laboratory features
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2022 ◽  
pp. 56-61
N. A. Ilenkova ◽  
N. S. Konurkina ◽  
E. S. Sokolovskaya ◽  
S. U. Pastuhova ◽  
A. A. Kolodina ◽  

Objective: Conducting comparative analysis of the clinical and laboratory features of the course of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia and pneumonia in the presence of laboratory-confirmed coronavirus infection (COVID-19) in children in Krasnoyarsk.Methods: A retrospective clinical and laboratory analysis of 68 medical histories of children having a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) complicated by pneumonia (2020), as well as 52 medical histories of children having community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (2019) is presented.Results: More than half of the cases fall on children older than 7 years. Boys prevailed in both groups. The majority of children in group 1 had a moderate form of COVID-19 course. Cough is the most common symptom in children having bacterial pneumonia. Children having COVID-19 pneumonia had symptoms that were not present in children of group 2: headache – in 19.1% of cases, myalgia – 7.4%, various dyspeptic disorders. In more than 80% of cases of bacterial pneumonia, there were percussion sound dullness and local decreased breath sounds, and more frequent detection of adverse respiratory noises. Changes in the peripheral blood in children with COVID-19 were non-specific.Conclusions: Clinical course of pneumonia in the presence of laboratory-confirmed coronavirus infection (COVID-19) in children has its specific clinical features. The most common symptoms are headache, myalgia, dyspeptic disorders. Children with bacterial pneumonia were more likely to suffer from cough and a strongly marked intoxication syndrome.

2021 ◽  
Vol 57 (1) ◽  
pp. 75-80
Aslıhan Şahin ◽  
Necmi Can Yüksel ◽  
Eda Karadağ Öncel ◽  
Ahu Kara Aksay ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Geng Wang ◽  
Qian Wang ◽  
Yeming Wang ◽  
Changzheng Liu ◽  
Linghang Wang ◽  

BackgroundStriking similarities have been found between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody (Ab)-related dermatomyositis, implying a shared autoinflammatory aberrance. Herein, we aim to investigate whether the anti-MDA5 Ab is present in COVID-19 and correlates with the severity and adverse outcome of COVID-19 patients.Methods and FindingsWe retrospectively recruited 274 adult inpatients with COVID-19 in this study, including 48, 164, and 62 cases of deaths, severe, and non-severe patients respectively. The anti-MDA5 Ab was determined by ELISA and verified by Western Blotting, which indicated that the positive rate of anti-MDA5 Ab in COVID-19 patients was 48.2% (132/274). The clinical and laboratory features, as well as outcomes between patients with positive and negative anti-MDA5 Ab were compared and we found that the anti-MDA5 Ab positive patients tended to represent severe disease (88.6% vs 66.9%, P<0.0001). We also demonstrated that the titer of anti-MDA5 Ab was significantly elevated in the non-survivals (5.95 ± 5.16 vs 8.22 ± 6.64, P=0.030) and the positive rate was also higher than that in the survivals (23.5% vs 12.0%, P=0.012). Regarding severe COVID-19 patients, we found that high titer of anti-MDA5 Ab (≥10.0 U/mL) was more prevalent in the non-survivals (31.2% vs 14.0%, P=0.006). Moreover, a dynamic analysis of anti-MDA5 Ab was conducted at different time-points of COVID-19, which revealed that early profiling of anti-MDA5 Ab could distinguish severe patients from those with non-severe ones.ConclusionsAnti-MDA5 Ab was prevalent in the COVID-19 patients and high titer of this antibody is correlated with severe disease and unfavorable outcomes.

