Research Design
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2021 ◽  
pp. 002216782110452
Author(s):  
William Brennan ◽  
Margo A. Jackson ◽  
Katherine MacLean ◽  
Joseph G. Ponterotto

As both 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)- and psilocybin-assisted psychedelic psychotherapy near U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval and gain acceptance as efficacious clinical approaches, concerns have been raised about the likelihood of sexual violation of a client and other relational boundary transgressions. In the current study, 23 practitioners who have administered MDMA and psilocybin to clients in underground (i.e., extralegal) healing contexts were interviewed about their experiences navigating multiple relationships, nonsexual touch, and sexual boundary-setting in their work. Of these practitioners, 12 had undergone formal, graduate-level training in psychotherapy, 10 identified as female, and 13 identified as male. A phenomenological research design was used to assess what unique relational challenges they have faced in this work and what practices they have found helpful in doing so. Two sets of themes addressing these two questions were developed from the data. Descriptive themes represent the unique challenges that psychedelic practitioners have encountered in their work, and prescriptive themes are made up of the practices they have found most useful in confronting these challenges. Some themes are unique to psychedelic work (e.g., client nudity, the use of touch, the belief that therapists must continue to have their own psychedelic experiences), while others represent a psychedelic-specific take on standard ethical considerations (e.g., transference, supervision, staying within one’s scope of competence). Discussion of these results includes implications for the training of psychedelic psychotherapists and other regulatory decisions facing the field.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Rose Gubitosi-Klug ◽  
Ingrid Libman ◽  
Kimberly L. Drews ◽  
Diane Uschner ◽  
Barbara A. Blodi ◽  
...  

<p><b>Objective</b>: The Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) trial reported a 13.9% prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in youth with an average 4.9 ± 1.5 years of type 2 diabetes duration. After seven years of additional follow up, we report the risk factors for progression of DR in the TODAY cohort. </p> <p><b>Research Design and Methods</b>: Retinal photographs (n = 517) were obtained in 2010-2011 and again in 2017-18 (n = 420) with seven standard stereoscopic field digital fundus photography. Photographs were graded centrally using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scale. Three hundred sixty-seven patients with gradable fundus photographs in at least one eye at both assessments were included in analyses of progression of diabetic retinopathy, defined as an increase of three or more steps on the ETDRS scale.</p> <p><b>Results</b>: With mean age of 25.4 ± 2.5 years and diabetes duration of 12.0 ± 1.5 years, participants had a 49% prevalence of any diabetic retinopathy. Prevalence by DR stage included: 39% very mild or mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR); 6% moderate to severe NPDR; and 3.8% proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Compared with non-progressors, participants who progressed three or more steps had significantly lower BMI, higher HbA1c, higher blood pressure, increased triglycerides, decreased C-peptide, and higher prevalence of other comorbidities. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that HbA1c was the dominant factor impacting DR progression.</p> <p><b>Conclusions</b>: Poor glycemic control of youth-onset type 2 diabetes imparts a high risk for progression of DR, including advanced, sight-threatening disease by young adulthood. <b><u></u></b></p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 15-27
Author(s):  
Olayo Ochieng ◽  
Lewis Kamau

Purpose: This paper sought to examine whether workplace training in mitigating discrimination, harassment and retaliation has been effective. Methodology: This study adopted exploratory research methodology. Exploratory research design is used to investigate a problem which is not clearly defined. It is conducted to have a better understanding of the existing problem, but will not provide conclusive results. It explored studies conducted on the topic. This means that the study relied on desk-top review of the existing studies and documented case laws.  Further, it relied on the cases laws. A narrative analysis was done and at this point the information was interpreted by comparing the findings with the findings of other empirical studies. This information was interpreted together with the ‘Stories within stories’ and related to the existing literature Findings: The results found that while workplace training increases sensitivity, it is associated with less accuracy in detecting discrimination, harassment, and retaliation. This is based on the fact that there are many cases on the matter before the courts. Further, the study shows that there is no relationship between training and the ability of the manager to propose the required response after the act. Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study recommends that there is need for organizations to develop action plans that will measure the effectiveness of trainings. There is need to regularly review policies to ensure that they are modern realities such as online harassment. Finally the study recommends amendment of the current employment Act to exclusively require that employers must conduct training on the issues.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Rose Gubitosi-Klug ◽  
Ingrid Libman ◽  
Kimberly L. Drews ◽  
Diane Uschner ◽  
Barbara A. Blodi ◽  
...  

