soil enzymes
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2022 ◽  
Vol 173 ◽  
pp. 104382
Author(s):  
Seon-Young Kim ◽  
Xue Zhou ◽  
Chris Freeman ◽  
Hojeong Kang

Horticulturae ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 43
Author(s):  
Dilfuza Jabborova ◽  
Ravish Choudhary ◽  
Abdulahat Azimov ◽  
Zafarjon Jabbarov ◽  
Samy Selim ◽  
...  

Ginger is rich in different chemical compounds such as phenolic compounds, terpenes, polysaccharides, lipids, organic acids, minerals, and vitamins. The present study investigated the effect of mineral fertilizers on the content of mineral elements in the rhizomes of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, soil enzymes activity, and soil properties in Surkhandarya Region, Uzbekistan. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first in Uzbekistan to investigate the mineral elements of ginger rhizome inhabiting Termez district, Surkhandarya region. A Field experiment was conducted at the Surkhandarya experimental station research Institute. Four treatments have been studied (Control with no fertilizers (T-1), N75P50K50 kg/ha (T-2), N125P100K100 kg/ha (T-3) and N100P75K75 + B3Zn6Fe6 kg/ha (T-4)). Results showed that T-4 treatment significantly increased ginger rhizome K, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Na, Mn, Zn, Si, Li, and V content as compared to all other treatments and control. T-3 treatment significantly increased Mo, Ga, and Ag content in comparison to other treatments. Soil enzymes showed a significant increase for all treatments against control, while T-4 treatment has recorded the highest enzyme activity in comparison to all other treatments in urease, invertase, and catalase content. Soil chemical properties have significantly changed for all treatments against the non-cultivated soil and the zero fertilizers plantation with variation among different treatments. Results showed that ginger root is rich in minerals and can be used as a great potential for nutritional supplements and soil enrichment. This study suggest that combination of macro-microelements have the potential to increase the content of mineral elements in the rhizomes of ginger in field conditions.


2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Raquel Nogueira Rodrigues ◽  
Fábio Bueno dos Reis Junior ◽  
André Alves de Castro Lopes ◽  
Omar Cruz Rocha ◽  
Antônio Fernando Guerra ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT: This research evaluated the effects of coffee cultivation with two different water regimes associated or not with liming and the presence/absence of brachiaria as intercrop on the activities of the soil enzymes β-glucosidase, arylsulfatase and acid phosphatase. The study was carried out at the experimental farm of Embrapa Cerrados, using the cultivar IAC 144 (Coffea arabica L.), under a clayey dystrophic Cerrado Oxisol. Two water regimes (WR) were considered, WR1 with irrigation shifts throughout the year and WR3 with controlled water stress, for about 70 days, in the dry season. In each water regime, effects of lime application (with/without) and the presence/absence of brachiaria cultivated between the lines of coffee plants were evaluated. The activities of the enzymes β-glucosidase, arylsulfatase and acid phosphatase were evaluated during the rainy and dry seasons. Liming and intercropped brachiaria positively affected the activities of the three enzymes assessed in this study at varying degrees, depending on season and/or the WR. Our findings evidenced that intercropped brachiaria in coffee rows was the factor that most positively impacted soil enzymes activities.


2022 ◽  
Vol 169 ◽  
pp. 104246
Author(s):  
Sirine Bouguerra ◽  
Ana Gavina ◽  
Tiago Natal-da-Luz ◽  
José Paulo Sousa ◽  
Mohamed Ksibi ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Gangsheng Wang ◽  
Qun Gao ◽  
Yunfeng Yang ◽  
Sarah E Hobbie ◽  
Peter B Reich ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (23) ◽  
pp. 12753
Author(s):  
Magdalena Zaborowska ◽  
Jadwiga Wyszkowska ◽  
Agata Borowik ◽  
Jan Kucharski