D. I. Sadykova ◽  
S. V. Khaliullina ◽  
V. A. Anokhin ◽  
A. I. Ziatdinov ◽  
S. A. Senek ◽  

Objective. To describe clinical and laboratory features of COVID-19 in children admitted to the hospital.Children characteristics and research methods. The authors carried out a retrospective observational study, which included 204 children admitted to the Kazan hospital with a diagnosis of “new coronavirus infection” in the period from May 1 to October 30, 2020.Results. It was revealed that all hospitalized children had RNA of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (100%) in a smear from the nasopharynx and oropharynx detected by PCR and only 50% of patients were diagnosed with lung tissue lesions by computed tomography. The clinical picture of COVID-19 in children most often corresponds to the classic manifestations of a respiratory viral infection. Risk factors for the development of severe forms, described in adults, were recorded only in isolated cases in our study.Conclusion. The clinical picture of COVID-19 in children most often corresponds to the classic manifestations of a respiratory viral infection. Risk factors for the development of severe forms, described in adults, were recorded in isolated cases in our study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
Caiyun Wang ◽  
Juanjuan Liu ◽  
Yumei Mi ◽  
Jing Chen ◽  
Jing Bi ◽  

Abstract Background HAdV is one of the common pathogens in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infections (ARIs). We aim to describe the clinical and laboratory features, epidemiological characteristics, and HAdV species and/or types of inpatients with HAdV respiratory infections. Methods Respiratory samples were gathered from inpatients diagnosed ARIs in Children’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and were detected by using Direct Immunofluorescence Assay from 2018 to 2019. PCR amplification and sequencing of the hypervariable zone of hexon gene were used for genotyping. The clinical and laboratory features, and HAdV genotyping, and epidemiological characteristic analysis were retrospectively performed. Results Of 7072 samples collected, 488 were identified as HAdV-positive. The overall detection rate was 6.9%. The peaked detection rate was 14.1% in January 2019. HAdV-positive cases with ARIs mainly appeared in winter. The detection rate was highest among children between 6 months and 2 years (8.7%, 123/1408). Clinical diagnosis included pneumonia (70.3%, 343/488), bronchitis (7.0%, 34/488) and acute upper respiratory tract infection (22.7%, 111/488). The common clinical manifestations were fever (93.4%, 456/488), cough (94.7%, 462/488), wheezing (26.2%, 128/488), and shortness of breath (14.8%, 72/488). 213 (43.6%) cases had co-infection and 138 (28.3%) cases had extrapulmonary symptoms. 96(19.7%) cases had intrapulmonary and intrathoracic complications.78 (16.0%) had an underlying condition, most of which were congenital heart diseases (20.5%, 16/78). The proportions of hyperpyrexia, duration of fever > 10 days, severe pneumonia, and wheezing in the co-infection group were remarkably higher than those in HAdV single-infection group (all p < 0.05). The proportions of duration of hospitalization, duration of fever > 10 days, wheezing, shortness of breath, change in level of consciousness, serosal fluids, extrapulmonary symptoms, co-infections and underlying diseases were significantly higher in severe pneumonia group than those in the mild pneumonia group (all p < 0.05). Four HAdV species were successfully identified in 155 cases and presented by 8 genotypes. HAdV-B3 (56.1%, 87/155) and HAdV -B7 (31.0%, 48/155) were the most predominant detected types and occurred commonly in different severity groups (p = 0.000), while, HAdV-B55 was detected only in the severe group. HAdV-B7’s detection rate in the severe pneumonia group was significantly higher than the non-severe pneumonia group. Conclusion HAdV detection rate is related to age and season. Bronchopneumonia accounts for about 70% HAdV-positive inpatients. The common clinical manifestations include hyperpyrexia, cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath. HAdV-B3 and HAdV-B7 are the most common types in children diagnosed with respiration infections.

Naglaa Fawaz ◽  
Ismail Beshlawi ◽  
Alauldeen Alqasim ◽  
Mathew Zachariah ◽  
Roberta Russo ◽  

A 15 year child is presented with transfusion dependent chronic anemia. The clinical and laboratory features suggested a chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA) with bone marrow suggestive of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA). DNA studies revealed the underlying novel mutation in the PKLR gene responsible for pyruvate kinase deficiency.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (5) ◽  
pp. 360-369
Nikolay N. Murashkin ◽  
Eduard T. Ambarchian ◽  
Roman V. Epishev ◽  
Alexander I. Materikin ◽  
Leonid A. Opryatin ◽  

Photodermatoses is a heterogeneous group of diseases resulting from abnormal skin hypersensitivity to sunlight and presented as local or generalized rashes. Specific sensitivity of children's skin to ultraviolet is often the first sign or clinical symptom of photodermatosis. Abnormal photosensitivity can be represented by diverse group of primary idiopathic conditions or photo-mediated aggravation of existing dermatosis. Number of genetic genodermatoses, metabolic disorders and connective tissue diseases is also widely known. These conditions can manifest with photosensitivity associated to other extracutaneous clinical and laboratory features. Timely diagnosis of photosensitivity in childhood allows to minimize long-term complications associated with insufficient photoprotection.

