wood boring
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
A. G. Oliveira ◽  
M. H. M. Silva ◽  
J. Garlet

Abstract Bamboo (Bambusa sp.) is a grass species with high potential for exploitation, however, this raw material is easily attacked by xylophagous agents such as Coleoptera. The objective of this study is thus to analyse the presence of wood-boring beetles associated with Bambusa sp. in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, Brazil. The study was carried out in a bamboo plantation, from August 2016 to July 2017. Two models of ethanolic traps were used, PET Santa Maria and ESALQ-84. Three families of wood-boring beetles were observed in this study: Bostrichidae, Cerambycidae and Curculionidae. 2,144 individuals were identified, belonging to 19 species, in four subfamilies and 11 tribes, and the species Xyleborus affinis was the most frequently collected. Thus, this study constitutes an important contribution to the knowledge of coleoborers associated with bamboo plantations, with the registration of the occurrence of species, as well as contributing to the knowledge of the entomofauna associated with species cultivated in the Southern Amazon.

Insects ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 96
Zhenchen Wu ◽  
Jia Ye ◽  
Jiali Qian ◽  
Endang Rinawati Purba ◽  
Qinghe Zhang ◽  

The red-necked longicorn beetle, Aromia bungii (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is a major destructive, wood-boring pest, which is widespread throughout the world. The sex pheromone of A. bungii was reported earlier; however, the chemosensory mechanism of the beetle remains almost unknown. In this study, 45 AbunORs, 6 AbunGRs and 2 AbunIRs were identified among 42,197 unigenes derived from the antennal transcriptome bioinformatic analysis of A. bungii adults. The sequence of putative Orco (AbunOR25) found in this study is highly conserved with the known Orcos from other Coleoptera species, and these Orco genes might be potentially used as target genes for the future development of novel and effective control strategies. Tissue expression analysis showed that 29 AbunOR genes were highly expressed in antennae, especially in the antennae of females, which was consistent with the idea that females might express more pheromone receptors for sensing pheromones, especially the sex pheromones produced by males. AbunOR5, 29, 31 and 37 were clustered with the pheromone receptors of the cerambycid Megacyllene caryae, suggesting that they might be putative pheromone receptors of A. bungii. All six AbunGRs were highly expressed in the mouthparts, indicating that these GRs may be involved in the taste perception process. Both AbunIRs were shown to be female-mouthparts-biased, suggesting that they might also be related to the tasting processes. Our study provides some basic information towards a deeper understanding of the chemosensing mechanism of A. bungii at a molecular level.

2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (1) ◽  
Paravanparambil Rajakumar Jayachandran ◽  
Marcel Velásquez ◽  
Mantodi Jima

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 ◽  
C. A. Corrêa ◽  
L. J. Migliore ◽  
B. P. Brügger ◽  
A. J. V. Zanuncio ◽  
J. C. Zanuncio ◽  

Abstract Wood-boring beetles develop in live trees and dead wood, performing ecological services such as decomposition and regulation of forest resources. Species of the Cerambycidae family, widely distributed in the world, bore into the trunks of trees and dead wood in native and cultivated areas. The objective is to report the first host plant for Thoracibidion lineatocolle (Thomson, 1865) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and a new host plant for Temnopis megacephala (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome. Three logs, with one-meter-long by 20 cm in diameter, were cut from the trunk of a healthy Anadenanthera colubrina (Fabaceae) tree in October 2013 and tied in the understory at 1.5m high in the Rio Doce State Park, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The logs, exposed in the forest, were each removed after 40, 80 and 120 days and stored individually in a cardboard box in the “Laboratório de Campo do Projeto de Ecologia de Longa Duração (PELD-CNPq)” in the Rio Doce State Park. A total of 94 individuals of T. lineatocolle and 228 of T. megacephala emerged from the A. colubrina logs. This is the first report of a host plant for T. lineatocolle and a new host plant for T. megacephala.

