electrocatalytic properties
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Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 155
Arash Fattahi ◽  
Peyman Koohsari ◽  
Muhammad Shadman Lakmehsari ◽  
Khashayar Ghandi

This review provides an analysis of the theoretical methods to study the effects of surface modification on structural properties of nanostructured indium tin oxide (ITO), mainly by organic compounds. The computational data are compared with experimental data such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) data with the focus on optoelectronic and electrocatalytic properties of the surface to investigate potential relations of these properties and applications of ITO in fields such as biosensing and electronic device fabrication. Our analysis shows that the change in optoelectronic properties of the surface is mainly due to functionalizing the surface with organic molecules and that the electrocatalytic properties vary as a function of size.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Woohyeon Jo ◽  
Dasol Jeong ◽  
Jaebum Jeong ◽  
Taegeon Kim ◽  
Seungyeon Han ◽  

Nickel phosphide (Ni-P) films as a catalytic cathode for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) of a water splitting were fabricated by a pulse-reverse electrodeposition technique. The electrochemical behaviors for the electrodeposition of Ni-P were investigated by the characterization of peaks in a cyclic voltammogram. The composition of the electrodeposited Ni-P alloys was controlled by adjusting duty cycles of the pulse-reverse electrodeposition. The HER electrocatalytic properties of the Ni-P electrodeposits with an amorphous phase as a function of phosphorous contents existing in Ni-P were electrochemically characterized by the analysis of overpotentials, Tafel slopes, and electrochemical impedance spectrometry. Additionally, the elemental Ni-embedded crystalline Ni3P was prepared by an annealing process with the amorphous Ni69P31 electrodeposit with high contents of phosphorus. The crystalline structure with Ni inclusions in the matrix of Ni3P was formed by the precipitation of excess Ni. The electrocatalytic properties of crystalline Ni3P with elemental Ni inclusions were also investigated by electrochemical characterization.

Vladimir Sergeevich Dolmatov ◽  
Sergey Kuznetsov

Abstract Coatings of TaC and NbC and Mo2C crystals on carbon fibers were obtained by currentless transfer in molten salts. Investigation of electrocatalytic properties of these compositions in the reaction of the hydrogen peroxide decomposition was carried out. It was determined that the hydrogen peroxide decomposition reaction has a zero order for all refractory metal carbides. Using the values of the rate constants at different temperatures the activation energies for the reaction of the hydrogen peroxide decomposition on refractory metal carbides were calculated using the Arrhenius equation. It has been established that coating of NbC on carbon fibers has a higher electrocatalytical properties in comparison with other carbides. The electrocatalytic properties of NbC/C, TaC/C and Mo2C/C composites were studied also by cyclic voltammetry.

ChemCatChem ◽  
2021 ◽  
Wenhao Li ◽  
Wenya He ◽  
Xijie Chen ◽  
Tianxiao Chen ◽  
Yun Wu ◽  

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