2021 ◽  
Vol In Press (In Press) ◽  
Zahra Mahmoudi ◽  
Mahsa Nikjoo ◽  
Alireza Rezaiemanesh ◽  
Majid Ahmadi ◽  
Daryoush Pourmand

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a worldwide autoimmune disease. The disease has different etiologies, clinical and laboratory symptoms between different geographical and racial groups, and sufficient knowledge of the type of symptoms in each region can play a proper role in diagnosis and treatment. Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate demographic, clinical and laboratory features of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Kermanshah. Methods: This study is descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional. The files of 150 patients with lupus during 2016 - 2018 in Imam Reza hospital in Kermanshah were reviewed. Results: Data analysis showed that patients at the time of referral were with musculoskeletal symptoms 37.3% (56 individuals), cutaneous-mucosal 32% (48 individuals), constitutional 51.3% (77 individuals), renal 62% (93 individuals), cardiac 6.7% (10 individuals), neurological manifestations 17.3% (26 individuals), pulmonary involvement 37.3% (56 individuals), and Hematological 71.3% (107 individuals). The anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) in 60% (90 individuals), anti-double strand DNA Antibody (anti-ds DNA) in 35.4% (53 individuals), C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in 44.6% (67 individuals), lower level of normal C3 and C4 in 33.3% (50 individuals) and 11.3% (17 individuals), respectively, lupus anticoagulant in 13.3% (20 individuals), antibody citrullinated peptide anti-cyclic (anti-CCP) in 14.9% (22 individuals), anticardiolipin IgM and IgG, in 6% (9 individuals) and 9.3% (14 individuals) of patients respectively were observed. Also, anemia was observed in 34% (51 individuals), leukopenia in 22% (33 individuals), and thrombocytopenia in 30.7% (46 individuals). Abnormal ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) was seen in 59.3% (89 individuals) of patients. Leukopenia in men and positive CRP in women were more common (P = 0.014, P = 0.004). Conclusions: Despite the diverse clinical and laboratory manifestations of SLE in different racial and geographical groups, paying attention to these differences in each region can effectively diagnose the disease. As in this study, hematological manifestations had a higher percentage in the population of lupus patients in Kermanshah.

Blood ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 138 (Supplement 1) ◽  
pp. 3626-3626
Giuseppe Auteri ◽  
Vito Sansone ◽  
Daniela Bartoletti ◽  
Christian Di Pietro ◽  
Emanuele Sutto ◽  

