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2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 865
Author(s):  
İsmail Hatun ◽  
NergÜz Bulut Serin

Conflicts are an inevitable part of school life, as in all areas of life, and minimizing the negative effects of conflicts and trying to develop constructive conflict resolution skills will positively contribute to human relations and mental health. The aimed of this study was to investigate the conflict resolution behaviors of secondary school students in terms of some psycho-social variables. The sample of the study was 6<sup>th</sup>, 7<sup>th</sup> and 8<sup>th</sup> grade students attending the state secondary schools of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The study was conducted with a total of 175 students of the students. The research was a descriptive study which is prepared by using quantitative research method which examines conflict resolution behaviors of secondary school students. The sample of the study was determined by non-random sampling method. In order to collect data, Conflict Resolution Behavior Determination Scale was used. In the analysis of the data; percentages, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), t-tests were used. As a result of the study, there was no significant difference according to the gender and grade level of the students. A significant difference was found according to their age, parental partnership status and success levels.


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 094-104
Author(s):  
Jessie Idongesit Ndem ◽  
Pamela Udoh Sylvanus ◽  
Utibe Evans Bassey ◽  
Blessing Obinaju Effiong ◽  
Efosa Godwin Ewere

The effect of Vitamin E on some cardiac parameters following concomitant administration of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and ciprofloxacin in male Wistar rats was investigated. Thirty-five male Wistar rats weighing between 190 – 220 g, used for the study were randomly divided into seven groups of five animals each. Group I served as the control. Group II - VII were administered; 8 mg/kg body weight (bw) of AL; 7.14 mg/kg bw of Ciprofloxacin; 8 mg/kg bw of AL + 7.14 mg/kg bw of Ciprofloxacin; 8 mg/kg bw of AL + 8.57 IU of Vitamin E; 7.14 mg/kg bw of Ciprofloxacin + 8.57 IU of Vitamin E; and 8 mg/kg bw of AL + 7.14 mg/kg bw of Ciprofloxacin + 8.57 IU of Vitamin E respectively. All the drugs were administered at their therapeutic regimen. Some cardiac parameters investigated include lipid profile, Troponin I, Troponin T, Creatine kinase, Lactate dehydrogenase and aspartate aminotransferase. The result showed significant (p < 0.05) increase in all the parameters of cardiac function when treatment groups were compared with control. The observed increase in cardiac indices were however significantly (p < 0.05) ameliorated in Groups V, VII and VII which were co-administered with Vitamin E compared with Groups II, III and IV which received the test drugs independently. The weights of the heart tissues showed the same trend with the parameters of cardiac function assessed and upon administration of vitamin E. The results obtained suggest the antioxidative role of vitamin E in alleviating the negative effects induced by artemether-lumefantrine and ciprofloxacin combination treatment, which may be from the impact of free radicals that may have been generated by the combined drugs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 60-62
Author(s):  
Swati Bhandari ◽  
Divya Badwal ◽  
Ruby Rani Agarwal

Dysmenorrhea is a medical condition characterized by severe uterine pain during menstruation. It is one of the most common gynaecological complaints observed. It has a high impact on women’s quality of life resulting in a restriction of daily activities, a lower academic performance, and poor quality of sleep and has negative effects on mood, causing anxiety and depression. Dysmenorrhea is explained as an Udavartini Yonivyapad in Ayurveda. The main clinical feature of Udavartini is rajahkricchrata i.e., painful menstruation. Today’s stressful modern lifestyle and faulty food habits i.e., increased consumption of oily and junk food is leading to a higher incidence of dysmenorrhea. In modern medicine, dysmenorrhea is treated by oral hormonal pills, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and analgesics. Long term use of these produces side effects. Thus, these are not the solution to the problem. The role of diet has been well considered as an etiological factor responsible for causing dysmenorrhea. Ayurveda has given importance to diet and regimen as a part of Chikitsa. Thus, taking an appropriate diet (Pathya Ahara) and avoiding a faulty diet (Apathya Ahara) will help in prevention as well as reducing the symptoms of dysmenorrhea.


Author(s):  
Lara Augustijn

Abstract Background Joint physical custody is a parental care arrangement in which children live roughly an equal amount of time with each parent after family dissolution, residing alternately in each of the two parental households. Because joint physical custody is characterised by fathers’ continued involvement in their children’s lives, this care arrangement is believed to compensate for the negative effects of family dissolution, and to contribute to children’s well-being in post-separation families. Objective This study aims to investigate potential differences in the experiences of stress of children living in joint physical custody and sole physical custody arrangements, while considering both the proportion of time the children spend with each of their parents and the number of transitions the children make between the parental households. Methods Based on data from the Family Models in Germany (FAMOD) study, a national convenience sample, linear regression models were estimated for 297 children between the ages of 11 and 14. Results The statistical analysis suggests that there was no significant association between the physical custody type (sole physical custody vs. joint physical custody) and the children’s levels of stress. In addition, the results revealed that children’s experiences of stress did not depend on how often they moved between their parents’ households. Conclusions This study does not corroborate the assumption that joint physical custody has a protective effect on children, but instead suggests that different physical custody arrangements are associated with different stressors that lead to similar levels of stress in children living in different post-separation families.


