effect of particle size
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Author(s):  
Fan Xu ◽  
Weilei Wang ◽  
Aoxue Xu ◽  
Daohuan Feng ◽  
Weili Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract This study investigated the effects of particle size and pH of SiO2-based slurry on chemical mechanical polishing for SiO2 film. It was found that the removal rates and surface roughness of the material was highly dependent on the particle size and pH. As the particle size varied, the main polishing mechanism provided the activation energy to mechanical erasure. In addition, pH affected the particle size and Zeta potential, which had an important effect on the strength of the mechanical and chemical action of the chemical mechanical polishing. The change in mechanical action greatly influenced the removal rate. According to the experimental results, the best polishing of SiO2 film was achieved with 40 nm particle size SiO2 abrasives when the pH was 4.


Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 307 ◽  
pp. 121888
Author(s):  
Qingyi Tu ◽  
Yuanping Cheng ◽  
Sheng Xue ◽  
Ting Ren

2021 ◽  
pp. 123-141
Author(s):  
O. O. Oniya ◽  
C. O. Olatunji ◽  
M. I. Olatunji ◽  
K. O. Aremu ◽  
O. A. Adeiza

In this work, we investigate effect of particle size and transparent solar dryer cover on the proximate analysis of dried onion. A solar drying unit was developed and constructed for drying the of red onion slices in order to determine the proximate composition of fresh and dried red onion using multi-crop direct solar dryer. Also, the evaluation and effect of particles size and multi-crop transparent solar dryer cover on the proximate analysis of red onion during drying. Consequently, the higher efficiency of the solar collector was obtained at the higher airflow rate. The moisture content of dried onion slices was strongly affected by the thickness of the onion slices and the density of the polyethylene. The final moisture content of dried onion slices ranged from 10.85% to 13.01%, 4.95% to 6.01% ash, 4.69% to 5.26% fibre, 11.17% to 13.09% fat, 6.70% to 5.60% protein and 68.64% to 68.03% carbohydrate for particle sizes of 3 mm, 5 mm and 7 mm dry-basis depending on drying temperature cycle for low density polyethylene cover. While the final moisture content of dried onion slices ranged from 9.85% to 12.01%, 5.96% to 6.01% ash, 3.69% to 4.26% fibre, 13.17% to 12.09% fat, 5.70% to 6.60% protein and 61.64% to 58.03% carbohydrate for particle sizes of 3 mm, 5mm and 7mm dry-basis depending on drying temperature cycle for high density polyethylene cover.


Author(s):  
Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto ◽  
◽  
Alma Tyara Simbara ◽  
Gabriela Chelvina Santiuly Girsang ◽  
◽  
...  

This study aims to determine the effect of particle size and material composition on the performance of resin-based brake pads. Experiments were carried out by mixing 75% UPR with durian peel and banana midribs fibers using ratios of 1/1, 3/2, and 2/3 at particle sizes of 104 and 250 μm. The experimental results shows that decreasing the particle size improves the mechanical properties of brake pads, but gives a high wear value and a low coefficient of friction. In addition, an increase in the percentage of banana midrib fibers as a whole provides better brake pad performance. The results of the comparison between commercial-based brake pads confirm that agricultural waste is potential as an alternative to friction materials in brake pads. Brake pad with a fiber ratio of 2/3 104 μm had highest values of hardness, wear and friction coefficient, namely 20.33 N/cm3, 2.02 x 10-4 g/s.mm2, and 0.2465. while the 1/1 250 μm and 3/2 250 μm had the lowest coefficient values and compressive strength of 0.1195 and 9.14 N/cm3. This study demonstrates the use of biomass waste as an alternative to friction material to overcome the dangerous problem of using asbestos in brake pads.


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