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Author(s):  
В.П. Смоленцев ◽  
А.А. Извеков

Рассмотрены вопросы изготовления открытых и полуоткрытых полостей в труднообрабатываемых деталях путем использования твердого электролита, наносимого на заготовку перед установкой удаляемой вставки. Показаны особенности протекания процесса анодного растворения припуска при статическом состоянии рабочей среды. Такие исследования выполнены впервые. Разработаны и проверены на практике изготовления типовых деталей режимы обработки для реализации процесса. Показано, что твердые электролиты имеют перспективы для дальнейшего использования при проектировании технологических процессов изготовления сложнопрофильных изделий из металлических труднообрабатываемых материалов, в том числе внедряемых на создаваемых образцах ракетно-космической техники. Они расширяют технологические возможности комбинированных методов, в которых одним из воздействующих факторов является электрическое и электромагнитное поле с высокой концентрацией мощности в импульсе. Впервые достигнута возможность разделять сборочные единицы путем образования зазора между сопрягаемыми деталями без доступа в зону обработки жидкой рабочей среды, определяющей возможность локального съема припуска в месте сопряжения и удаления слоя материала, достаточного для разборки узлов. Заложены основы использования для нанесения твердого электролита аддитивных технологий путем наращивания равномерных слоев перед сборкой изделия. Предлагаемая технология перспективна для изготовления сборных конструкций с ограниченным доступом инструмента в зону выполнения операции. Кроме того, новая технология может успешно применяться в процессе ремонта машин We considered the issues of manufacturing open and semi-open cavities in difficult-to-machine parts by using solid electrolyte applied to the workpiece before installing the removable insert. We show the features of the process of anodic dissolution of the allowance at a static state of the working medium. Such studies have been performed for the first time. We developed and tested in practice the processing modes for the implementation of the process for the manufacture of standard parts. We show that solid electrolytes have prospects for further use in the design of technological processes for the manufacture of complex-profile products from metal hard-to-machine materials, including those introduced on the created samples of rocket and space technology. They expand the technological capabilities of combined methods, in which one of the influencing factors is an electric and electromagnetic field with a high concentration of power in a pulse. For the first time, the ability to separate assembly units by forming a gap between mating parts without access to the processing zone of a liquid working medium has been achieved, which determines the possibility of local removal of the allowance at the mating point and removal of a layer of material sufficient for disassembling the units. We laid the foundations for the use of additive technologies for applying solid electrolyte by building up uniform layers before assembling the product. The proposed technology is promising for the manufacture of prefabricated structures with limited tool access to the operation area. In addition, the new technology can be successfully applied in the process of car repair


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 58-66
Author(s):  
Aleksandr Kozyukov ◽  
N. Gamzatov ◽  
Sergey Grechanyy ◽  
Konstantin Zolnikov ◽  
I. Strukov ◽  
...  

The analysis of information on the stability of the electronic component base (ECB) in the development of radio-electronic equipment (REE) of spacecraft (spacecraft) is an important and urgent task. The paper considers the main components of the approaches of foreign organizations developing radio space technology to ensure its radiation resistance. The design approaches of Thales Alenia Space, Airbus Defense and Space, and the European Space Agency are presented. The article outlines the main directions for optimizing the procedures for the preliminary selection of ECB, which consist in ensuring the required resistance of REE SC at the ECB level with ensuring the reliability of data on durability, in minimizing the costs of applying resistance enhancement measures (through the use of a promising ECB with increased resistance characteristics), to replace ECB.


2022 ◽  
Vol 72 (1) ◽  
pp. 3-9
Author(s):  
Yogesh Pratap Singh ◽  
Harjit Singh ◽  
Prahlad Kumar Sahu ◽  
Muthukumar R

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been advancing in space technology with its cost-effective techniques. Currently, ISRO, in its cryogenic stages, uses truss type intertank structure, which induces large concentrated loads at the truss interfaces. As a remedial measure, works on closed intertank are being carried out by them, but this configuration will considerably increase the launch vehicle mass compared to truss type. Therefore, after a thorough literature survey, a Common bulkhead (CBH) tank seemed to be the best solution to the aforementioned problem. Detailed research on sandwich-type CBH has been carried out in this paper with the motivation of saving mass and height in launch vehicles. Suitable core and facesheet material were selected. A novel foam-filled honeycomb core is suggested in this work. Several comparisons in various CBH dome designs were carried out to reach for the best possible configuration and composition that can be used. MATLAB®, SolidWorks®, and ANSYS® were used in parallel for all computations dealing with design and analysis. A mass saving of approximately upto 490 kgs and a height reduction of upto 1.755 m was obtained with the final selected configuration with respect to the current GSLV configuration. These savings can add extra payload capacity to ISRO launch vehicles in their future missions.