2021 ◽  
pp. 42-51
Author(s):  
A. V. Vlasenko ◽  
A. G. Koryakin ◽  
E. A. Evdokimov ◽  
I. S. Klyuev

The development of medical technologies and the emergence of new methods of respiratory support with extensive capabilities to control positive pressure on the inhale and exhale made it possible to implement non-invasive ventilation. The integration of microprocessors in modern respiratory interfaces, on the one hand, and a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of respiratory failure, on the other hand, made it possible to improve and implement various methods of non-invasive respiratory support in everyday clinical practice. The experience gained in recent decades with the use of non-invasive ventilation made it possible to widely use this method of respiratory support in a wide variety of clinical situations. However, the selection of patients for mask ventilation, the choice of method and algorithm for its application, prognosis of effectiveness, prevention of negative effects, as before, remain relevant. This dictates the need to continue studying the clinical efficacy of non-invasive ventilation in patients with respiratory failure of various origins. The review presents the possibilities and limitations of the use of non-invasive respiratory support in patients with respiratory failure in the intensive care unit.


Author(s):  
L. P. Kazakova ◽  
V. A. Koshel ◽  
E. V. Chankova

The transition of universities to distance learning during the CODID-19 pandemic caused discussions about the development of the educational system in the context of digitalization of society. The question arose about the readiness of universities, students, and teachers to use digital educational tools. Studies of students’ ideas about distance learning have revealed its difficulties, positive and negative effects. The analysis of the survey data made it possible to reveal the problems of forming the basic competencies of students taking into account the requirements of the digital economy. The authors conclude, based on the analysis of the results of a survey of humanities students, that the previously discovered difficulties of distance learning persist during the «second wave» of the pandemic. They reveal the relevance of survival values for students (according to R. Inglehart and K. Welzel). The authors suggest that the decline in significance of self-expression values and the decrease in the sense of existential security may be a consequence of the pandemic crisis. The possibilities of digitalization of education to strengthen the resources of the subject and increase its mobility have come into conflict with the return of students to settledness when introducing distance learning to implement epidemic restrictions.


Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (20) ◽  
pp. 6638
Author(s):  
Dariusz Fuksa

This article analyses opportunities and threats for the Polish power industry resulting from the EU climate and energy policy. The main assumptions of the policy and directives resulting from it with regard to climate protection and the use of renewable energy sources (RES) in the production of electricity and heat are presented. The negative effects (threats) for Poland in meeting the EU requirements are discussed. The paper also discusses the opportunities for Polish coal, proposing solutions to meet EU directives and to maintain energy security without having to give up Polish coal. Reference is made as well to the plans to liquidate the Polish mining industry, indicating solutions opposing such actions.


Author(s):  
Shivani Kumar ◽  
Nita Karnik Lee ◽  
Elizabeth Pinkerton ◽  
Kristen E. Wroblewski ◽  
Ernst Lengyel ◽  
...  

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (10) ◽  
pp. e0255181
Author(s):  
Andrea Bonanomi ◽  
Federica Facchin ◽  
Serena Barello ◽  
Daniela Villani

Background During the COVID-19 pandemic, many people had to shift their social and work life online. A few researchers and journalists described a new form of fatigue associated with a massive use of technology, including videoconferencing platforms. In this study, this type of fatigue was referred to as Online Fatigue. A new tool (the Online Fatigue Scale) was developed, and its psychometric properties were evaluated. This tool was used to assess Online Fatigue among Italian academics and to examine its associations with psychological and physical health. Methods An online survey was conducted in December 2020 on a sample of Italian academics. Besides the Online Fatigue Scale (11 items) used to assess Online Fatigue, the survey was composed of questionnaires (including validated measures) focused on sociodemographic and job-related information, technostress creators, health status, psychological well-being, and COVID-related perceived distress. The psychometric properties of the Online Fatigue Scale were evaluated, and statistical analyses were conducted to examine the associations between Online Fatigue and all the other variables. Results Participants were 307 academics aged 24–70 years old (mean age = 40.7; SD = 10.1). The Online Fatigue Scale showed good psychometric properties. Two subscales were identified: Off-Balance Fatigue and Virtual Relations Fatigue. High levels of Off-Balance Fatigue were associated with a greater use of technology, female gender, and presence of minor children. Participants with high scores on both subscales reported a greater frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, unhealthy habits, poorer psychological well-being, and greater Covid-related perceived distress. Conclusions The Online Fatigue Scale can be considered a reliable tool to assess Online Fatigue, which was significantly detected in our sample of Italian academics, along with its negative effects on physical and psychological health. Being a woman and having young children represent important risk factors. Universities should promote the separation between work and private life by encouraging self-care activities.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Gabrielle A. Heselton ◽  
Gwen R. Rempel ◽  
David B Nicholas

Interview Data<p>There is ample evidence that childhood adversity correlates negatively with physical and mental health outcomes across the lifespan. Resilience results when internal and external protective factors in childhood mitigate the effects of adversity and mental and physical health outcomes are improved. However, the phenomena of childhood adversity and resilience among autistic children are understudied and not well understood. In this study, we engaged members of the autism community to advise on the research question, research design, and analysis. Following the engagement phase, three autistic young women and one nonbinary young adult, aged 19-27, participated in semi-structured interviews via phone, video conference, and online chat;. credibility checking interviews followed data analysis. Through interpretative phenomenological analysis we identified themes related to negative effects of adversity, including <i>social disconnection</i>, <i>mental and emotional well-being</i>, <i>sense of self</i>, and <i>development into young adulthood</i>. Resilience was developed in <i>places of refuge</i> and <i>identity</i>, and was evident in their <i>transitions into young adulthood</i>. These findings provide direction for fostering resilience in children and adolescents on the autism spectrum and planning and implementing mental health supports to autistic individuals across the lifespan. </p>


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