spectroscopic properties
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Chiara Schiattarella ◽  
Carlo Diaferia ◽  
Enrico Gallo ◽  
Bartolomeo Della Ventura ◽  
Giancarlo Morelli ◽  

AbstractThe self-assembling of small peptides not only leads to the formation of intriguing nanoarchitectures, but also generates materials with unexpected functional properties. Oligopeptides can form amyloid-like cross-β assemblies that are able to emit intrinsic photoluminescence (PL), over the whole near-UV/visible range, whose origin is still largely debated. As proton transfer between the peptide chain termini within the assembly is one of the invoked interpretations of this phenomenon, we here evaluated the solid state PL properties of a series of self-assembled hexaphenylalanine peptides characterized by a different terminal charge state. Overall, our data indicate that the charge state of these peptides has a marginal role in the PL emission as all systems exhibit very similar multicolour PL associated with a violation of the Kasha’s rule. On the other hand, charged/uncharged ends occasionally produce differences in the quantum yields. The generality of these observations has been proven by extending these analyses to the Aβ16–21 peptide. Collectively, the present findings provide useful information for deciphering the code that links the spectroscopic properties of these assemblies to their structural/electronic features.

Photochem ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 58-68
Anthony T. Rice ◽  
Glenn P. A. Yap ◽  
Joel Rosenthal

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment option that ablates cancerous cells and tumors via photoinduced sensitization of singlet oxygen. Over the last few decades, much work has been devoted to the development of new photochemotherapeutic agents for PDT. A wide variety of macrocyclic tetrapyrrole based photosensitizers have been designed, synthesized and characterized as PDT agents. Many of these complexes have a variety of issues that pose a barrier to their use in humans, including biocompatibility, inherent toxicity, and synthetic hurdles. We have developed a non-traditional, non-cyclic, and non-aromatic tetrapyrrole ligand scaffold, called the biladiene (DMBil1), as an alternative to these traditional photosensitizer complexes. Upon insertion of a heavy atom such as Pd2+ center, Pd[DMBil1] generates singlet oxygen in substantial yields (ΦΔ = 0.54, λexc = 500 nm) when irradiated with visible light. To extend the absorption profile for Pd[DMBil1] deeper into the phototherapeutic window, the tetrapyrrole was conjugated with alkynyl phenyl groups at the 2- and 18-positions (Pd[DMBil2-PE]) resulting in a significant redshift while also increasing singlet oxygen generation (ΦΔ = 0.59, 600 nm). To further modify the dialkynyl-biladiene scaffold, we conjugated a 1,8-diethynylanthracene with to the Pd[DMBil1] tetrapyrrole in order to further extend the compound’s π-conjugation in a cyclic loop that spans the entire tetrapyrrole unit. This new compound (Pd[DMBil2-P61]) is structurally reminiscent of the P61 Black Widow aircraft and absorbs light into the phototherapeutic window (600–900 nm). In addition to detailing the solid-state structure and steady-state spectroscopic properties for this new biladiene, photochemical sensitization studies demonstrated that Pd[DMBil2-P61] can sensitize the formation of 1O2 with quantum yields of ΦΔ = 0.84 upon irradiation with light λ = 600 nm. These results distinguish the Pd[DMBil2-P61] platform as the most efficient biladiene-based singlet oxygen photosensitizer developed to date. When taken together, the improved absorption in the phototherapeutic window and high singlet oxygen sensitization efficiency of Pd[DMBil2-P61] mark this compound as a promising candidate for future study as an agent of photodynamic cancer therapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Brian N. Long ◽  
María J. Beltrán-Leiva ◽  
Cristian Celis-Barros ◽  
Joseph M. Sperling ◽  
Todd N. Poe ◽  

AbstractVariations in bonding between trivalent lanthanides and actinides is critical for reprocessing spent nuclear fuel. The ability to tune bonding and the coordination environment in these trivalent systems is a key factor in identifying a solution for separating lanthanides and actinides. Coordination of 4,4′−bipyridine (4,4′−bpy) and trimethylsilylcyclopentadienide (Cp′) to americium introduces unexpectedly ionic Am−N bonding character and unique spectroscopic properties. Here we report the structural characterization of (Cp′3Am)2(μ − 4,4′−bpy) and its lanthanide analogue, (Cp′3Nd)2(μ − 4,4′−bpy), by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Spectroscopic techniques in both solid and solution phase are performed in conjunction with theoretical calculations to probe the effects the unique coordination environment has on the electronic structure.

