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Kalia Vogelman-Natan

With early-childhood mobile media device use on the rise, online video content plays an ever-increasing role in children’s lives. Of the wide variety of content available to children, user-produced videos on YouTube seem to be most popular. However, due to the platform’s size and the overwhelming number of child-targeted videos found on YouTube, scholars have been struggling with how to approach and study this topic. This study aims to address the gap in research by analyzing prevalent user-produced children’s videos on YouTube, with research questions focusing on video genres, their features, and content themes. Drawing on YouTube’s popularity-measurements and video recommendation algorithm, a corpus of 100 user-produced videos targeted to children was assembled. A content analysis of these videos led to the identification and conceptualization of 13 distinct genres of user-produced children’s videos: unboxing, surprise eggs, finger family, play-doh, nursery rhymes, kids songs, learning, pretend play (enactment), pretend play (toys), storytelling, arts & crafts, entertainer in character, and process repetition. Furthermore, the findings indicate that there are often unique interplays between genre type and the content, the production format, and the overall quality and educational rating. In addition to shedding light on the importance of studying child-targeted content on YouTube, this study’s main contribution is a typological map of the user-produced children’s video ecosystem that future studies from various fields can draw on.

Papadakis Stamatios ◽  
Alexandraki Foteini ◽  
Zaranis Nikolaos

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Steven B. Porter ◽  
J. Ross Renew ◽  
Stephania Paredes ◽  
Christopher R. Roscher ◽  
Matthew F. Plevak ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 85 ◽  
pp. 159-173
Hyolim Kim ◽  
Myung-Jin Oh ◽  
DongHwan Kim ◽  
ByoungJoon Lee

ASAIO Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Scott. R. Auerbach ◽  
Ryan S. Cantor ◽  
Tamara T. Bradford ◽  
Matthew J. Bock ◽  
Eric R. Skipper, ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (4) ◽  
pp. 147916412110213
Tom Elliott ◽  
Sorin Beca ◽  
Rajendra Beharry ◽  
Michael A Tsoukas ◽  
Alexandro Zarruk ◽  

Background: The real-world effect of intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring on glucose control in type 2 diabetes treated with basal insulin is uncertain. This retrospective real-world study aimed to evaluate change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) amongst adults with type 2 diabetes managed with basal insulin starting flash glucose monitoring. Methods: Medical records were reviewed for adults with type 2 diabetes treated with basal insulin for ⩾1 year and using FreeStyle LibreTM Flash Glucose Monitoring for ⩾3 months. Prior to device use an HbA1c 8.0%–12.0% was recorded and a further HbA1c result was recorded 3–6 months (90–194 days) after starting device use. Results: Medical records ( n = 91) analyzed from six Canadian diabetes centers showed HbA1c significantly decreased by 0.8% ± 1.1 (mean ± SD, [ p < 0.0001]) from mean baseline HbA1c 8.9% ± 0.9 to 8.1% ± 1.0 at 3–6 months after initiating flash glucose monitoring. HbA1c improvement was not independently associated with age, BMI, insulin use duration, or sex. Conclusion: This Canadian real-world retrospective study showed significantly reduced HbA1c following initiation of flash glucose monitoring technology to further support management of type 2 diabetes treated with basal insulin.

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