Services Utilization
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2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
Mariam Tanou ◽  
Takaaki Kishida ◽  
Yusuke Kamiya

Abstract Background The world is making progress toward achieving maternal and child health (MCH) related components of the Sustainable Development Goals. Nevertheless, the progress of many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa is lagging. Geographical accessibility from residence to health facilities is considered a major obstacle hampering the use of appropriate MCH services. Benin, a country where the southern and northern parts belong to different geographical zones, has among the highest maternal mortality rate in the world. Adequate use of MCH care is important to save lives of women and their babies. This study assessed the effect of geographical accessibility to health facilities on antenatal care and delivery services utilization in Benin, with an emphasis on geographical zones. Methods We pooled two rounds of Benin Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHS). The sample included 18,105 women aged 15–49 years (9111 from BDHS-2011/2012 and 8994 from BDHS-2017/2018) who had live births within five years preceding the surveys. We measured the distance and travel time from residential areas to the closest health center by merging the BDHS datasets with Benin’s geographic information system data. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the effect of geographical access on pregnancy and delivery services utilization. We conducted a propensity score-matching analysis to check for robustness. Results Regression results showed that the distance to the closest health center had adverse effects on the likelihood of a woman receiving appropriate maternal healthcare. The estimates showed that one km increase in straight-line distance to the closest health center reduces the odds of the woman receiving at least one antenatal care by 0.042, delivering in facility by 0.092, and delivering her baby with assistance of skilled birth attendants by 0.118. We also confirmed the negative effects of travel time and altitude of women’s residence on healthcare utilization. Nonetheless, these effects were mainly seen in the northern part of Benin. Conclusions Geographical accessibility to health facilities is critically important for the utilization of antenatal care and delivery services, particularly in the northern part of Benin. Improving geographical accessibility, especially in rural areas, is significant for further use of maternal health care in Benin.

Lillian Gelberg ◽  
Samuel T. Edwards ◽  
Elizabeth R. Hooker ◽  
Meike Niederhausen ◽  
Andrew Shaner ◽  

Abstract PURPOSE High-quality, comprehensive care of vulnerable populations requires interprofessional ambulatory care teams skilled in addressing complex social, medical, and psychological needs. Training health professionals in interprofessional settings is crucial for building a competent future workforce. The impacts on care utilization of adding continuity trainees to ambulatory teams serving vulnerable populations have not been described. We aim to understand how the addition of interprofessional trainees to an ambulatory clinic caring for Veterans experiencing homelessness impacts medical and mental health services utilization. METHODS Trainees from five professions were incorporated into an interprofessional ambulatory clinic for Veterans experiencing homelessness starting in July 2016. We performed clinic-level interrupted time series (ITS) analyses of pre- and post-intervention utilization measures among patients enrolled in this training continuity clinic, compared to three similar VA homeless clinics without training programs from October 2015 to September 2018. RESULTS Our sample consisted of 37,671 patient- months. There was no significant difference between the intervention and comparison groups’ post-intervention slopes for numbers of primary care visits (difference in slopes =−0.16 visits/100 patients/month; 95% CI −0.40, 0.08; p=0.19), emergency department visits (difference in slopes = 0.08 visits/100 patients/month; 95% CI −0.16, 0.32; p=0.50), mental health visits (difference in slopes = −1.37 visits/month; 95% CI −2.95, 0.20; p= 0.09), and psychiatric hospitalizations (−0.005 admissions/100 patients/month; 95% CI −0.02, 0.01; p= 0.62). We found a clinically insignificant change in medical hospitalizations. CONCLUSIONS Adding continuity trainees from five health professions to an interprofessional ambulatory clinic caring for Veterans experiencing homelessness did not adversely impact inpatient and outpatient care utilization. An organized team-based care approach is beneficial for vulnerable patients and provides a meaningful educational experience for interprofessional trainees by building health professionals’ capabilities to care for vulnerable populations.

2021 ◽  
pp. 101053952110446
Mai P. Nguyen

This study—using multinomial logistic regressions—analyzed a national sample of 2977 older adults to examine factors associated with their health services utilization in 4 types of health providers—namely, commune health stations (CHSs), private clinics, private hospitals, and public hospitals in Vietnam. Older Vietnamese favored using public hospitals for their health consultancies, even for regular health checkups. For nonsevere illness, the relative risk ratio of choosing private clinics was 3 times (95% CI: 2.2-4.1) that of CHSs. Possession of public health insurance was a key enabling factor that influenced the older adults’ choice of CHSs over private clinics. Older adults of ethnic minority and living in rural areas were more likely to use CHSs than other health facilities. This study suggests a substantial quality improvement of services at CHSs, an innovative reform toward a diversified structure of private and public clinics to address diverse needs and to strengthen primary care for older adults.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Huiyi Ke ◽  
Xi Cao ◽  
Yanyan Song ◽  
Li Cao

Abstract Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a hereditary disease which could have a large impact on patients’ quality of life. As the neurodegenerative disorders progress, HD patients are expected to regularly take follow-up medical visits for proper treatment. This study aimed to analyze the general situation of health services utilization of Chinese HD patients and factors associated with their adherence to follow-up medical visits. Methods We collected data from a questionnaire-based investigation conducted by the Chinese Huntington’s Disease Association. Data from 232 respondents were included to investigate whether they adhered to regular follow-up medical visits and the influencing factors. Based on Andersen’s behavioral model, the independent variables were categorized into predisposing, enabling and need factors. The variables were analyzed by chi-square test and stepwise logistic regression analysis. Results Thirty-one point nine percent of the respondents had regular follow-up medical visits over the past year. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences with 6 factors (P < 0.05), among which, according to logistic regression, 2 enabling factors (reimbursement of health insurance, need for accompanying family members to follow-up visits) and 3 need factors (perceived stage of disease, perceived effectiveness of drugs, self-care ability) were independent influencing factors of follow-up medical behaviors of Chinese HD patients. The predisposing factors investigated here did not play a part in determining patients’ adherence to follow-up visits. Conclusions Poor adherence to medical visits among Chinese HD patients is derived from multiple factors, including reimbursement of health insurance, perceived stage of disease and effectiveness of drugs, need for accompanying family members and self-care ability. To promote HD patients’ health services utilization, the improvement of the health insurance system, the enhancement of social support and the development of therapeutic approaches still have a long way to go.

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