<p><b>Objective</b>: The Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) trial reported a 13.9% prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in youth with an average 4.9 ± 1.5 years of type 2 diabetes duration. After seven years of additional follow up, we report the risk factors for progression of DR in the TODAY cohort. </p> <p><b>Research Design and Methods</b>: Retinal photographs (n = 517) were obtained in 2010-2011 and again in 2017-18 (n = 420) with seven standard stereoscopic field digital fundus photography. Photographs were graded centrally using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scale. Three hundred sixty-seven patients with gradable fundus photographs in at least one eye at both assessments were included in analyses of progression of diabetic retinopathy, defined as an increase of three or more steps on the ETDRS scale.</p> <p><b>Results</b>: With mean age of 25.4 ± 2.5 years and diabetes duration of 12.0 ± 1.5 years, participants had a 49% prevalence of any diabetic retinopathy. Prevalence by DR stage included: 39% very mild or mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR); 6% moderate to severe NPDR; and 3.8% proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Compared with non-progressors, participants who progressed three or more steps had significantly lower BMI, higher HbA1c, higher blood pressure, increased triglycerides, decreased C-peptide, and higher prevalence of other comorbidities. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that HbA1c was the dominant factor impacting DR progression.</p> <p><b>Conclusions</b>: Poor glycemic control of youth-onset type 2 diabetes imparts a high risk for progression of DR, including advanced, sight-threatening disease by young adulthood. <b><u></u></b></p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 5417-5440
Author(s):  
Snehal Hirve ◽  
Netra Neelam

Purpose: The purpose is to map the research work stating the readiness or responsiveness of the higher education institutions towards pandemics and identify the patterns of academic research. Design/Methodology/Approach: Bibliometric analysis is done to map and evaluate the outcomes in the form of the documents published, stating the development of research and understanding the patterns of publication. Findings: Uncommon examinations are attempted to give a multi-faceted technique required to sustain the crisis and build a robust education system in the long run. Likewise, embraced shared research should be empowered and upheld at various levels. Practical implications: The brief interferences provided will enable the readers to get quick and valuable insights into the nature and attributes of academic publishing. Thus, benefiting the researchers in developing their future research agenda and come up with some more innovative ideas. Originality/value: Rare studies using bibliometric analysis are directed to identify the higher education institutions' responses to the pandemic or efforts required for supporting the" New Normal" in post-pandemic, which is a candid and resourceful exercise to contribute to the existing pool of literature.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (10) ◽  
pp. 1480
Author(s):  
Sabilal Rosyad ◽  
Markus Diantoro ◽  
Sentot Kusairi

<p><strong>Abstract: </strong>This study aims to determine the effect of the application of a scientific approach assisted by formative assessment of the motivation and results of physics learning students of class XI. The study used a quasi-experimental research design. The study involved 69 students of class XI. The experimental group received treatment in the form of a scientific approach with formative assessment, while the control class used the lecture method varied with assessment in the form of group assignments. The research instrument used a questionnaire to measure learning motivation and multiple choice tests to measure learning outcomes. The results showed that the formative-assisted approach to scientific learning models influenced learning motivation and physics learning outcomes in class XI students.</p><strong>Abstrak:</strong> Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh penerapan <em>scientific approach</em> berbantuan penilaian formatif terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar fisika siswa kelas XI. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan penelitian eksperimen semu. Penelitian melibatkan 69 siswa kelas XI. Kelompok eksperimen mendapatkan perlakukan berupa pendekatan scientific disertai penilaian formatif, sementara kelas kontrol menggunakan metode ceramah bervariasi disertai penilaian berupa tugas kelompok. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan angket untuk mengukur motivasi belajar dan tes pilihan ganda untuk mengukur hasil belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan model pembelajaran <em>scientific approach</em> berbantuan penilaian formatif berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar Fisika pada siswa kelas XI.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (10) ◽  
pp. 1495
Author(s):  
Fatimatus Suhroh ◽  
Bambang Yudi Cahyono

