quantitative validation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
K. Prashanthi ◽  
K. Krishna Mohan ◽  
Željka Antić ◽  
Kaveh Ahadi ◽  
Miroslav D. Dramicanin

AbstractHere, we report a very sensitive, non-contact, ratio-metric, and robust luminescence-based temperature sensing using a combination of conventional photoluminescence (PL) and negative thermal quenching (NTQ) mechanisms of semiconductor BiFeO3 (BFO) nanowires. Using this approach, we have demonstrated the absolute thermal sensitivity of ~ 10 mK−1 over the 300–438 K temperature range and the relative sensitivity of 0.75% K−1 at 300 K. Further, we have validated thermal sensitivity of BFO nanowires quantitatively using linear regression and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and found close match with the experimental results. These results indicated that BFO nanowires are excellent candidates for developing high‐performance luminescence-based temperature sensors. Graphical abstract


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Farah M. Shurrab ◽  
Nadin Younes ◽  
Duaa W. Al-Sadeq ◽  
Hamda Qotba ◽  
Laith J. Abu-Raddad ◽  
...  

1.AbstractBackgroundThe vast majority of the commercially available LFIA is used to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibodies qualitatively. Recently, a novel fluorescence-based LIFA test was developed for quantitative measurement of the total binding antibody units (BAU/mL) against the receptor-binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S-RBD).AimTo evaluate the performance of the fluorescence LIFA Finecare™ 2019-nCoV S-RBD test along with its reader (Model No.: FS-113).MethodsPlasma from 150 RT-PCR confirmed-positive individuals and 100 pre-pandemic samples were tested by FinCare™ to access sensitivity and specificity. For qualitative and quantitative validation of the FinCar™ measurements, the BAU/mL results of FinCare™ were compared with results of two reference assays: the surrogate virus-neutralizing test (sVNT, GenScript, USA), and the VIDAS®3 automated assay (BioMérieux, France).ResultsFinecare™ showed 92% sensitivity and 100% specificity compared to PCR. Cohen’s Kappa statistic denoted moderate and excellent agreement with sVNT and VIDAS®3, ranging from 0.557 (95% CI: 0.32-0.78) to 0.731 (95% CI: 0.51-0.95), respectively. A strong correlation was observed between Finecare™/sVNT (r=0.7, p<0.0001) and Finecare™/VIDAS®3 (r=0.8, p<0.0001).ConclusionFinecare™ is a reliable assay and can be used as a surrogate to assess binding and neutralizing antibody response post-infection or vaccination, particularly in none or small laboratory settings.


RNA ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. rna.078929.121
Author(s):  
Abdul Khalique ◽  
Sandy Mattijssen ◽  
Richard J. Maraia

The ~22 mitochondrial and ~45 cytosolic tRNAs contain several dozen different posttranscriptional modified nucleotides such that each carries a unique constellation that complements its function. Many tRNA modifications are linked to altered gene expression and their deficiencies due to mutations in tRNA modification enzymes (TMEs) are responsible for numerous diseases. Easily accessible methods to detect tRNA hypomodifications can facilitate progress in advancing such molecular studies. Our lab developed a northern blot method that can quantify relative levels of base modifications on multiple specific tRNAs ~10 years ago which has been used to characterize four different TME deficiencies and is likely further extendable. The assay method depends on differential annealing efficiency of an DNA-oligo probe to the modified versus unmodified tRNA. The signal of this probe is then normalized by a second probe elsewhere on the same tRNA. This positive hybridization in the absence of modification (PHAM) assay has proven useful for i6A37, t6A37, m3C32 and m2,2G26 in multiple laboratories. Yet, over the years we have observed idiosyncratic inconsistency and variability in the assay. Here we document these for some tRNAs and probes and illustrate principles and practices for improved reliability and uniformity in performance. We provide an overview of the method and illustrate benefits of the improved conditions. This is followed by data that demonstrate quantitative validation of PHAM using a TME deletion control, and that nearby modifications can falsely alter the calculated apparent modification efficiency. Finally, we include a calculator tool for matching probe and hybridization conditions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (22) ◽  
pp. 10866
Author(s):  
Lea Vojković ◽  
Ana Kuzmanić Skelin ◽  
Djani Mohovic ◽  
Damir Zec

