refugee camps
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Robert Burgoyne

This chapter explores the unprecedented formal experiments of Richard Mosse and Ai Weiwei in their attempts to capture the signature global event of our time, the mass movements of refugees and immigrants across geopolitical boundaries. In Mosse’s Incoming, a thermal camera registers the heat emanating from human bodies from some 30 miles away, providing images of refugees in lifeboats, transport trucks, and refugee camps that are both other-worldly, almost mutant in their strangeness, and deeply moving—images that rivet the gaze. In Ai Weiwei’s Human Flow, drone cameras render the vast scale of human displacement around the world—a view from above is interspersed with the close witnessing of cell phone video, using the visual language of spontaneous documentation in counterpoint with a technology associated with military surveillance. In both films, Giorgio Agamben’s concept of “bare life” is articulated within an advanced optical and technological framework that brings new critical questions into view.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 835-854
M. I. Makhmutova

 In the presented work, the author examines the situation with Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, where they were forced to settle down after 1948. The article examines international and Lebanese documents, which made it possible to understand the status of the Palestinians. The work carried out by scientists in the fi eld is of interest, since they had the opportunity to conduct surveys and interviews. The author relied on a systematic approach in the presented study. The paper examines the social problems Palestinians face while living in refugee camps. The problems of access to basic needs, employment, marriage unions are noted. It also focuses on the issue of security for ordinary Palestinians, since the Lebanese security forces are unable to provide it, and Palestinian groups periodically feud with each other, which sometimes infl icts irreparable blow to the people. From the author's point of view, the problem of Palestinian refugees persists due to the complex confessional balance in Lebanon and is unlikely to be resolved in the foreseeable future, which endangers stability not only in the camps, but also in Lebanon itself.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Afsana Anwar ◽  
Probal Kumar Mondal ◽  
Uday Narayan Yadav ◽  
Abu Ahmed Shamim ◽  
Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan ◽  

Abstract Objectives: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the authorities made a change in the classification of malnutrition and concomitant service delivery protocol among the Rohingya children, residing in world’s largest refugee camp, located in Bangladesh. In this paper, we discussed the potential implications of this updated protocol on the malnutrition status among children from the Rohingya camp. Design: This paper reviewed relevant literature and authors’ own experience to provide a perspective of the updated protocol for the classification of malnutrition among the children in the Rohingya camps and its implication from a broader perspective. Setting: Rohingya refugee camps, Bangladesh Participants: Children aged less than five years residing in the Rohingya camps. Results: Major adaptation during this COVID-19 was discontinuation of using weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) and use of only MUAC and presence of edema for admission, follow up and discharge of malnourished children in camps. However, evidence suggest that use of MUAC only can underestimate the prevalence of malnutrition among the children in Rohingya camps. These apparently non-malnourished children are devoid of the rations that they would otherwise receive if classified as malnourished, making them susceptible to more severe malnutrition. Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that policymakers should consider using the original protocol of using both MUAC and WHZ to classify malnutrition and retain the guided ration size. We also believe that it would not take an extra effort to adopt the original guideline as even with MUAC only guideline, certain health measures needed to adopt during this pandemic.

2022 ◽  

More than one hundred years after the conclusion of the First World War, the edited collection States of Emergency. Architecture, Urbanism, and the First World War reassesses what that cataclysmic global conflict meant for architecture and urbanism from a human, social, economic, and cultural perspective. Chapters probe how underdevelopment and economic collapse manifested spatially, how military technologies were repurposed by civilians, and how cultures of education, care, and memory emerged from battle. The collection places an emphasis on the various states of emergency as experienced by combatants and civilians across five continents—from refugee camps to military installations, villages to capital cities—thus uncovering the role architecture played in mitigating and exacerbating the everyday tragedy of war.

Zainab Faruqui Ali ◽  
Imon Chowdhooree ◽  
Shegufta Newaz ◽  
Muhammad Ferdaus ◽  
Shams Monsoor Ghani

2022 ◽  
pp. 244-272
M. Mahruf C. Shohel ◽  
Md. Ashrafuzzaman ◽  
Farhan Azim ◽  
Tahmina Akter ◽  
Shamima Ferdous Tanny

Rohingya children have become victims of mass displacement, with some of them being internally or externally displaced because of long-standing violence and prejudice in their own country. Currently, a substantial number of them are residing in refugee camps in Bangladesh. They lost all their rights, including the right to retain their native country's nationality. Their basic human rights are violated when they become stateless refugees in the era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which emphasize equality, equity, and social justice. Rohingya children in refugee camps face adversity and have limited access to informal education and health services. Due to a lack of nutritious food, healthcare services, medicines, and basic sanitation, the health conditions for some of them are exceedingly poor. Children, particularly young girls, are vulnerable to gender-based violence, child marriage, and human trafficking, both for sex and manual labor. This chapter investigates the childhood experiences of displaced Rohingya children living in Bangladeshi refugee camps.

