Lateral Segment
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Ummu Afeera Binti Zainulabid ◽  
Muhammad Naimmuddin Bin Abdul Azih ◽  
Sasi Kumar A/L Maniyam ◽  
Azliana Binti Abd Fuaa ◽  
Mohd Radhwan Bin Abidin ◽  

Pulmonary phaeohyphomycosis is a rare infection in the lung caused by black fungi containing a cytoplasmic melanin-like pigment. A 42-year-old man with underlying retroviral disease on HAART was investigated for having constitutional symptoms. Despite undetectable viral load and a high CD4 count, he was found to have unexplained significant loss of weight and appetite over a period of 6 months. Clinical examination revealed a cachexic man with multiple inguinal lymphadenopathies. Excisional biopsy of the inguinal lymph node revealed reactive follicular hyperplasia. CT Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis was arranged to look for occult malignancy or infection and he was found to have multiple non-enhancing subcentimeter lung nodules mainly at the lateral segment of the right middle lobe of his lung. The largest nodule measured about 0.8 x 1.5 x 0.5 (AP x W x CC), with some nodules having an irregular margin with no extension into the adjacent bronchi. Bronchoscopy was done and demonstrated a black patch at the right intermedius, lateral segment of the middle lobe which did not disappear upon bronchial flush or wash. Histopathological examination found focal areas of blackish pigment and the bronchial alveolar lavage sent for fungal culture grew Cladosporium species. The patient was treated with oral Itraconazole with marked clinical improvement. This case highlights an unusual black fungi infection in the lung that stands out not only for its rarity and it's responsiveness to treatment, but also the susceptibility of an RVD positive patient to this infection despite having suppressed viral load and normal CD4 count.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue-2: 2021 Page: S17

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Yuchen Hou ◽  
Ping Wan ◽  
Mingxuan Feng ◽  
Bijun Qiu ◽  
Tao Zhou ◽  

Background: The anatomic variation of hepatic vein in the left lateral segment (LLS) increases the risk of outflow complication in pediatric living liver transplantation (LDLT). Here, we share a modified method for dual hepatic vein reconstruction in pediatric LDLT using LLS with two wide orifices.Methods: From Sep 2018 to Dec 2019, 434 pediatric LDLTs using LLS were performed in our center. Hepatic veins of grafts were classified into three types with emphasis on the number, size, and location of orifices at the cut surface: a single opening (type I, n = 341, 78.57%); two adjacent orifices (type II, n = 66, 15.21%); two wide orifices with orifices distances <20 mm (type IIIa, n = 15, 3.46%); and two wide orifices with orifices distances >20 mm (type IIIb, n = 12, 2.76%). Rv was defined as the ratio of diameter of V2 and V3 (refer to hepatic vein drained segments II and III). We developed a modified dual hepatic vein anastomosis to reconstruct outflow for type IIIb grafts with Rv ≤1. Briefly, the hepatic vein of segment II was anastomosed to the common stump of middle hepatic vein (MHV) and left hepatic vein (LHV), followed by unification of V3 and the longitudinal incision orifice in inferior venous cave (IVC).Results: During median follow-up of 15.6 months (7.5–22.9 months), no hepatic vein complications occurred.Conclusion: This novel modified dual hepatic vein anastomosis could serve as a feasible surgical option for type IIIb LLS grafts with Rv ≤1 in pediatric LDLT.

Vestnik ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 133-137
Г.Т. Ермуханова ◽  
А.О. Етекбаева

В данной статье описывается изучение распространенности зубочелюстных аномалий, в том числе и дистального прикуса среди детей и подростков школьного возраста. В настоящее время широко распространены зубочелюстные аномалии, в том числе дистальный прикус среди детей и подростков. Зубочелюстные аномалии приводят к функциональной патологии морфологических нарушений челюстной области. Изменения возрастно увеличиваются и сопровождаются деформацией лицевой области черепа наряду с эстетическими отклонениями.У больных часто наблюдаются нарушения положения позвоночника,функциональные изменения в системе малого кровообращения и задержка психосомтического развития.Это говорит о ранних нарушениях профилактики и несвоевременном оказании ортодонтической,зубопротезной и комплексной медицинской помощи.В связи с этим важную роль играет эпидемиологическая ситуация по зубной аномалии. исполняют информацию. Диагноз дистальной окклюзии называется боковым сегментом верхнего зубного ряда, расположенным перед боковым сегментом нижнего зубного ряда и появлением между ними дистальной стадии. Лечение и прогноз дистальной окклюзии зубного ряда зависит от возраста больного и характера аномалии [1] The article is devoted to the study of the prevalence of dentition anomalies, including distal occlusion among children and adolescents of school age. Currently, dental anomalies, including distal bite, are widespread among children and adolescents. Dental anomalies lead to functional pathology of morphological disorders of the maxillary region. The changes increase with age and are accompanied by deformation of the facial region of the skull along with aesthetic deviations. Patients often have disorders of the spine position, functional changes in the small blood circulation system and delayed psychosomal development.It tells about the early breaches of the prevention of and untimely provision of orthodontic, prosthodontic and comprehensive medical care.In this regard, an important role is played by the epidemiological situation of dental anomalies. execute information. The diagnosis of distal occlusion is called the lateral segment of the upper dentition, located in front of the lateral segment of the lower dentition and the appearance of the distal stage between them. Treatment and prognosis of distal occlusion of the dentition depends on the patient's age and the nature of the anomalies [1].

2021 ◽  
Hazem Mohamed Zakaria ◽  
Salah Alobthani ◽  
Ahmed Elsarawy ◽  
Yahia Saleh ◽  
Ahmed Zidan ◽  

HPB ◽  
2021 ◽  
Brian I. Shaw ◽  
Fides R. Schwartz ◽  
Mariya L. Samoylova ◽  
Andrew S. Barbas ◽  
Lisa M. McElroy ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. e238819
Monali Shah ◽  
Mihir M. Shah ◽  
David A. Kooby

Variations of the biliary system present challenges to abdominal operations and can affect postoperative outcomes. Bile leak is an uncommon complication of total gastrectomy. However, any procedure that involves mobilisation of the left lobes of the liver should be executed with additional caution. A thorough assessment including preoperative imaging for aberrant anatomy should be performed, especially aberrant bile ducts in the left triangular ligament. Ligation or suturing of the left triangular ligament should be considered when the aberrant anatomy suggests, to decrease the risk of postoperative bile leak. In addition, the left lateral segment of the liver should be thoroughly inspected on initial completion of the operation.

W Mimi Diyana W Zaki ◽  
Marizuana Mat Daud ◽  
Assyareefah Hudaibah Saad ◽  
Aini Hussain ◽  
Haliza Abdul Mutalib

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