<p class="Abstract"><strong>Abstract:</strong> Google Classroom is a kind of platform that teachers and students have come to know about. One of the learning processes achieved with google classroom is to blend the style of learning. Blended teaching is one of the teaching processes which is done not only inside the class (offline) but also outside the class (online). The study aims to impose the perspective of Indonesian teachers on the usage of Google Classroom. The study is performed through a qualitative research design. The sample of the study, which uses a survey method through a google form, consisting of forty teachers throughout Indonesia who have administered Google Classroom in their classroom for at least one semester. The data acquired has been put through a comprehensive analysis by categorizing and highlighting the data. The findings showed that almost all the teachers used blended teaching and it had three of the most beneficial usage which is accessibility, as a means of communication and data analysis. The significant challenges on the usage of Google Classroom were in the internet connection and online submitted assignments. They assumed that the overall highlights on Google Classroom usage can be effective and improved for future features.</p><strong>Abstrak:</strong><em> </em>Google Classroom adalah sebuah platform yang banyak diketahui oleh para guru dan siswa. Salah satu proses pembelajaran yang dicapai dengan google classroom adalah untuk memadukan gaya belajar. Pembelajaran campuran (<em>blended learning</em>)  adalah salah satu proses pengajaran yang dilakukan tidak hanya di dalam kelas (<em>offline</em>) tetapi juga di luar kelas (<em>online</em>). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perspektif guru Indonesia tentang penggunaan <em>Google Classroom</em>. Penelitian dilakukan melalui desain penelitian kualitatif. Sampel penelitian, yang menggunakan metode survei menggunakan <em>google form</em>, terdiri dari empat puluh guru di seluruh Indonesia yang telah menerapkan <em>Google Classroom</em> di kelas mereka selama setidaknya satu semester. Data yang diperoleh telah dimasukkan melalui analisis yang komprehensif dengan mengategorikan dan menganalisis pokok data. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa hampir semua guru menggunakan pengajaran campuran dan memiliki tiga penggunaan yang paling bermanfaat yaitu aksesibilitas, sebagai sarana komunikasi dan analisis data. Tantangan yang signifikan dalam penggunaan <em>Google Classroom</em> adalah dalam koneksi internet dan penugasan yang dikirimkan secara <em>online</em>. Mereka berasumsi bahwa sorotan keseluruhan pada penggunaan <strong><em>Google Classroom</em></strong> dapat efektif dan ditingkatkan untuk fitur di masa depan.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (10) ◽  
pp. 1422
Author(s):  
Nur Diana Rosyidah ◽  
Sentot Kusairi ◽  
Ahmad Taufiq

<table width="645" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td valign="top" width="439"><p><strong>Abstract:</strong>  The purpose of this study is to analyze students' critical thinking especially on static fluid material through STEM PjBL accompanied by authentic assessment. The research design used mixed methods type embedded experimental design and the sample used in the study amounted to 32 students. Through the results of the analysis note that the learning process used is moderately influential on increasing students' critical thinking skills. In general, students experience an increase in all indicators of critical thinking.</p><p class="Abstract"><strong>Abstrak:</strong><em> </em>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa khususnya dalam materi fluida statis melalui STEM PjBL disertai penilaian otentik. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan ialah <em>mixed methods </em>tipe<em> embedded experimental design</em> dan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian berjumlah 32 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui bahwa perlakuan yang diterapkan mampu meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Secara umum, siswa mengalami peningkatan pada semua indikator berpikir kritis.</p></td></tr></tbody></table>


Author(s):  
Ritesh Kumar Yadav ◽  
Jahanara Jahanara

More than half of Indian population were engaged in agricultural sector but the available technology doesn’t ensure food security of the country. Hence, to diffuse new agricultural invention and innovation in the farming community, there arises a need for effective medium for transfer of technology. Thus, KVK bridges the gap between the technology generation and dissemination. The present study was proposed to understand the impact of KVK in doubling farmers income to formulate suitable programmes. For the study, descriptive research design was adopted. 120 respondents from Biswan taluk of Sitapur district of Uttar Pradesh were selected as respondents. Primary data collected from respondents and secondary data from available literatures. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents were middle aged, illiterate, upto 5 members in their family, medium level of annual income, possesses their own land, agriculture as their main occupation, medium level of mass media exposure, office bearer in one organization, high level of extension contact. Meanwhile, more than half of the respondents had reported medium level of impact towards the activities carried out by KVK, beneficiary selection is not unbiased is a major constraint suggested that maximum emphasis should be given on learning by doing.


Author(s):  
Satyajeet Kumar ◽  
Jahanara Jahanara ◽  
D.K. Bose

The present study is an attempt to assess the socio-economic characteristics and utilization level of communication media in improved cultivation practices of pulses by the farmers of Purnia district in Bihar. Pulse cultivation is not prominent in this area however a large no. of farmers cultivate leguminous crop, due to availability of information or communication channel farmers were receiving proper information about practices. Primary data from 120 farmers were collected through face to face interviews. Descriptive research design had been used for the present study. Random and Purposive sampling had been used for the present study Farmers had a highest utilization in Friend, neighbor and relatives (83.34%), Followed by radio whose utilization percentage by farmers were 75%. 48.33% of farmers had Medium level of utilization Followed by 29.16% of farmers had high level utilization about improved cultivation practices of pulses.


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