local recurrence
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Hongqiang Zhang ◽  
Wending Huang ◽  
Qi Feng ◽  
Wei Sun ◽  
Wangjun Yan ◽  

Objective: To investigate risk factors of local recurrence of synovial sarcoma and the impact of local recurrence on survival.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of patients with II to IIIB (AJCC8) synovial sarcoma who underwent surgery at our center between March 2005 and December 2016. Data relating clinicopathological factors, treatment and prognosis were collected. The impact of local recurrence on overall survival (OS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), and distant relapse-free survival (DRFS) were analyzed. The prognostic factors associated with local recurrence were also analyzed using Kaplan-Meier Curves and Cox regression analysis.Results: A total of 171 patients were included in this analysis. After a median follow-up of 48 months, 66 patients (38.6%) experienced local recurrence. The 5-year OS, LRFS, and DRFS rates of patients with local recurrence were 37.6, 6.1, and 24.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that larger initial tumors, multiple recurrences, positive resection margins, marginal resection, and lack of adjuvant therapy were associated with higher local recurrence.Conclusion: Local recurrence of synovial sarcoma is associated with distant metastasis and poor survival. Chemoradiation improves the prognosis of patients with local recurrence, in particular those for which recurrence occurs shortly after initial treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Alexander Klein ◽  
Christof Birkenmaier ◽  
Julian Fromm ◽  
Thomas Knösel ◽  
Dorit Di Gioia ◽  

Abstract Background The degree of contamination of healthy tissue with tumor cells during a biopsy in bone or soft tissue sarcomas is clearly dependant on the type of biopsy. Some studies have confirmed a clinically relevant contamination of the biopsy tract after incisional biopsies, as opposed to core-needle biopsies. The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the risk of local recurrence depending on the biopsy type in extremity and pelvis sarcomas. Methods We included 162 patients with a minimum follow-up of 6 months after wide resection of extremity sarcomas. All diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were performed at a single, dedicated sarcoma center. The excision of the biopsy tract after an incisional biopsy was performed as a standard with all tumor resections. All patients received their follow-up after the conclusion of therapy at our center by means of regional MRI studies and, at a minimum, CT of the thorax to rule out pulmonary metastatic disease. The aim of the study was the evaluation of the influence of the biopsy type and of several other clinical factors on the rate of local recurrence and on the time of local recurrence-free survival. Results One hundred sixty-two patients with bone or soft tissue tumors of the extremities and the pelvis underwent either an incisional or a core-needle biopsy of their tumor, with 70 sarcomas (43.2%) being located in the bone. 84.6% of all biopsies were performed as core-needle biopsies. The median follow-up time was 55.6 months, and 22 patients (13.6%) developed a local recurrence after a median time of 22.4 months. There were no significant differences between incisional and core-needle biopsy regarding the risk of local recurrence in our subgroup analysis with differentiation by kind of tissue, grading of the sarcoma, and perioperative multimodal therapy. Conclusions In a large and homogenous cohort of extremity and pelvic sarcomas, we did not find significant differences between the groups of incisional and core-needle biopsy regarding the risk of local recurrence. The excision of the biopsy tract after incisional biopsy in the context of the definitive tumor resection seems to be the decisive factor for this result.

2022 ◽  
Cheol Woong Choi ◽  
Su Jin Kim ◽  
Dae Gon Ryu ◽  
Dae Hwan Kang ◽  
Hyung Wook Kim ◽  

Abstract Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is considered the treatment of choice for early gastric cancer (EGC) with a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis. However, locally recurrent lesions on artificial ulcer scars are difficult to manage. Therefore, predicting the risk of local recurrence after ESD is important to manage and prevent the event. This study aimed to elucidate risk factors associated with local recurrence after ESD of EGC.Methods: Between November 2008 and February 2016, consecutive patients (n=641; mean age, 69.3±9.5 years; men, 77.2%) with EGC who underwent ESD at a single tertiary referral hospital were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the incidence and factors associated with local recurrence. Local recurrence was defined as the development of neoplastic lesions at or adjacent to the site of the post-ESD scar.Results: En bloc and complete resection rates were 97.8% and 93.6%, respectively. The local recurrence rate after ESD was 3.1%. The mean follow-up period after ESD was 50.7±32.5 months. One case of gastric cancer-related death (0.15%) was noted, wherein the patient had refused additive surgical resection after ESD for EGC with lymphatic and deep submucosal invasion. Lesion size ≥15 mm, incomplete histologic resection, undifferentiated adenocarcinoma, scar, and absence of erythema of the surface were associated with a higher risk of local recurrence. Conclusions: Predicting local recurrence during regular endoscopic surveillance after ESD is important, especially in patients with a larger lesion size (≥15 mm), incomplete histologic resection, surface changes of scars, and no erythema of the surface.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Soledad Iseas ◽  
Juan M. Sendoya ◽  
Juan Robbio ◽  
Mariana Coraglio ◽  
Mirta Kujaruk ◽  

