intervertebral disk
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Author(s):  
Emily Freeman ◽  
Jennifer F. Johnson ◽  
John C. Godbold, Jr ◽  
Ronald J. Riegel

Historically, the evaluation and assessment of the clinical response to treatment for canine back pain is subjective and relies on owner and clinician assessment of pain. This study evaluated the use of sequential infrared thermal images as a measure of the response of canine patients with back pain to a prescribed series of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) treatments. Qualifying participants had histories of pain and dysfunction associated with spinal osteoarthritis or intervertebral disk disease, or of non-specific uni- or bilateral back pain along the paravertebral epaxial muscles. Each patient was initially thermally imaged prior to PBMT treatment and then received multiple PBMT treatments delivered to the appropriate spinal area on days 1, 2, 3, and 4. Participants were reimaged on day 7. Thermal images provided an objective measure of superficial temperature changes over the area of PBMT treatment of each patient after the PBMT regimen. The temperature correlated with statistically significant changes in Colorado State University Canine Chronic Pain Scale scoring (CPS) and owner assessment using the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), which includes a Pain Severity Score (PSS) and Pain Interference Score (PIS). The correlation of objective thermal imaging data with more subjective outcome measures suggests thermal imaging may be a valuable additional tool in monitoring therapy outcome.


Author(s):  
Wei Yang ◽  
Xu-Dong Huang ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
You-Bin Zhou ◽  
Yong-Cheng Zou ◽  
...  

Abstract Nucleus pulposus (NP) cell pyroptosis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of intervertebral disk degeneration (IDD). MIR155 host gene (MIR155HG) is a long non-coding RNA with pro-inflammatory activity. However, very little is known about its role in NP cell pyroptosis. This study aimed to observe the impact of MIR155HG on cell pyroptosis and to explore the underlying mechanism in human degenerative NP cells. Our results demonstrated that MIR155HG expression was significantly increased in human degenerative NP tissue samples and showed a positive correlation with Pfirrmann score. Overexpression of MIR155HG through a lentiviral vector decreased miR-223-3p levels, up-regulated NLRP3 expression and induced cell pyroptosis in human degenerative NP cells. A ceRNA action mode was identified among MIR155HG, miR-223-3p and NLRP3. The stimulatory effect of MIR155HG on human degenerative NP cell pyroptosis was significantly reversed by pretreatment with miR-223-3p mimic or NLRP3 siRNA. In summary, these data suggest that MIR155HG sponges miR-223-3p to promote NLRP3 expression, leading to induction of cell pyroptosis in human degenerative NP cells. Targeting MIR155HG could be a novel and promising strategy to slow down the progression of IDD.


Author(s):  
Sebastian C. Knell ◽  
Brian Park ◽  
Benjamin Voumard ◽  
Antonio Pozzi

Abstract OBJECTIVE To evaluate intradiskal pressure (IDP) in the C6-7 intervertebral disk (IVD) after destabilization and distraction-fusion of the C5-C6 vertebrae. SAMPLE 7 cadaveric C4-T1 vertebral specimens with no evidence of IVD disease from large-breed dogs. PROCEDURES Specimens were mounted in a custom-made 6 degrees of freedom spinal loading simulator so the C5-C6 and C6-C7 segments remained mobile. One specimen remained untreated and was used to assess the repeatability of the IDP measurement protocol. Six specimens underwent 3 sequential configurations (untreated, partial diskectomy of the C5-6 IVD, and distraction-fusion of the C5-C6 vertebrae). Each construct was biomechanically tested under neutral, flexion, extension, and right-lateral bending loads. The IDP was measured with a pressure transducer inserted into the C6-7 IVD and compared between the nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus and across all 3 constructs and 4 loads. RESULTS Compared with untreated constructs, partial diskectomy and distraction-fusion of C5-C6 decreased the mean ± SD IDP in the C6-7 IVD by 1.3 ± 1.3% and 0.8 ± 1.3%, respectively. During motion, the IDP remained fairly constant in the annulus fibrosus and increased by 3.8 ± 3.0% in the nucleus pulposus. The increase in IDP within the nucleus pulposus was numerically greatest during flexion but did not differ significantly among loading conditions. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Distraction-fusion of C5-C6 did not significantly alter the IDP of healthy C6-7 IVDs. Effects of vertebral distraction-fusion on the IDP of adjacent IVDs with degenerative changes, such as those in dogs with caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy, warrant investigation.


