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Author(s):  
K. E. Duffy ◽  
A. P. Furmanski ◽  
E. Gramellini ◽  
O. Palamara ◽  
M. Soderberg ◽  
...  

AbstractPrecise modeling of neutrino interactions on argon is crucial for the success of future experiments such as the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) and the Short-Baseline Neutrino (SBN) program, which will use liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) technology. Argon is a large nucleus, and nuclear effects—both on the initial and final-state particles in the interaction—are expected to be large in neutrino–argon interactions. Therefore, measurements of neutrino scattering cross sections on argon will be of particular importance to future DUNE and SBN oscillation measurements. This article presents a review of neutrino–argon interaction measurements from the MicroBooNE and ArgoNeuT collaborations, using two LArTPC detectors that have collected data in the NuMI and Booster Neutrino Beams at Fermilab. Measurements are presented of charged-current muon neutrino scattering in the inclusive channel, the ‘0$$\pi $$ π ’ channel (in which no pions but some number of protons may be produced), and single pion production (including production of both charged and neutral pions). Measurements of electron neutrino scattering are presented in the form of $$\nu _e+\bar{\nu }_e$$ ν e + ν ¯ e  inclusive scattering cross sections.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 21
Author(s):  
Jelena Vukalović ◽  
Jelena B. Maljković ◽  
Francisco Blanco ◽  
Gustavo García ◽  
Branko Predojević ◽  
...  

We report the results of the measurements and calculations of the absolute differential elastic electron scattering cross-sections (DCSs) from sevoflurane molecule (C4H3F7O). The experimental absolute DCSs for elastic electron scattering were obtained for the incident electron energies from 50 eV to 300 eV, and for scattering angles from 25° to 125° using a crossed electron/target beams setup and the relative flow technique for calibration to the absolute scale. For the calculations, we have used the IAM-SCAR+I method (independent atom model (IAM) applying the screened additivity rule (SCAR) with interference terms included (I)). The molecular cross-sections were obtained from the atomic data by using the SCAR procedure, incorporating interference term corrections, by summing all the relevant atomic amplitudes, including the phase coefficients. In this approach, we obtain the molecular differential scattering cross-section (DCS), which, integrated over the scattered electron angular range, gives the integral scattering cross-section (ICS). Calculated cross-sections agree very well with experimental results, in the whole energy and angular range.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Samir Das ◽  
Shyamal Biswas

Abstract We have analytically explored the quantum phenomena of particle scattering by rotating trapped quantum gases of electrically neutral bosons and fermions for the short-ranged Fermi-Huang interactions between the incident particle and the scatterers. We have predicted differential scattering cross-sections and their temperature and angular velocity dependencies in this regard, in particular, for an ideal Bose gas in a rotating harmonic trap, an ideal Fermi gas in a rotating harmonic trap, and a weakly interacting Bose gas in a slow rotating harmonic trap. We have theoretically probed the lattice-pattern of the vortices in a rapidly rotating strongly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate by the particle scattering method. We also have obtained de Haas-van Alphen-like oscillations in the differential scattering cross-section for an ideal ultracold Fermi gas in a rotating harmonic trap. Our predictions on the differential scattering cross-sections can be tested within the present-day experimental setups.


Author(s):  
Miron Ya. Amusia ◽  
Arkadiy S Baltenkov

Abstract In this paper we calculate the elastic scattering cross sections of slow electron by carbon nanotubes. The corresponding electron-nanotube interaction is substituted by a zero-thickness cylindrical potential that neglects the atomic structure of real nanotubes, thus limiting the range of applicability of our approach to sufficiently low incoming electron energies. The strength of the potential is chosen the same that was used in describing scattering of electrons by fullerene C60. We present results for total and partial electron scattering cross sections as well as respective angular distributions, all with account of five lowest angular momenta contributions. In the calculations we assumed that the incoming electron moves perpendicular to the nanotube axis, since along the axis the incoming electron moves freely.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2015 (1) ◽  
pp. 012073
Author(s):  
S.D. Krasikov ◽  
M.A. Odit ◽  
D. A. Dobrykh ◽  
I.M. Yusupov ◽  
A. A. Mikhailovskaya ◽  
...  

Abstract In this work we generalize the notion of superscattering and associate it with a symmetry group of a scattering object. Using the group theory approach we describe a way to spectrally overlap several eigenmodes of a resonator in order to achieve scattering enhancement. Importantly, this can be done by simple variation of geometric parameters of the system, implying that the symmetry is preserved. We also demonstarte that a scattering cross-section limit of a spherical object is not valid for the case of non-spherical geometries. As an example, we use finite-size ceramic cylinder and demonstrate that a dipolar scattering cross-section limit of a spherical object can be exceeded by more then 3 times. The obtained results may be promising for design of antennas and radio frequency identification systems.


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