gestational weight
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PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262437
Amel Fayed ◽  
Hayfaa A. Wahabi ◽  
Samia Esmaeil ◽  
Roaa Elkouny ◽  
Hala Elmorshedy ◽  

Background Gestational weight gain (GWG) and prepregnancy obesity are garnering more attention as determining factors of pregnancy outcomes when it comes to the wellbeing of both the mother and her baby. This study was conducted to describe the pattern of GWG among participants of Riyadh Mother and Baby Multicenter Cohort Study (RAHMA) and to investigate the detrimental effects of excessive GWG and prepregnancy obesity on pregnancy outcomes. Methods RAHMA is a multicentre cohort study conducted in three hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Participants were categorized according to the Institute of Medicine into inadequate, adequate, and excessive GWG, and stratified by body mass index (BMI) into under/normal weight, overweight, and obese. To examine the independent effect of maternal prepregnancy obesity and GWG, a multivariate regression model was used and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) for each outcome were calculated. Results A total of 7029 participants were included in this study; 31.8% had adequate GWG, 25.9% had excessive GWG and 42.3% had inadequate GWG, while 29.7% had normal BMI, 33.3% were overweight, 34.8% were obese, and 2.2% were underweight. Excessive GWG was independently associated with increased risk of hypertensive events, (AOR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.20–2.63). Obesity was associated with higher risk of gestational diabetes (AOR 2.11, 95% CI 1.76–2.53), hypertensive events (AOR 2.06, 95% CI 1.48–3.01), and delivery by emergency caesarean section (AOR = 1.63, 95% CI 1.35–1.97). Infants of obese women had increased odds of macrosomia (AOR 3.11, 95% CI 1.94–4.99) and lower odds of low birth weight (AOR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.53–0.88). Conclusion In comparison to excessive GWG, which increases the risk of hypertensive events during pregnancy, prepregnancy obesity is associated with more adverse outcomes including GDM, hypertensive events in pregnancy and emergency CS.

2022 ◽  
Susan de Jersey ◽  
Nina Meloncelli ◽  
Taylor Guthrie ◽  
Hilary Powlesland ◽  
Leonie Callaway ◽  

Abstract BackgroundExcess gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with short-term perinatal complications and longer term cardiometabolic risks for mothers and their babies. Dietitian counselling and weight gain monitoring for women at risk of high pregnancy weight gain is recommended by clinical practice guidelines. However, face-to-face appointments, during a time with high appointment burden, can introduce barriers to engaging with care. Telephone counselling may offer a solution. The Living Well during Pregnancy (LWdP) program is a dietitian-delivered telephone coaching program implemented within routine antenatal care for women at risk of excess GWG. This program evaluation used a hybrid implementation-effectiveness design guided by the RE-AIM framework reports on the primary outcomes (reach, adoption, implementation, maintenance) and secondary outcomes (effectiveness) of the LWdP intervention. MethodsThe LWdP program evaluation compared data from women participating in the LWdP program with a historical comparison group (pregnant women receiving dietetic counselling for GWG in the 12 months prior to the study). The primary outcomes were described for the LWdP program. Between group comparisons were used to determine effectiveness of achieving appropriate GWG and pre and post intervention comparisons of LWdP participants was used to determine changes to dietary intake and physical activity. ResultsThe LWdP intervention group (n=142) were compared with women in the historical comparison group (n=49). Women in the LWdP intervention group attended 3.4 (95% CI 2.9 – 3.8) appointments compared with 1.9 (95% CI, 1.6 – 2.2). GWG was similar between the two groups, including the proportion of women gaining weight above the Institute of Medicine recommendations (70% vs 73%, p=0.69). Within group comparison showed that total diet quality, intake of fruit and vegetables and weekly physical activity were all significantly improved from baseline to follow-up for the women in the LWdP, while consumption of discretionary food and time spent being sedentary decreased (all p<0.05). ConclusionThe LWdP program resulted in more women accessing care and positive improvements in diet quality, intuitive eating behaviours and physical activity. It was as effective as face-to-face appointments for GWG, though more research is required to identify how to engage women earlier in pregnancy and reduce appointment burden.

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S752
Eileen Xu ◽  
Sydney M. Thayer ◽  
Nandini Raghuraman ◽  
Sarah K. England ◽  
Molly J. Stout ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S707-S708
Emilia G. Wilkins ◽  
Amy Alabaster ◽  
Mara Greenberg ◽  
Jeffrey Sperling ◽  
Erica Gunderson

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 27
Callixte Yadufashije ◽  
IshimweGatete Grace ◽  
Lydia Mwanzia ◽  
Liliane Muhimpundu ◽  
Emmanuel Munyeshyaka ◽  

Biomedicines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 67
Andrea Maugeri ◽  
Roberta Magnano San Lio ◽  
Maria Clara La Rosa ◽  
Giuliana Giunta ◽  
Marco Panella ◽  

Inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) affects a growing number of pregnancies, influencing intrauterine environment and long-term health. Uncovering molecular mechanisms associated with GWG could be helpful to develop public health strategies for tackling this issue. Here, our study aimed to understand the relationship of DNA telomere length with weigh gain during pregnancy, using data and samples from the ongoing prospective “Mamma & Bambino” study (Catania, Italy). GWG was calculated according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines. Relative telomere length was assessed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 252 samples of maternal leucocyte DNA (mlDNA) and 150 samples of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from amniotic fluid. We observed that relative telomere length of mlDNA seemed to weakly increase with GWG. In contrast, telomere length of cfDNA exhibited a U-shaped relationship with GWG. Women with adequate GWG showed longer telomere length than those who gained weight inadequately. Accordingly, the logistic regression model confirmed the association between telomere length of cfDNA and adequate GWG, after adjusting for potential confounders. Our findings suggest an early effect of GWG on telomere length of cfDNA, which could represent a molecular mechanism underpinning the effects of maternal behaviours on foetal well-being.

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