Author(s):  
Emily Freeman ◽  
Jennifer F. Johnson ◽  
John C. Godbold, Jr ◽  
Ronald J. Riegel

Historically, the evaluation and assessment of the clinical response to treatment for canine back pain is subjective and relies on owner and clinician assessment of pain. Sequential infrared thermal images (IRTIs) objectively measure the patient’s physiological response after a prescribed series of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) treatments. Qualifying participants had histories of pain and dysfunction associated with spinal osteoarthritis or intervertebral disk disease, or of non-specific uni- or bilateral back pain along the paravertebral epaxial muscles. Each patient was initially IRT imaged prior to PBMT treatment and then received multiple PBMT treatments delivered to the appropriate spinal area on days 1, 2, 3, and 4. Participants were reimaged on day 7. IRT images provided an objective assessment of the physiologic status of each patient after the PBMT regimen. The thermal changes in IRT images correlated with statistically significant changes in Colorado State University Canine Chronic Pain Scale scoring (CSU-CCPS) and owner assessment using the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), which includes a Pain Severity Score (CBPI-PS) and Pain Interference Score (CBPI-PI). This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that IRTI provides an objective evaluation of response to PBMT treatment and correlates with observed and measured clinical response.


2021 ◽  
pp. 100810
Author(s):  
Alaa Badarneh ◽  
Isam Abu-Qasmeih ◽  
Mwaffaq Otoom ◽  
Mohammad A. Alzubaidi

Neurosurgery ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 90 (1) ◽  
pp. 51-58 ◽  
Author(s):  
Matthew V. Abola ◽  
Charles C. Lin ◽  
Christopher A. Colasanti ◽  
William Schreiber-Stainthorp ◽  
Peter G. Passias

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Julia Hart ◽  
Stefan Rupp ◽  
Katinka Hartmann ◽  
Carolin Fischer ◽  
Pia Düver ◽  
...  

Objective: To objectively assess the cervical paraspinal musculature of French bulldogs (FBs) using computed tomography (CT) scan-based measurements, outline differences in other breeds published in the literature, and investigate the potential influence of its cervical paraspinal musculature on predisposed sites for intervertebral disk disease.Animals: Thirty FBs that underwent CT scans of the cervical spine from the skull to C7/T1 were enrolled. Fifteen dogs were patients suffering from intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH group), and 15 dogs underwent CT scans due to brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS group).Methods: At the level of each cervical intervertebral disk from C2/C3 to C7/T1, measurements were performed and statistically analyzed. On the sagittal CT scan reconstruction, the height ratio of the dorsal to ventral paraspinal musculature and the angle of the disk axis to vertebral body length were assessed. On the transverse plane, the area ratio of the dorsal and ventral paraspinal musculature and the ratio of force moments were determined at each intervertebral disk level. Finally, ratios were compared to the values of Labrador retrievers and dachshunds published by Hartmann et al. (1).Results: Comparing the two FB groups, one significant difference was detected in the mean height ratio of the dorsal to ventral paraspinal musculature at the level of C5/C6 (P = 0.0092) and C6/C7 (P = 0.0076), with IVDH FBs having the more prominent dorsal paraspinal musculature. At the level of C3/C4, a significantly less prominent dorsal paraspinal musculature in FBs than in dachshunds (P = 0.0058) and a significantly steeper disk to vertebral body angulation were observed (P = 0.0005).Conclusion: Although some incidental differences were found, most parameters did not significantly differ between the BOAS and IVDH FBs. Significant conformational differences in the cervical paraspinal musculature and disk to vertebral body length angulation were found between FBs and two other breeds (chondrodystrophic and non-chondrodystrophic). This study's findings suggest that the paraspinal musculature is an additional biomechanical influencing factor on the preferential sites of IVDH in the cervical spine and that other major factors exist in IVDH development, especially in FBs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (5) ◽  
pp. 767-776
Author(s):  
Ji-eun Bae ◽  
Gyu-cheol Choi ◽  
Jae-won Park ◽  
Dong-jin Kim ◽  
Jeong-su Hong ◽  
...  

Objective: This study examined a case in which insomnia and pain due to herniated intervertebral disks were improved by treatment with an oriental herbal and the administration of Uhwangchungsim-won.Case Summary: Three patients with insomnia diagnosed with herniated intervertebral disks were treated with a series of Korean medical therapies, including the herbal medication Uhwangchungsim-won, acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, and physical therapy. We used the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) to measure subjective sleep states and the European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5d) Scale to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Following treatment, subjective sleep states and the overall scores for pain had improved.Conclusion: The results indicate that Korean medical therapies with Uhwangchungsim-won have beneficial effects on insomnia for patients with herniated intervertebral disks.


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