heat conductance
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
pp. 2111121
Xiaoping Liang ◽  
Aoran Fan ◽  
Zhen Li ◽  
Ning Wei ◽  
Wei Fan ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2088 (1) ◽  
pp. 012048
N V Vasil’ev ◽  
Yu A Zeigarnik ◽  
K A Khodakov ◽  
S N Vavilov ◽  
A S Nikishin

Abstract An experimental study of the characteristics of single (solitary) bubbles obtained by means of focused laser heating of the surface during the boiling of two subcooled liquids with significantly different properties: water and refrigerant R113 has been carried out. To obtain the most complete detailed information, the technique of synchronized high-speed video filming of the process in two mutually perpendicular planes with a frame rate of up to 150 kHz was used. It is shown that during the boiling of a subcooled liquid, the main mechanism of heat removal from the bubble dome into the surrounding liquid is an unsteady heat conductance. Differences in the behavior of solitary vapor bubbles in the case of boiling of two liquids (water and refrigerant R113) are shown.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (15) ◽  
pp. 7171
Ruibo Wang ◽  
Lingen Chen ◽  
Yanlin Ge ◽  
Huijun Feng

Applying finite-time thermodynamics theory, an irreversible steady flow Lenoir cycle model with variable-temperature heat reservoirs is established, the expressions of power (P) and efficiency (η) are derived. By numerical calculations, the characteristic relationships among P and η and the heat conductance distribution (uL) of the heat exchangers, as well as the thermal capacity rate matching (Cwf1/CH) between working fluid and heat source are studied. The results show that when the heat conductances of the hot- and cold-side heat exchangers (UH, UL) are constants, P-η is a certain “point”, with the increase of heat reservoir inlet temperature ratio (τ), UH, UL, and the irreversible expansion efficiency (ηe), P and η increase. When uL can be optimized, P and η versus uL characteristics are parabolic-like ones, there are optimal values of heat conductance distributions (uLP(opt), uLη(opt)) to make the cycle reach the maximum power and efficiency points (Pmax, ηmax). As Cwf1/CH increases, Pmax-Cwf1/CH shows a parabolic-like curve, that is, there is an optimal value of Cwf1/CH ((Cwf1/CH)opt) to make the cycle reach double-maximum power point ((Pmax)max); as CL/CH, UT, and ηe increase, (Pmax)max and (Cwf1/CH)opt increase; with the increase in τ, (Pmax)max increases, and (Cwf1/CH)opt is unchanged.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (15) ◽  
pp. 4307
Dasom Kim ◽  
Kyungju Kim ◽  
Hansang Kwon

Al–Cu composites have attracted significant interest recently owing to their lightweight nature and remarkable thermal properties. Understanding the interdiffusion mechanism at the numerous Al/Cu interfaces is crucial to obtain Al–Cu composites with high thermal conductivities. The present study systematically investigates the interdiffusion mechanism at Al/Cu interfaces in relation to the process temperature. Al-50vol.%Cu composite powder, where Cu particles were encapsulated in a matrix of irregular Al particles, was prepared and then sintered at various temperatures from 340 to 500 °C. Intermetallic compounds (ICs) such as CuAl2 and Cu9Al4 were formed at the Al/Cu interfaces during sintering. Microstructural analysis showed that the thickness of the interdiffusion layer, which comprised the CuAl2 and Cu9Al4 ICs, drastically increased above 400 °C. The Vickers hardness of the Al-50vol.%Cu composite sintered at 380 °C was 79 HV, which was 1.5 times that of the value estimated by the rule of mixtures. A high thermal conductivity of 150 W∙m−1∙K−1 was simultaneously obtained. This result suggests that the Al-50vol.%Cu composite material with large number of Al/Cu interfaces, as well as good mechanical strength and heat conductance, can be prepared by solid-state sintering at a low temperature.

Entropy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (4) ◽  
pp. 425
Ruibo Wang ◽  
Yanlin Ge ◽  
Lingen Chen ◽  
Huijun Feng ◽  
Zhixiang Wu

Using finite time thermodynamic theory, an irreversible steady-flow Lenoir cycle model is established, and expressions of power output and thermal efficiency for the model are derived. Through numerical calculations, with the different fixed total heat conductances (UT) of two heat exchangers, the maximum powers (Pmax), the maximum thermal efficiencies (ηmax), and the corresponding optimal heat conductance distribution ratios (uLP(opt)) and (uLη(opt)) are obtained. The effects of the internal irreversibility are analyzed. The results show that, when the heat conductances of the hot- and cold-side heat exchangers are constants, the corresponding power output and thermal efficiency are constant values. When the heat source temperature ratio (τ) and the effectivenesses of the heat exchangers increase, the corresponding power output and thermal efficiency increase. When the heat conductance distributions are the optimal values, the characteristic relationships of P-uL and η-uL are parabolic-like ones. When UT is given, with the increase in τ, the Pmax, ηmax, uLP(opt), and uLη(opt) increase. When τ is given, with the increase in UT, Pmax and ηmax increase, while uLP(opt) and uLη(opt) decrease.

2020 ◽  
Vol 102 (12) ◽  
G. A. Weiderpass ◽  
Gustavo M. Monteiro ◽  
A. O. Caldeira

2019 ◽  
Vol 100 (23) ◽  
Benjamin J. Robinson ◽  
Manuel E. Pumarol ◽  
Oleg V. Kolosov

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document