Author(s):  
Andrey D. PLOTNIKOV ◽  
Aleksandr V. VODOLAZHSKIY ◽  
Natalya S. YAKUPOVA

The paper represents requirements for cryogenic grease lubricants used in the rocket and space technology. Data on lubricants based on perfluoropolyether liquid FEN is provided. New lubricant testing methods enabling to analyze their chemical composition and low-temperature characteristics are proposed. Quoted are investigation results for the equivalents of previously used cryogenic lubricants NIKA, NIRA and «Ametist». A practical relevance of the paper has been proven by introduction of low-temperature lubricants «Sever» currently being used in rocket and space items, as well аs successful application of the developed lubricant incoming inspection procedures at RSC Energia. Key words: low-temperature lubricant, perfluoropolyether liquid FEN, viscosity, solidification temperature, IR spectrum, potential evaporation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Oleksandr Salenko ◽  
Igor Derevianko ◽  
О. Samusenko ◽  
Kostyantin Avramov ◽  
O. Lithot ◽  
...  

The work shows the possibility of manufacturing products for rocket and space technology using the additive FDM-printing technology. The object of research is the nozzle plugs of the "membrane" type. Considering the specific-strength properties of the product during its operation during operation, as well as the features of the FDM-process, the design was optimized, the regularities of the formation of its properties were established. An impregnation technology has been developed to seal the product. The equipment was designed, and pneumatic tests were carried out. The properties of materials were investigated considering their guaranteed shelf life for 12 years of operation under accelerated climatic tests. It is shown that the production of products by FDM-printing methods is promising and expedient, since the properties being formed are predictable, achievable, and stable.


Author(s):  
Aaron Berliner ◽  
Isaac Lipsky ◽  
Davian Ho ◽  
Jacob Hilzinger ◽  
Gretchen Vengerova ◽  
...  

Reinvigorated public interest in human space exploration has led to the need to address the science and engineering challenges described by NASA's Space Technology Grand Challenges (STGCs) for expanding the human presence in space. Here we define Space Bioprocess Engineering (SBE) as a multi-disciplinary approach to design, realize, and manage a biologically-driven space mission as it relates to addressing the STGCs for advancing technologies to support the nutritional, medical, and incidental material requirements that will sustain astronauts against the harsh conditions of interplanetary transit and habitation offworld. SBE combines synthetic biology and bioprocess engineering under extreme constraints to enable and sustain a biological presence in space. Here we argue that SBE is a critical strategic area enabling long-term human space exploration; specify the metrics and methods that guide SBE technology life-cycle and development; map an approach by which SBE technologies are matured on offworld testing platforms; and suggest a means to train the next generation spacefaring workforce on the SBE advantages and capabilities. In doing so, we outline aspects of the upcoming technical and policy hurdles to support space biomanufacturing and biotechnology. We outline a perspective marriage between space-based performance metrics and the synthetic biology Design-Build-Test-Learn cycle as they relate to advancing the readiness of SBE technologies. We call for a concerted effort to ensure the timely development of SBE to support long-term crewed missions using mission plans that are currently on the horizon.


Author(s):  
Aaron Berliner ◽  
Isaac Lipsky ◽  
Davian Ho ◽  
Jacob Hilzinger ◽  
Gretchen Vengerova ◽  
...  

