tongue cancer
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2022 ◽  
Jeyashanth Riju ◽  
Amit Jiwan Tirkey ◽  
Malavika Babu ◽  
Ronald Anto ◽  
Amey Madhav Baitule ◽  

Abstract Oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC) involving tongue and buccoalveolar complex(BAC) behaves differently. Clinical features of the two subsites and their influence on pathological factors remain least analysed. Patients are divided into two groups i.e, tongue cancer and BAC cancer group, and various clinical parameters were compared. Among 474 patients 232 had tongue cancer and 242 had BAC cancer. 30% of patients with OSCC were asymptomatic at presentation except for the ulcer. Compared to tongue cancers, lesions confined to BAC presents at an advanced stage(p=0.006). Multivariate analysis showed that dysphagia in tongue cancer(p=0.020) and external swelling or lesion in BAC cancers(p=0.002) were significant predictors of an advanced stage of disease. On histopathology perineural invasion was significantly associated tongue(p=0.008) and BAC cancers(P=0.015). Among tongue cancers, those with pain and referred otalgia had a statistically significantly high depth of invasion(DOI), compared to those without pain (DOI – no pain 6.9mm, pain 9.9mm and referred otalgia 11.4mm). There is a delay in clinical presentation of OSCC. Among tongue cancers, clinical history of pain was significantly associated with depth of invasion and perineural invasion, the significance of which needs to be prospectively analysed. Clinical history in OSCC can be used as predicting factors for various pathological characters, which is subsite specific.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (1) ◽  
pp. 287-292

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 77
Andreas Ährlund-Richter ◽  
Stefan Holzhauser ◽  
Tina Dalianis ◽  
Anders Näsman ◽  
Michael Mints

To identify predictive/targetable markers in human papillomavirus positive (HPV+) tonsillar and base of tongue cancer (TSCC/BOTSCC), whole-exome sequencing (WES) of tumours of patients with/without recurrence was performed. Forty primary tumours and adjacent normal tissue were separated by micro-dissection from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue from patients treated with curative intent 2000–2014 at Karolinska University Hospital. Successful sequencing was obtained in primary tumours of 18 patients without and primaries of 17 with local or distant recurrence, as well as in 10 corresponding recurrences (i.e., five local relapses and five distant metastases) from these 17 patients. One variant—a high-impact deletion in the CDC27 gene—was observed only in primaries of 5/17 patients that had a recurrence after full treatment but in none of those without recurrence. In addition, 3 variants and 26 mutated genes, including CDC27, BCLAF1 and AQP7, were present in at least 30% of all primary tumours independent of prognosis. To conclude, a CDC27 deletion was specific and found in ~30% of samples from patients with a local relapse/distant metastasis and could, therefore, potentially be a prospective marker to predict prognosis. Commonly mutated genes, such as BCLAF1, should be further studied in the context of targeted therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Xue-ying Wang ◽  
Ting Zhang ◽  
Wei-qun Guan ◽  
Hua-zhu Li ◽  
Ling Lin

ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to explore the lipidomic profiles of the CAL-27 human tongue cancer cell line and the human oral keratinocyte (HOK) cell line.MethodsThe lipidomic differences between the CAL-27 and the HOK cell lines were investigated using non-targeted high-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry lipidomic analysis. The resulting data were then further mined via bioinformatics analysis technology and metabolic pathway analysis was conducted in order to map the most affected metabolites and pathways in the two cell lines.ResultsA total of 711 lipids were identified, including 403 glycerophospholipids (GPs), 147 glycerolipids, and 161 sphingolipids. Comparison of the enhanced MS (EMS) spectra of the two cell lines in positive and negative ionization modes showed the lipid compositions of HOK and CAL-27 cells to be similar. The expressions of most GP species in CAL-27 cells showed an increasing trend as compared with HOK, whereas a significant increase in phosphatidylcholine was observed (p < 0.05). Significant differences in the lipid composition between CAL-27 and HOK cells were shown as a heatmap. Through principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, noticeably clear separation trends and satisfactory clustering trends between groups of HOK and CAL-27 cells were identified. The numbers of specific lipid metabolites that could distinguish CAL-27 from HOK in positive and negative modes were 100 and 248, respectively. GP metabolism was the most significantly altered lipid metabolic pathway, with 4 metabolites differentially expressed in 39 hit products.ConclusionThis study demonstrated the potential of using untargeted mass spectra and bioinformatics analysis to describe the lipid profiles of HOK and CAL-27 cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 ◽  
Kai Zhang ◽  
Junlong Da ◽  
Xiaoyao Liu ◽  
Xinpeng Liu ◽  
Jianqun Wang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 12079
Ramona Gabriela Ursu ◽  
Simona Eliza Giusca ◽  
Irene Alexandra Spiridon ◽  
Bianca Manole ◽  
Mihai Danciu ◽  

Background: Human papilloma virus (HPV) is acknowledged as a risk factor for oropharyngeal squamous cellular cancers (OPSCC), of which the dominant types are tonsillar (TSCC) and base of tongue cancer (BOTSCC). Objective: To assess the role of HPV in selected OPSCC cases, from Romanian patients by sensitive and complementary molecular assays. Material and Methods: Fifty-four formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) OPSCC samples were analyzed for HPV DNA by a PCR-based bead-based multiplex-assay. Thirty-four samples were tested for HPV RNA and for overexpression of p16INK4a by immunohistochemistry. Twenty samples were evaluated by Competitive Allele-Specific Taqman PCR (CAST-PCR) for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 protein (FGFR3) status. Results: A total of 33.3% (18/54) OPSCC samples were positive for HPV DNA. HPV16 was the most frequent type (30%, 16/54); followed by HPV18 (3.7%, 2/54); and 1 sample (1.8%) was positive for both HPV16 and 18. HPV18 E6*I was detected in a HPV18 DNA-positive oropharynx tumor. Four samples positive for HPV16 were also positive for p16INK4a. All the tested samples were negative for FGFR3. Conclusions: The increased HPV16 prevalence is in line with similar studies and is a new confirmation that HPV16 is the most prevalent type in our country; supporting the potential benefit of prophylactic vaccines. Overall, there is no concordance between DNA and any of the two other analytes that are considered being markers of HPV-driven cancers. There is a need to explore novel screening strategies that could be broadly used in the clinical routine to initiate preventive measures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 72 (6) ◽  
pp. 321-328
Ken Iwanaga ◽  
Atsushi Suehiro ◽  
Shinichi Sato ◽  
Koichi Omori

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