meteorological factors
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Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 213
Guohua Zhang ◽  
Xinhu Li

Shallow groundwater is considered an important water resource to meet crop irrigation demands. However, limited information is available on the application of models to investigate the impact of irrigation schedules on shallow groundwater depth and estimate evaporation while considering the interaction between meteorological factors and the surface soil water content (SWC). Based on the Richards equation, we develop a model to simultaneously estimate crop water consumption of shallow groundwater and determine the optimal irrigation schedule in association with a shallow groundwater depth. A new soil evaporation function was established, and the control factors were calculated by using only the days after sowing. In this study, two irrigation scheduling methods were considered. In Method A, irrigation was managed based on the soil water content; in Method B, irrigation was based on the crop water demand. In comparison with Method B, Method A was more rational because it could use more groundwater, and the ratio of soil evaporation to total evapotranspiration was low. In this model, the interaction between meteorological factors and the SWC was considered to better reflect the real condition; therefore, the model provided a better way to estimate the crop water consumption.

Atmosphere ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 142
Huisheng Wu ◽  
Shan Hong ◽  
Maogui Hu ◽  
Yongheng Li ◽  
Wenzheng Yun

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a serious air pollutant emitted from different sources in many developing regions worldwide, where the contribution of different potential influencing factors remains unclear. Using Shandong, a typical industrial province in China as an example, we studied the spatial distribution of SO2 and used geographical detectors to explore its influencing factors. Based on the daily average concentration in Shandong Province from 2014 to 2019, we explored the influence of the diurnal temperature range, secondary production, precipitation, wind speed, soot emission, sunshine duration, and urbanization rate on the SO2 concentration. The results showed that the diurnal temperature range had the largest impact on SO2, with q values of 0.69, followed by secondary production (0.51), precipitation (0.46), and wind speed (0.42). There was no significant difference in the SO2 distribution between pairs of sunshine durations, soot emissions, and urbanization rates. The meteorological factors of precipitation, wind speed, and diurnal temperature range were sensitive to seasonal changes. There were nonlinear enhancement relationships among those meteorological factors to the SO2 pollution. There were obvious geographical differences in the human activity factors of soot emissions, secondary production, and urbanization rates. The amount of SO2 emissions should be adjusted in different seasons considering the varied effect of meteorological factors.

Atmosphere ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 115
Ming Chen ◽  
Fei Dai

Air pollution, especially PM2.5 pollution, still seriously endangers the health of urban residents in China. The built environment is an important factor affecting PM2.5; however, the key factors remain unclear. Based on 37 neighborhoods located in five Chinese megacities, three relative indicators (the range, duration, and rate of change in PM2.5 concentration) at four pollution levels were calculated as dependent variables to exclude the background levels of PM2.5 in different cities. Nineteen built environment factors extracted from green space and gray space and three meteorological factors were used as independent variables. Principal component analysis was adopted to reveal the relationship between built environment factors, meteorological factors, and PM2.5. Accordingly, 24 models were built using 32 training neighborhood samples. The results showed that the adj_R2 of most models was between 0.6 and 0.8, and the highest adj_R2 was 0.813. Four principal factors were the most important factors that significantly affected the growth and reduction of PM2.5, reflecting the differences in green and gray spaces, building height and its differences, relative humidity, openness, and other characteristics of the neighborhood. Furthermore, the relative error was used to test the error of the predicted values of five verification neighborhood samples, finding that these models had a high fitting degree and can better predict the growth and reduction of PM2.5 based on these built environment factors.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (20) ◽  
pp. 72-78
Daniela Giosanu ◽  
Mădălina Cristina Marian ◽  
Daniela Constantin

Air pollution is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution, which can have disastrous effects on the environment. For example, pollution with sulfur oxides contributes to the formation of acid rain and nitrogen oxides promote the accumulation of nitrates in the soil. Meteorological factors, such as temperature, significantly influence the levels of pollution and the spread of pollutants in the lower atmosphere. Air pollution meteorology helps to understand how pollutants are emitted and dispersed in the ambient air. Therefore, the purpose of the paper was to monitor for one year the concentrations of NO2 and SO2 in Argeș County and to correlate these data with climatic and urban parameters. The study concludes with a simulation of the dispersion of pollutants emitted by a source, having dimensions and location similar to those of the evacuation tower from CET Bradu, in conditions of a stable atmosphere at various temperatures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 43 (2) ◽  
pp. 214-216

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