scattering cross section
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2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 21
Jelena Vukalović ◽  
Jelena B. Maljković ◽  
Francisco Blanco ◽  
Gustavo García ◽  
Branko Predojević ◽  

We report the results of the measurements and calculations of the absolute differential elastic electron scattering cross-sections (DCSs) from sevoflurane molecule (C4H3F7O). The experimental absolute DCSs for elastic electron scattering were obtained for the incident electron energies from 50 eV to 300 eV, and for scattering angles from 25° to 125° using a crossed electron/target beams setup and the relative flow technique for calibration to the absolute scale. For the calculations, we have used the IAM-SCAR+I method (independent atom model (IAM) applying the screened additivity rule (SCAR) with interference terms included (I)). The molecular cross-sections were obtained from the atomic data by using the SCAR procedure, incorporating interference term corrections, by summing all the relevant atomic amplitudes, including the phase coefficients. In this approach, we obtain the molecular differential scattering cross-section (DCS), which, integrated over the scattered electron angular range, gives the integral scattering cross-section (ICS). Calculated cross-sections agree very well with experimental results, in the whole energy and angular range.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2015 (1) ◽  
pp. 012073
S.D. Krasikov ◽  
M.A. Odit ◽  
D. A. Dobrykh ◽  
I.M. Yusupov ◽  
A. A. Mikhailovskaya ◽  

Abstract In this work we generalize the notion of superscattering and associate it with a symmetry group of a scattering object. Using the group theory approach we describe a way to spectrally overlap several eigenmodes of a resonator in order to achieve scattering enhancement. Importantly, this can be done by simple variation of geometric parameters of the system, implying that the symmetry is preserved. We also demonstarte that a scattering cross-section limit of a spherical object is not valid for the case of non-spherical geometries. As an example, we use finite-size ceramic cylinder and demonstrate that a dipolar scattering cross-section limit of a spherical object can be exceeded by more then 3 times. The obtained results may be promising for design of antennas and radio frequency identification systems.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2015 (1) ◽  
pp. 012137
H.K. Shamkhi ◽  
A. Canós Valero

Abstract A superscattering structure is an efficient energy-mapping device that of particular importance for various electromagnetic experiment methods, with potential sensing and energy harvesting applications. We study in this work the scattering cross-section of outgoing channels in the irreducible and singular basis for an arbitrary shape scatterer. The superscattering status is shown to occur within a single outgoing channel of an optimized cluster of cylinders, a forbidden mechanism in spherically symmetric Mie resonators.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2094 (2) ◽  
pp. 022040
M B Ryzhikov ◽  
Yu A Novikova

Abstract This report considers the possibility of reducing the scattering cross section of patch antennas when using emitters of various shapes and when using structures with non-zero surface resistance. The report presents the results of the influence of the choice of the shape of a emitter on the SCS in the region of resonant scattering frequencies. The scattering indicatrices of various emitters for the resonant scattering frequency are analyzed. Comparative analysis results of the decrease estimation for the SCS of the square path when using various forms of regions with impedance surface are presented.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (10) ◽  
pp. 6777-6794
Sorin Nicolae Vâjâiac ◽  
Andreea Calcan ◽  
Robert Oscar David ◽  
Denisa-Elena Moacă ◽  
Gabriela Iorga ◽  

Abstract. Warm clouds, consisting of liquid cloud droplets, play an important role in modulating the amount of incoming solar radiation to Earth's surface and thus the climate. The size and number concentration of these cloud droplets control the reflectance of the cloud, the formation of precipitation and ultimately the lifetime of the cloud. Therefore, in situ observations of the number and diameter of cloud droplets are frequently performed with cloud and aerosol spectrometers, which determine the optical diameters of cloud particles (in the range of up to a few tens of micrometers) by measuring their forward-scattering cross sections in visible light and comparing these values with Mie theoretical computations. The use of such instruments must rely on a fast working scheme consisting of a limited pre-defined uneven grid of cross section values that corresponds to a theoretically derived uneven set of size intervals (bins). However, as more detailed structural analyses of warm clouds are needed to improve future climate projects, we present a new numerical post-flight methodology using recorded particle-by-particle sample files. The Mie formalism produces a complicated relationship between a particle's diameter and its forward-scattering cross section. This relationship cannot be expressed in an analytically closed form, and it should be numerically computed point by point, over a certain grid of diameter values. The optimal resolution required for constructing the diagram of this relationship is therefore analyzed. Cloud particle statistics are further assessed using a fine grid of particle diameters in order to capture the finest details of the cloud particle size distributions. The possibility and the usefulness of using coarser size grids, with either uneven or equal intervals, is also discussed. For coarse equidistant size grids, the general expressions of cloud microphysical parameters are calculated and the ensuing relative errors are discussed in detail. The proposed methodology is further applied to a subset of measured data, and it is shown that the overall uncertainties in computing various cloud parameters are mainly driven by the measurement errors of the forward-scattering cross section for each particle. Finally, the influence of the relatively large imprecision in the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index of cloud droplets on the size distributions and on the ensuing cloud parameters is analyzed. It is concluded that, in the presence of high atmospheric loads of hydrophilic and light-absorbing aerosols, such imprecisions may drastically affect the reliability of the cloud data obtained with cloud and aerosol spectrometers. Some complementary measurements for improving the quality of the cloud droplet size distributions obtained in post-flight analyses are suggested.

2021 ◽  
Vol 81 (10) ◽  
Yoo-Jin Kang ◽  
Hyun Min Lee

AbstractWe propose a new mechanism for rendering dark matter self-interacting in the presence of a massive spin-2 mediator. The derived Yukawa-type potential for dark matter is independent of the spins of dark matter in the leading order of the momentum expansion, so are the resulting non-perturbative effects for the dark matter self-scattering. We find that both the Born cross section and relatively mild resonance effects assist to make the self-scattering cross section velocity-dependent. We discuss how to evade the current indirect bounds on dark matter annihilations and show that the model is marginally compatible with perturbative unitarity in the ghost-free realization of the massive spin-2 particle.

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