Reinvigorated public interest in human space exploration has led to the need to address the science and engineering challenges described by NASA's Space Technology Grand Challenges (STGCs) for expanding the human presence in space. Here we define Space Bioprocess Engineering (SBE) as a multi-disciplinary approach to design, realize, and manage a biologically-driven space mission as it relates to addressing the STGCs for advancing technologies to support the nutritional, medical, and incidental material requirements that will sustain astronauts against the harsh conditions of interplanetary transit and habitation offworld. SBE combines synthetic biology and bioprocess engineering under extreme constraints to enable and sustain a biological presence in space. Here we argue that SBE is a critical strategic area enabling long-term human space exploration; specify the metrics and methods that guide SBE technology life-cycle and development; map an approach by which SBE technologies are matured on offworld testing platforms; and suggest a means to train the next generation spacefaring workforce on the SBE advantages and capabilities. In doing so, we outline aspects of the upcoming technical and policy hurdles to support space biomanufacturing and biotechnology. We outline a perspective marriage between space-based performance metrics and the synthetic biology Design-Build-Test-Learn cycle as they relate to advancing the readiness of SBE technologies. We call for a concerted effort to ensure the timely development of SBE to support long-term crewed missions using mission plans that are currently on the horizon.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 49-76
Author(s):  
László Trautmann ◽  
Cecília Vida

A tanulmány célja, hogy a tudásalapú gazdasághoz illeszkedő iparpolitika és felsőoktatás-politika kereteit bemutassa. Az elemzés kiindulópontja, hogy szerkezetváltás megy végbe a globalizáció technológiai folyamataiban. Új ágazatok emelkednek ki és új intézményi szerkezetben történik a technológia irányítása. Az ágazati váltás legfontosabb eleme az infrastruktúra megújulása, ami köré szerveződnek az ágazatok. A tanulmány második részében a felsőoktatás változását mutatjuk be, ami mindig is szorosan kapcsolódott az iparpolitikához. Az új elem a tudásalapú gazdaság időszakában, hogy az oktatás átfogóbb szerepre tesz szert, a gazdasági fejlődés alapvető intézményi kerete lesz. A tanulmány harmadik részében emiatt elemezzük empirikus eszközökkel a hazai felsőoktatás lemorzsolódási mutatóit, és mutatjuk ki, hogy a felsőoktatási intézmények részéről az erőfeszítés a hallgatók megőrzésére hosszú távon kifizetődő lehet. The aim of the paper is to provide a policy framework for the industrial policy and higher education policy in the knowledge-based economy. The knowledge-based economy and society is the main feature of new era of globalization which means that new industries have launched, and new institutional structure has started to build in a global scale. The main characteristic of the new technology is the infrastructure (including space technology, 5G) and the infrastructure gives a new impetus to other industries. In the second part of paper, we show several stages of the development of higher education. Our main tenet is the strong connection between industrial policy and the development of higher education. We argue that the higher education will have got a stronger role in the new era. In the third part, we analyze the dropout rate in the Hungarian higher education and give some policy recommendation to mitigate it.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Zeyuan Sun ◽  
Hong Yang ◽  
Que Dong ◽  
Yang Mo ◽  
Hui Li ◽  
...  

Using space stations for a large number of observation, exploration, and research is a necessary way to fully develop space technology. It is a necessary means of space experiment to install the extravehicular experimental load by using the load plate. However, the extravehicular environment is full of danger, which poses a threat to the health and even safety of astronauts. Using robots to replace astronauts to complete this task can effectively reduce the threat to astronauts. Aiming at the problem that the configurations of existing space robots have difficulty in balancing the contradiction between complexity and dexterity, our previous work proposes a 12-DOF 3-arm robot and preliminarily explores the feasibility of its large-scale ability. This paper focus on the 8-DOF redundant dexterous manipulator composed of 2 of the robot arms. In view of the difficulties in solving the inverse kinematics of the redundant manipulator, the challenges of complex environmental lighting, and difficulties of matching multiple groups of holes and pins in the load plate assembly task, the research on the autonomous assembly of the load plate is carried out. The main work is as follows: (a) A variable D-H parameter inverse kinematics solution method is proposed, which lays a foundation for humanoid dexterous operation planning of the robot. (b) An autonomous operation method based on visual guidance and variable parameter admittance control is proposed. Finally, the safety and robustness of the robot in the autonomous assembly of the load plate with multipins and holes are successfully verified by experiments.


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