Bisphenol A (BPA), with its wide array of products and applications, is currently one of the most commonly produced chemicals in the world. A narrow pool of data on BPA–microorganism–plant interaction mechanisms has stimulated the following research, the aim of which has been to determine the response of the soil microbiome and crop plants, as well as the activity of soil enzymes exposed to BPA pressure. A range of disturbances was assessed, based on the activity of seven soil enzymes, an abundance of five groups of microorganisms, and the structural diversity of the soil microbiome. The condition of the soil was verified by determining the values of the indices: colony development (CD), ecophysiological diversity (EP), the Shannon–Weaver index, and the Simpson index, tolerance of soil enzymes, microorganisms and plants (TIBPA), biochemical soil fertility (BA21), the ratio of the mass of aerial parts to the mass of plant roots (PR), and the leaf greenness index: Soil and Plant Analysis Development (SPAD). The data brought into sharp focus the adverse effects of BPA on the abundance and ecophysiological diversity of fungi. A change in the structural composition of bacteria was noted. Bisphenol A had a more beneficial effect on the Proteobacteria than on bacteria from the phyla Actinobacteria or Bacteroidetes. The microbiome of the soil exposed to BPA was numerously represented by bacteria from the genus Sphingomonas. In this object pool, the highest fungal OTU richness was achieved by the genus Penicillium, a representative of the phylum Ascomycota. A dose of 1000 mg BPA kg−1 d.m. of soil depressed the activity of dehydrogenases, urease, acid phosphatase and β-glucosidase, while increasing that of alkaline phosphatase and arylsulfatase. Spring oilseed rape and maize responded significantly negatively to the soil contamination with BPA.


2021 ◽  
Vol 35 (3) ◽  
pp. 279-287
Author(s):  
Ling Sun ◽  
Zhixu Sun ◽  
Yaa Opoku-Kwanowaa ◽  
Juan Hu ◽  
Jinggui Wu

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Dilfuza Jabborova ◽  
Annapurna Kannepalli ◽  
Kakhramon Davranov ◽  
Abdujalil Narimanov ◽  
Yuriy Enakiev ◽  
...  

AbstractDrought stress is the major abiotic factor limiting crop production. Co-inoculating crops with nitrogen fixing bacteria and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) improves plant growth and increases drought tolerance in arid or semiarid areas. Soybean is a major source of high-quality protein and oil for humans. It is susceptible to drought stress conditions. The co-inoculation of drought-stressed soybean with nodulating rhizobia and root-colonizing, PGPR improves the root and the shoot growth, formation of nodules, and nitrogen fixation capacity in soybean. The present study was aimed to observe if the co-inoculation of soybean (Glycine max L. (Merr.) nodulating with Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 and PGPR Pseudomonas putida NUU8 can enhance drought tolerance, nodulation, plant growth, and nutrient uptake under drought conditions. The results of the study showed that co-inoculation with B. japonicum USDA110 and P. putida NUU8 gave more benefits in nodulation and growth of soybean compared to plants inoculated with B. japonicum USDA110 alone and uninoculated control. Under drought conditions, co-inoculation of B. japonicum USDA 110 and P. putida NUU8 significantly enhanced the root length by 56%, shoot length by 33%, root dry weight by 47%, shoot dry weight by 48%, and nodule number 17% compared to the control under drought-stressed. Co-inoculation with B. japonicum, USDA 110 and P. putida NUU8 significantly enhanced plant and soil nutrients and soil enzymes compared to control under normal and drought stress conditions. The synergistic use of B. japonicum USDA110 and P. putida NUU8 improves plant growth and nodulation of soybean under drought stress conditions. The results suggested that these strains could be used to formulate a consortium of biofertilizers for sustainable production of soybean under drought-stressed field conditions.


Ecosphere ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
Author(s):  
Calvin B. Heslop ◽  
Roger W. Ruess ◽  
Knut Kielland ◽  
M. Syndonia Bret‐Harte

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 2214
Author(s):  
Martin Brtnicky ◽  
Antonin Kintl ◽  
Tereza Hammerschmiedt ◽  
Adnan Mustafa ◽  
Jakub Elbl ◽  
...  

Legume cultivation, especially the clover species, has shown promoting effects on soil biological properties. However, the ways in which various clover species contribute to beneficial plant-rhizosphere soil interactions have remained neglected in the past. Therefore, we performed a field experiment to assess and compare the species-specific influence of five different clover species on plant traits, microbial soil health indicators, namely soil enzymes, microbial biomass and abundance and their potential nutrient cycling abilities under rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils. For this, soil samples from bulk soil and rhizosphere of each clover species were collected and analyzed for soil enzymes including β-glucosidase, arylsulfatase, phosphatase, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, and urease and microbial communities’ abundance. Results revealed that the soil biological properties were more affected in the rhizosoil than in the bulk soil, although the individual legume crop variants differed in the rate and extent of the differential impact on either rhizosoil or bulk soil. The most significantly affected species-specific properties were ammonium oxidizing bacteria and phosphorus-solubilizing microbiota in the rhizosoil of white clover and alsike clover variants, whereas the least impact was exerted by sweet clover. The biological properties of rhizosoil showed a significant effect on the plant qualitative and quantitative properties. We further detected antagonism among N and P + K transfer from the rhizosoil to plants, which influenced above ground and root biomass. Overall, these results suggest that the positive effects of clover species cultivation on rhizosphere soil properties are species specific.


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