  
Shannon Holmes ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 69-80
Manish Kumar Sharma ◽  
Archna Sharma

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon fulminant disease of single or polymicrobial infectious origin characterized by rapid necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fasciae. The disease has high mortality rate. Early identification, timely surgical debridement, broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, aggressive wound care and intensive medical care of the patient are of paramount importance for better prognosis. We present a case report and review of literature of cervical necrotizing fasciitis with a thorough insight into its epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Jie Qian ◽  
Hui Xu

The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has caused a large number of deaths, and there is still no effective treatment. COVID-19 can induce a systemic inflammatory response, and its clinical manifestations are diverse. Recently, it has been reported that COVID-19 patients may develop myositis and interstitial pulmonary disease similar to dermatomyositis (DM). This condition is similar to the rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease associated with MDA5+ DM that has a poor prognosis and high mortality, and this poses a challenge for an early identification. Suppression of the immune system can protect COVID-19 patients by preventing the production of inflammatory cytokines. This article attempts to explore the possibility of a relationship between COVID-19 and DM in terms of the potential pathogenesis and clinical features and to analyze the therapeutic effect of the immunosuppressive drugs that are commonly used for the treatment of both DM and COVID-19.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 569
Sara Rosenblum ◽  
Sonya Meyer ◽  
Ariella Richardson ◽  
Sharon Hassin-Baer

Early identification of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients can lessen emotional and physical complications. In this study, a cognitive functional (CF) feature using cognitive and daily living items of the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale served to define PD patients as suspected or not for MCI. The study aimed to compare objective handwriting performance measures with the perceived general functional abilities (PGF) of both groups, analyze correlations between handwriting performance measures and PGF for each group, and find out whether participants’ general functional abilities, depression levels, and digitized handwriting measures predicted this CF feature. Seventy-eight participants diagnosed with PD by a neurologist (25 suspected for MCI based on the CF feature) completed the PGF as part of the Daily Living Questionnaire and wrote on a digitizer-affixed paper in the Computerized Penmanship Handwriting Evaluation Test. Results indicated significant group differences in PGF scores and handwriting stroke width, and significant medium correlations between PGF score, pen-stroke width, and the CF feature. Regression analyses indicated that PGF scores and mean stroke width accounted for 28% of the CF feature variance above age. Nuances of perceived daily functional abilities validated by objective measures may contribute to the early identification of suspected PD-MCI.

2022 ◽  
Arjang Salehi ◽  
Sirus Salari ◽  
Jennifer Daglian ◽  
Kevin Chen ◽  
Tallie Baram ◽  

Febrile status epilepticus (FSE) is an important risk factor for temporal lobe epilepsy and early identification is vital. In a rat model of FSE, we identified an acute novel MRI signal in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) at 2 hours post FSE that predicted epilepsy in adulthood. This signal remains incompletely understood and hypothesized that it might derive from changes to vascular topology. Experimental FSE was induced in rat pups and compared to normothermic littermate controls. We examined cerebral vascular topology at 2 hours, using a novel vessel painting and analysis protocol. Blood vessel density of the cortical vasculature was significantly reduced in FSE rats, and this effect was lateralized, as reported for the MRI signal. The middle cerebral artery (MCA) exhibited abnormal topology in FSE pups but not in controls. In the BLA, significant vessel junction reductions and decreased vessel diameter were observed, together with a strong trend for reduced vessel length. In summary, FSE results in acute vascular topological changes in the cortex and BLA that may underlie the acute MRI signal that predicts progression to future epilepsy. The altered vasculature may be amenable to intervention treatments to potentially reduce the probability of progression to epilepsy following FSE.

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Chun Kai Yew ◽  
Siti Fatimah Noor Mat Johar ◽  
Wee Yi Lim

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaocheng Zhang ◽  
Peiyu Huang ◽  
Ruiting Zhang

Cerebral edema is a common complication of acute ischemic stroke that leads to poorer functional outcomes and substantially increases the mortality rate. Given that its negative effects can be reduced by more intensive monitoring and evidence-based interventions, the early identification of patients with a high risk of severe edema is crucial. Neuroimaging is essential for the assessment and prediction of edema. Simple markers, such as midline shift and hypodensity volume on computed tomography, have been used to evaluate edema in clinical trials; however, advanced techniques can be applied to examine the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we aimed to review current imaging tools in the assessment and prediction of cerebral edema to provide guidance for using these methods in clinical practice.

2022 ◽  
Ling Wu ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
Yao Wang ◽  
Xiao Ke Wu ◽  

Review question / Objective: Early identification of women potentially who develop POI and POF is essential for early screening and treatment to improve clinical outcomes. We aim to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis update, subgroup, ranking and network analysis for all available genetic polymorphism and associated with the POI and POF risk. Information sources: Six electronic databases will be included such as PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, MEDLINE, WANFANG DATA, CNKI. Will contact with authors by emails when necessary.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
Upender Malik ◽  
Shilpa Dutta Malik ◽  
Chhavi Srivastava

: The reactivated form of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is responsible for chickenpox, known as herpes zoster (HZ). Although it is a self-limiting infection, it presents debilitating and painful mucosal and dermal vesicular eruptions. Early identification and management are vital to curbing the spread of HZ infection. In this extensive review, we present an overview of HZ, including its structure, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, complications, investigations, and management. Our review also highlights the prophylaxis and treatment of complications manifested by the VZV.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document