An integrative approach to maritime accident risk factor assessment in accordance with formal safety assessment is proposed, which exploits the multifaceted capabilities of Bayesian networks (BNs) by consolidation of modelling, verification, and validation. The methodology for probabilistic modelling with BNs is well known and its application to risk assessment is based on the model verified though sensitivity analysis only, while validation of the model is often omitted due to a lack of established evaluation measures applicable to scarce real-world data. For this reason, in this work, the modified Lyapunov divergence measure is proposed as a novel quantitative assessor that can be efficiently exploited on an individual accident scenario for contributing causal factor identification, and thus can serve as the measure for validation of the developed expert elicited BN. The proposed framework and its approach are showcased for maritime grounding of small passenger ships in the Adriatic, with the complete grounding model disclosed, quantitative validation performed, and its utilization for causal factor identification and risk factor ranking presented. The data from two real-world grounding cases demonstrate the explanatory capabilities of the developed approach.


Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (21) ◽  
pp. 7085
Author(s):  
Guntram Pressmair ◽  
Christof Amann ◽  
Klemens Leutgöb

The European energy transition increasingly requires flexibility to ensure reliable operation of the electricity system, making use of demand response, a promising concept. With technological advances in the fields of big data analysis and the internet of things, small- and medium-sized prosumers could also provide flexibility services through aggregators. A lot of conceptual work has been conducted recently to formulate business models in this context, but their viability still remains unclear. In this paper, a quantitative validation is conducted of two business models that are frequently proposed in the scientific discussion. The aim of this work is to explore the economic limits of these business models and show under which conditions they can be profitable for small- and medium-sized prosumers. For this purpose, a multi-level contribution margin calculation for several scenarios, customer segments and target markets is conducted. The results show that the profitability for the participation of small loads is still very low under current market conditions. Especially for household consumers, transaction costs are too high to be covered by the revenues. Considering the quantitative results, in the future profitable business cases can only be expected for medium-sized tertiary consumers.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (10) ◽  
pp. 23-26
Author(s):  
M Mohankumar ◽  
G Sivakamasundari

Validation is a notable step in fulfilling and keep the character of the last decision. In the event that every progress of the creative process is recognized, we can guarantee that the end result will be of the best quality. Validation is specialized for planning and rehearsing a closely planned step with documents. Verification and quality assurance are inseparable, which guarantees careful quality of products. The process validation underscores the components of the measurement scheme and adheres to the measurement control during commercialization and realizes that it is nothing more than a continuous program and adjust the measurement validation exercises with the item life cycle. The motivation behind this survey is to introduce a presentation and general disclosure on quantitative validation of pharmaceutical production with a unique note to the requirements specified by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Prashanthi Kovur ◽  
Krishna M Kovur ◽  
Zeljka Antic ◽  
Kaveh Ahadi ◽  
Miroslav D. Dramicanin

Here, we report a very sensitive, non-contact, ratio-metric, and robust temperature sensing using a combination of conventional and negative thermal quenching (NTQ) mechanisms of semiconductor BiFeO3 (BFO) nanowires. Using this approach, we have demonstrated the absolute thermal sensitivity of ~10x10^-3 K^-1 over the 300 K - 438 K temperature range and the relative sensitivity of 0.75% K^-1 at 300 K. Further, we have validated thermal sensitivity of BFO nanowires quantitatively using linear regression and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and found close match with the experimental results. These results indicated that BFO nanowires are excellent candidates for developing high‐performance luminescence based temperature sensors.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Prashanthi Kovur ◽  
Krishna M Kovur ◽  
Zeljka Antic ◽  
Kaveh Ahadi ◽  
Miroslav D. Dramicanin

Here, we report a very sensitive, non-contact, ratio-metric, and robust temperature sensing using a combination of conventional and negative thermal quenching (NTQ) mechanisms of semiconductor BiFeO3 (BFO) nanowires. Using this approach, we have demonstrated the absolute thermal sensitivity of ~10x10^-3 K^-1 over the 300 K - 438 K temperature range and the relative sensitivity of 0.75% K^-1 at 300 K. Further, we have validated thermal sensitivity of BFO nanowires quantitatively using linear regression and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and found close match with the experimental results. These results indicated that BFO nanowires are excellent candidates for developing high‐performance luminescence based temperature sensors.


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