Abstract Introduction: Spleen and liver stiffness, investigated by transient elastography (TE), have been associated with marrow fibrosis in patients (pts) with Ph-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) (Iurlo et al, Br J Haematol. 2015; Webb et al, Ultrasound Q. 2015). Morover, spleen stiffness was found to be greater in Myelofibrosis (MF) and Polycythemia Vera (PV) compared to Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) (Benedetti et al, J Clin Med. 2020). Tissue stiffness can be assessed by ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE), the two most common techniques being point SWE (pSWE) and bidimensional SWE (2D.SWE). Aims: The aims of this study are: 1) to identify TE differences between MPN pts and healthy volunteers (HV); 2) to evaluate specific TE features in pts with MF, PV and ET; 3) to assess whether spleen/liver stiffness may identify clinical-laboratory features associated with prognosis in MPNs Methods: In this monocentric study, MPN pts and HV received elastometric evaluation of spleen and liver stiffness by pSWE and 2D.SWE with an Esaote MyLab™9 ultrasound system. Spleen area, portal (PVD) and splenic vein diameter (SVD) were measured. Results: A total of 220 pts were included in this study: 142 (64.5%) MPN and 78 (35.5%) HV. MPN pts were affected by MF (63, 44.4%: 39 primary MF), PV (33, 23.2%) or ET (46, 32.4%). Compared to HV, MPN pts had greater median spleen maximal cross sectional area (79 vs 38 cm2, p&lt;0.001), greater spleen stiffness (pSWE 31.3 vs 23.7 kPa, p&lt;0.001; 2D.SWE 25.2 vs 18.7 kPa, p&lt;0.001), and greater liver stiffness (pSWE 6.0 vs 4.9 kPa, p&lt;0.001; 2D.SWE 5.4 vs 4.7 kPa, p&lt;0.001). Additionally, PVD and SVD were significantly larger in MPNs than in HV (PVD 10.9 vs 9.2 mm, p&lt;0.001; SVD 8 vs 6.3 mm, p&lt;0.001). Comparing each MPN to HV, only MF retained all the significant differences; conversely, liver stiffness and PVD were comparable between ET/PV and HV. Clinical and laboratory features of MPN pts are shown in Tab 1. Compared to PV and ET pts, MF pts had higher spleen (p&lt;0.001) and liver stiffness (p&lt;0.001), larger PVD (p&lt;0.001) and SVD (p&lt;0.001). Conversely, ET and PV displayed comparable TE values. Notably, higher median spleen area (p&lt;0.001), larger SVD (p=0.03) and PVD (p=0.02), higher liver (pSWE/2D.SWE, p&lt;0.001/p=0.002) and spleen stiffness (pSWE/2D.SWE, p=0.01/p=0.001) were associated with increased marrow fibrosis grade. Grade 0-1 marrow fibrosis was present in 15 MF, 17 PV and 34 ET pts. Considering only these 66 MPN pts, spleen (40.8 vs 31.3/25.6 in PV/ET, p=0.006) and liver (6.5 vs 5.6/4.7 in PV/ET, p=0.01) stiffness was significantly higher in MF pts. Notably, increased spleen fibrosis was significantly associated with thrombotic history (32.2 vs 24.3 kPa in pts without previous thrombosis, p=0.02). Also, MPN pts with splanchnic vein thrombosis had higher spleen (pSWE: p&lt;0.001; 2D.SWE: p&lt;0.001) and liver stiffness (pSWE: p &lt;0.001), and increased PVD (p=0.02) and spleen area (p=0003). In MF pts, TE data did not correlate with DIPSS risk category. However, a higher spleen stiffness (pSWE/2D.SWE, p=0.09/ p=0.03), liver stiffness (pSWE/2D.SWE, p=0.001/p=0.01), PVD (p=0.002), and SVD (p=0.01) were associated with larger spleen length by palpation. Also, a reduced SVD was associated with the presence of ≥1 high molecular risk mutation (HMR) (p=0.04). As expected, MF pts treated with JAK-inhibitors showed larger spleen area (143.8 vs 83.7 cm 2, p=0.01) and higher spleen stiffness (34.3 vs 24 kPa, p=0.01) compared to pts under cytoreductive therapy. However, pts in spleen response at the time of TE had lower median SVD/PVD (p=0.05/p=0.07) and reduced spleen stiffness (sSWE/2D.SWE: 31.5/25.9 vs 39.0/32.8 in non-responders, p=0.01/p=0.04) In ET/PV, TE data were comparable in pts with/without a complete hematological response. However, IFN was associated with enlarged spleen area and stiffness compared to cytoreduction. Conclusions: TE evaluation effectively distinguishes MF pts from HV and ET/PV, while ET/PV show relevant similarities to each other and to HV. TE data were significantly associated with prognostically relevant features including marrow fibrosis and history of thrombosis in all MPNs, and presence of large splenomegaly and HMR in MF. Finally, TE data were significantly associated with spleen response in MF. Overall, spleen/liver stiffness may help in correct MPN diagnosis, and may provide clinical guidance, being associated with known prognostic factors and treatment outcome. Figure 1 Figure 1. Disclosures Cavo: Bristol-Myers Squib: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel Accommodations, Speakers Bureau. Piscaglia: ESAOTE: Research Funding. Palandri: CTI: Consultancy; AOP: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sierra Oncology: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

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