Rectal Cancer (RC) is a complex disease that involves highly variable treatment responses. Currently, there is a lack of reliable markers beyond TNM to deliver a personalized treatment in a cancer setting where the goal is a curative treatment. Here, we performed an integrated characterization of the predictive and prognostic role of clinical features, mismatch-repair deficiency markers, HER2, CDX2, PD-L1 expression, and CD3−CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) coupled with targeted DNA sequencing of 76 non-metastatic RC patients assigned to total mesorectal excision upfront (TME; n = 15) or neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy treatment (nCRT; n = 61) followed by TME. Eighty-two percent of RC cases displayed mutations affecting cancer driver genes such as TP53, APC, KRAS, ATM, and PIK3CA. Good response to nCRT treatment was observed in approximately 40% of the RC cases, and poor pathological tumor regression was significantly associated with worse disease-free survival (DFS, HR = 3.45; 95%CI = 1.14–10.4; p = 0.028). High neutrophils-platelets score (NPS) (OR = 10.52; 95%CI=1.34–82.6; p = 0.025) and KRAS mutated cases (OR = 5.49; 95%CI = 1.06–28.4; p = 0.042) were identified as independent predictive factors of poor response to nCRT treatment in a multivariate analysis. Furthermore, a Cox proportional-hazard model showed that the KRAS mutational status was an independent prognostic factor associated with higher risk of local recurrence (HR = 9.68; 95%CI = 1.01–93.2; p <0.05) and shorter DFS (HR = 2.55; 95%CI = 1.05–6.21; p <0.05), while high CEA serum levels were associated with poor DFS (HR = 2.63; 95%CI = 1.01–6.85; p <0.05). Integrated clinical and molecular-based unsupervised analysis allowed us to identify two RC prognostic groups (cluster 1 and cluster 2) associated with disease-specific OS (HR = 20.64; 95%CI = 2.63–162.2; p <0.0001), metastasis-free survival (HR = 3.67; 95%CI = 1.22–11; p = 0.012), local recurrence-free survival (HR = 3.34; 95%CI = 0.96–11.6; p = 0.043) and worse DFS (HR = 2.68; 95%CI = 1.18–6.06; p = 0.012). The worst prognosis cluster 2 was enriched by stage III high-risk clinical tumors, poor responders to nCRT, with low TILs density and high frequency of KRAS and TP53 mutated cases compared with the best prognosis cluster 1 (p <0.05). Overall, this study provides a comprehensive and integrated characterization of non-metastatic RC cases as a new insight to deliver a personalized therapeutic approach.

Diagnostics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 146
Hidenori Suzuki ◽  
Tsuneo Tamaki ◽  
Takeshi Kodaira ◽  
Masami Nishio ◽  
Daisuke Nishikawa ◽  

Background: High uptake of F18-fluorodeoxyglucose parameters for glucose metabolism is related to shorter survival in sinonasal tract cancer with various histological classifications. We investigated whether F18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake parameters are associated with survival outcomes for patients with only squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the sinonasal tract that are treated either with surgery or nonsurgery. Methods: We retrospectively observed F18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake parameters on positron emission tomography with computed tomography for the primary tumour of SCC in 39 patients. Log-rank test or a Cox regression model with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) and hazard ratio (HR) were used for monovariable or multivariable analysis, respectively. We determined cut-off values of the F18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake parameters using the lowest p value for monovariable sinonasal tract cancer-specific survival analysis. Results: Monovariable analysis showed that patients with metabolic tumour volume (MTV) ≥ 21.8 had a shorter cancer-specific, disease-free and local recurrence-free survival than those with MTV < 21.8. After adjusting for age, gender, clinical stage and treatment group in the multivariable analysis, MTV (≥21.8/<21.8) was related to shorter cancer-specific (HR: 3.69, 95%CI: 1.17–12.0), disease-free (HR: 3.38, 95%CI: 1.19–9.71) and local recurrence-free (HR: 5.42, 95%CI: 1.59–20.3) survivals. Conclusions: MTV as advances in diagnostics of sinonasal tract SCC is a predictor.

Xavier León ◽  
Jacinto García ◽  
Albert Pujol ◽  
Julia de Juan ◽  
Rosselin Vásquez ◽  

Abstract Purpose Proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemia virus (PIMs) are proto-oncogenes encoding serine/threonine kinases that phosphorylate a variety of substrates involved in the regulation of cellular processes. Elevated expression of PIM-1 has been associated with poor prognosis in several types of cancer. There are no studies that have analyzed the response to radiotherapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) according to the expression of PIM-1. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationship between the transcriptional expression of PIM-1 and local response to radiotherapy in HNSCC patients. Methods We determined the transcriptional expression of PIM-1 in 135 HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy, including patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (n = 65) and bioradiotherapy (n = 15). Results During the follow-up, 48 patients (35.6%) had a local recurrence of the tumor. Patients with local recurrence had a higher level of PIM-1 expression than those who achieved local control of the disease (P = 0.017). Five-year local recurrence-free survival for patients with a high expression of PIM-1 (n = 43) was 44.6% (95% CI 29.2–60.0%), and for patients with low expression (n = 92) it was 71.9% (95% CI 62.5–81.3%) (P = 0.007). According to the results of multivariate analysis, patients with a high PIM-1 expression had a 2.2-fold increased risk of local recurrence (95% CI 1.22–4.10, P = 0.009). Conclusion Patients with elevated transcriptional expression levels of PIM-1 had a significantly higher risk of local recurrence after radiotherapy.

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