transdermal drug delivery
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Donghee Park ◽  
Jongho Won ◽  
Gyounjung Lee ◽  
Yongheum Lee ◽  
Chul‐Woo Kim ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 517-537
Dr.Sumira Malik ◽  
Shristi Kishore ◽  
Shradha A. Kumari ◽  
Anjali Kumari

The area of healthcare needs new innovative methods and tools for improvisation and to impart better efficiencies. Nanoemulsions are pharmaceutical formulations containing nanometre-sized particles used for controlled and systemic delivery of bioactive pharmaceuticals. Various advantageous properties of nanoemulsions such as the presence of hydrophobic core region, higher stability, and smaller size have made them useful to a large extent in the biomedical field. They have been employed in transdermal drug delivery, intranasal drug delivery, pulmonary drug delivery, parenteral drug delivery, and improvised delivery of hydrophobic drugs. This chapter aims to discuss various applications of nanoemulsions in healthcare including cosmetics, antimicrobials, vaccine delivery, targeted drug delivery, gene delivery, cancer therapy, and many more in detail.

Abdelhakim Benslimane ◽  
Sofiane Fatmi ◽  
Lamia Taouzinet ◽  
Dalila Hammiche

2022 ◽  
pp. 83-105
Subhash Chander ◽  
Mona Piplani ◽  
Tejashree Waghule ◽  
Gautam Singhvi

Lakshmi savithri S ◽  
Geethika Reddy B ◽  
Sushanth Sekhar K ◽  
Durga G ◽  
Srilekha Y ◽  

Transdermal drug delivery system offers best way of drug delivery through skin than compared to oral route of administration by overcoming side-effects.Drug delivery is done through adhesion of transdermal patches to skin surface.Novel application techniques have been employed for better therapeutic response for various drug in treatment of several disease using dermal route of administration.This is best non-invasive method of drug delivery by reducing frequency of administration to achieve complete action of action of drug with maximum benefits to patients .These patches are formulated using various permeation enhancers that are compatible to skins surface .The dermal route of delivery is best suited for therapy to patient for certain diseases.

Muhammad Iqbal Nasiri ◽  
Lalitkumar K. Vora ◽  
Juhaina Abu Ershaid ◽  
Ke Peng ◽  
Ismaiel A. Tekko ◽  

AbstractThe development of dissolving microneedles (DMN) is one of the advanced technologies in transdermal drug delivery systems, which precisely deliver the drugs through a rapid dissolution of polymers after insertion into the skin. In this study, we fabricated nanoemulsion-loaded dissolving microneedle (DMN) arrays for intradermal and transdermal drug delivery. For this task, model drug (amphotericin B, AmB)-loaded nanoemulsion (NE) were prepared by the probe-sonication method. AmB-loaded-NE was prepared using Capmul MCM C-8 EP/NF, Tween® 80, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA-10 kDa), and poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP-360 kDa or K29/32) by using SpeedMixer™, followed by probe-sonication and evaluated for particle size and polydispersity index (PDI). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was also used to assess the particle size before and after DMN casting. AmB-NE embedded DMN arrays were found to be strong enough, revealed efficient skin insertion, and penetrated down to the fourth layer (depth ≈ 508 μm) of Parafilm M® (validated skin model). Ex vivo skin deposition experiments in full-thickness neonatal porcine demonstrated that after 24 h, AmB-NE-DMN arrays were able to deposit 111.05 ± 48.4 µg/patch AmB into the skin. At the same time, transdermal porcine skin permeation studies showed significantly higher permeability of AmB (29.60 ± 8.23 μg/patch) from AmB-NE-DMN compared to MN-free AmB-NE patches (5.0 ± 6.15 μg/patch) over 24 h. Antifungal studies of optimized AmB-NE-DMN, AmB-loaded discs and drug-free DMN against Candida albicans, confirmed the synergistic activity of Campul-MCM C-8, used in the nanoemulsion formulation. This study establishes that nanoemulsion based dissolving microneedle may serve as an efficient system for intradermal as well as transdermal drug delivery. Graphical abstract

Swarnima Pandey ◽  
Vikas Srivastava

Multifunctional organ of the human body is the skin and it has less porousness across the layer corneum and this layer is the hindrance for dynamic specialists. To expand the penetrability of dynamic specialists, novel vesicular transporter invasomes are presented. Invasomes give different preferences including upgrading patient consistence, improving the medication adequacy and increment the pervasion of hydrophilic medications. This is a vesicular transporter that improves the Transdermal infiltration contrasted with ordinary liposomes. Invasomes comprise of phospholipid, terpenes, ethanol, and water. These constituents assume a significant part in improving its infiltration capacity. In this review paper, a wide presentation of TDDS (transdermal medication conveyance framework) is clarified and different segments, strategies for arrangement, segments, benefits, and faults of invasomes are featured.

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