2022 ◽  
Rachael Coleman ◽  
Melissa Bollmeyer ◽  
Sean Majer ◽  
Silas Ferrao ◽  
Kyle Lancaster

Cytochrome P460s are heme enzymes that oxidize hydroxylamine to nitrous oxide as part of the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. They bear unique “heme P460” cofactors that are cross-linked to their host polypeptides by a post-translationally modified lysine residue. Wild-type N. europaea cytochrome P460 may be isolated as a cross-link deficient proenzyme following anaerobic overexpression in E. coli. When treated with peroxide, This proenzyme undergoes complete maturation to active enzyme with spectroscopic properties that match wild-type cyt P460. Together, these data indicate that the cofactor is primed to undergo this covalent modification by virtue of the protein fold. A putative mechanism analogous to that used by heme oxygenases to degrade hemes is proposed.

Photochem ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 9-31
Eli Misael Espinoza ◽  
John Anthony Clark ◽  
Mimi Karen Billones ◽  
Gustavo Thalmer de Medeiros Silva ◽  
Cassio Pacheco da Silva ◽  

Natural dyes and pigments offer incomparable diversity of structures and functionalities, making them an excellent source of inspiration for the design and development of synthetic chromophores with a myriad of emerging properties. Formed during maturation of red wines, pyranoanthocyanins are electron-deficient cationic pyranoflavylium dyes with broad absorption in the visible spectral region and pronounced chemical and photostability. Herein, we survey the optical and electrochemical properties of synthetic pyranoflavylium dyes functionalized with different electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups, which vary their reduction potentials over a range of about 400 mV. Despite their highly electron-deficient cores, the exploration of pyranoflavyliums as photosensitizers has been limited to the “classical” n-type dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) where they act as electron donors. In light of their electrochemical and spectroscopic properties, however, these biomimetic synthetic dyes should prove to be immensely beneficial as chromophores in p-type DSSCs, where their ability to act as photooxidants, along with their pronounced photostability, can benefit key advances in solar-energy science and engineering.

2022 ◽  
Vol 258 ◽  
pp. 03004
Chandni Menapara ◽  
Ajay Kumar Rai

Hadron Spectroscopy provides a realm to study the internal quark dynamics within the hadrons through phenomenological, theoretical as well as experimental approaches. In the present article, an attempt has been made to exploit the nucleon N resonances using a non-relativistic hypercentral Constituent Quark Model (hCQM). The properties are studied based on the linear nature of confining part of the potential. The 1S-5S, 1P-3P, 1D-2D and 1F states mostly with four star labelled resonances are explored again with the separation of charge states using different constituent quark masses. Also, Regge trajectories for some obtained states are plotted for examining the linear nature.

2022 ◽  
Vol 576 ◽  
pp. 121234
Mioara Zagrai ◽  
Sergiu Macavei ◽  
Simona Rada ◽  
Maria Elena Pică ◽  
Stela Maria Pruneanu

2022 ◽  
Vol 130 (1) ◽  
pp. 130
Deren P.J ◽  
Watras A. ◽  
Stefanska D.

ZnAl2O4 nanocrystallites doped with Cr3+ ions with mean sizes ranging from 2 to 16 nm were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Chromium ions occupy the aluminum positions, which symmetry depends on the crystallite size. The smallest nanocrystals have a much larger unit cell than the bigger ones. The metal to ligand distance increases when the size of the nanocrystals decreases. This causes the nephelauxetic effect, which is for the first time (to our knowledge) observed as a size effect. It was also observed that ZnAl2O4: Cr3+ nanocrystals with size larger than 10 nm possesses the same spectroscopic properties as monocrystal.

2022 ◽  
Vol 241 ◽  
pp. 118532
Biao Zheng ◽  
Jinquan Hong ◽  
Lin Lin ◽  
Chunlei Huang ◽  
Huamin Chen ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document