Intersections ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (3) ◽  
pp. 241-258
Fazila Bhimji

This paper traces the everyday realities of refugees living in camps in certain federal states of Germany during the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. It provides a systematic analysis of refugees’ testimonies and demonstrates that they have not received similar levels of care and protection as German citizens, and that their movement has become increasingly regulated. Drawing on Achille Mbembe’s notion of ‘necropolitics’, I argue that the German State has treated refugees’ lives as less liveable than those of their own citizens during the pandemic, as was the case before it broke out. Much scholarship has explained the notion of refugee camps in various ways, but there has been less discussion of Lagers (camps) as a site where colonial oppression persists outside the temporal and spatial contexts of former colonies. Data are drawn from archived data sets and testimonies that refugees uploaded to websites of various refugee activist groups.

2021 ◽  
Md. Abul Kalam Azad ◽  
Muhammad Zakaria ◽  
Tania Nachrin ◽  
Madhab Chandra Das ◽  
Feng Cheng ◽  

Abstract Background: Considering more than 720,000 Rohingya into Bangladesh, unplanned pregnancy, and serious complications of pregnancy among refugees, this study aims to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of family planning (FP) and associated factors among the Rohingya women living in the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Methods: Four hundred Rohingya women were investigated, and data were collected using a structured questionnaire, which included socio-demographic characteristics, awareness of contraceptive methods, knowledge, attitudes and practices on FP. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of outcome variables. Results: Of the Rohingya refugee women, 60% were unaware that there is no physical harm in adopting a permanent method of birth control. Half of them lack proper knowledge of whether a girl was eligible for marriage before the age of 18. More than two-thirds think family planning methods should not be used without the husband’s permission. Besides, 40% were ashamed and afraid to discuss family planning matters with their husbands, considering it as a sin. Of them, 58% had the opinion that a couple should continue bearing children until a son is born. Linear regression analyses demonstrated that Racidong in Myanmar as the region of residence, being professional, number of children, physician/nurse being the source of FP knowledge, having FP interventions in the camp, participating in a FP program, visiting a health facility, and talking with a health care provider on FP were significantly associated with Rohingya women’s better KAP of FP. Conclusions: The study showed that Rohingya refugee women are a marginalized population in family planning and the comprehensive FP-KAP capability was low. Contraceptives among the Rohingyas are unpopular, mainly due to a lack of education and family planning awareness. In addition, family planning initiatives among Rohingya refugees were limited by some traditional cultural and religious beliefs. Therefore, strengthening FP interventions and increasing the accessibility to essential health services and education are indispensable in order to improve maternal health among refugees.

2021 ◽  
pp. 019791832110648
Md. Didarul Islam ◽  
Ayesha Siddika

This IMR Dispatch attempts to elucidate the different concerns of human right groups and international communities over the relocation of the Rohingyas, a forcefully displaced ethnic minority of Myanmar, from the Cox's Bazar refugee camps, in mainland Bangladesh, to a newly developed island, Bhasan Char, in the Bay of Bengal. Of the nearly 1 million Rohingyas currently living in Cox's Bazar camps, the Bangladesh government has started relocating 100,000 Rohingyas to Bhasan Char. International organizations have expressed three concerns over this relocation strategy: first, that the Rohingyas have been relocated to Bhasan Char forcibly, second, that since Bhasan Char is a newly built island, there are potential environmental risks for the Rohingyas, and third, that this relocation does not ensure that the Rohingyas’ human rights will be respected on the island. The Bangladesh government, however, has dismissed these allegations, arguing that the relocation of 100,000 Rohingyas is voluntary and that the island provides them an opportunity for improved living. This IMR Dispatch reflects on those allegations concerning the relocation strategy, with the goal of drawing migration scholars’ attention to these developments. Since the Rohingyas are already a forcibly displaced community, migration scholars should pay close attention to this re-migration or onward migration of large numbers of Rohingyas to a new island and its implications for host-country approaches to forced migration.

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