Biology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (12) ◽  
pp. 1243
Petr Kočárek ◽  
Rodzay Abdul Wahab

Based on behavioral observations, we report termitophily by the earwig Spirolabia kaja Kočárek, sp. nov. (Spongiphoridae: Labiinae). The new species was found in association with the wood-boring termite Schedorhinotermes sarawakensis (Holmgren, 1913) in a dipterocarp rain forest in Borneo; in addition to being observed in the galleries, termite–earwig interactions were subsequently documented in the laboratory. We found that earwigs and termites communicate by antennation, and we observed no form of targeted mutual or unilateral aggressive behavior. The earwigs responded to the proximity of an experimentally irritated termite soldier by conflict-avoidance behavior based on thanatosis, which seems to be a defensive reaction that may reduce the chance of being attacked by an irritated termite. Based on the analysis of gastrointestinal tract contents, we conclude that S. kaja sp. nov. is an omnivorous species that feeds mainly on plant tissues and fungi but occasionally on arthropod remains. The occurrence of S. kaja sp. nov. adults together with the nymphs (2nd to 4th instars) in the galleries of S. sarawakensis strongly suggests that the earwig can reproduce inside the termite colony. Spirolabia kaja Kočárek, sp. nov. is the first earwig species for which termitophily has been demonstrated.

2021 ◽  
qi jiang ◽  
Yujie Liu ◽  
Lili Ren ◽  
Yu Sun ◽  
Youqing Luo

Abstract BACKGROUND: Semanotus bifasciatus Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is one of the most destructive wood-boring pests of Platycladus trees in East Asia, threatening the protection of ancient cypress species and urban ecological safety. Acoustic detection technology has the advantages of high sensitivity, single wood diagnosis and anti-interference, which can be useful for early identification of cryptic wood boring damage. However, there has been limited research on detection time window and acoustics features that suitable for early detection of forest wood borers. METHODS: In this study, we carried out a manipulated insect infestation experiment by inoculating S. bifasciatus into fresh logs, and the feeding sound signals of S. bifasciatus larvae were recorded in timeseries. Then, nine feature variables were selected to characterize the sounds of larval feeding activity. The best time window for acoustic detection during a single day and the whole larval growth stage was determined. And the optimal models for predicting larval instar and population were established using the stepwise regression (SR) and partial least squares regression (PLSR) approach.RESULTS: (1) The single pulse duration of S. bifasciatus was less than 15 ms, and the peak frequency was approximately 8 kHz; (2) Within a 24-hour day, the feeding sound signals were strongest during 13:00 and 20:00; (3) The feeding activity of larvae was greatest during the 1st to the 3rd instar, declined from the 4th instar, and was lowest at the 5th instar; (4) Weak correlations were found between larval instar and feature variables, r ranging from 0.3 to 0.6. By contrast, the larval population has a strong linear correlation with all variables (r>0.7). Except for Average pulse duration and Peak frequency, there indicated high or severe multicollinearity among other variables (the variance inflation factor, VIF >10); (5) The SR model was optimal for predicting larval instar; its prediction accuracy was R2 = 0.71, RMSEp = 0.42, and RPD = 3.38. Average entropy, Peak frequency, and Average pulse duration had the largest influence on the model. (6) The optimal model for predicting population was the PLSR model, and its prediction accuracy was R2 = 0.97, RMSEp = 61.96, and RPD = 28.87. Except for Peak Freq, the other eight variables had a great impact on the model. CONCLUSION: This study highlighted the suitable detection time window and acoustic feature variables for early identification of S. bifasciatus larvae, and optimal models for predicting its larval instar and population were provided. This work will promote further improvements in the efficiency and accuracy of acoustic detection technology for practical applications, providing a reference for evaluating the early damage of wood-boring pest.

Insects ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 1028
Zhenhua Liu ◽  
Wei Lin ◽  
Zhiqiang Li

Teredus Dejean is a genus of the poorly known family Teredidae, which, historically, includes only two species, restricted to Europe and North Africa. Teredus chinensis sp. nov. is here described, representing the first member of Teredidae found in China, which significantly extends the distribution of Teredus to East Asia. The diagnostic characters and information about the wood boring beetles associated with the new species are provided.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (11) ◽  
pp. e0259261
Elisha Mrabu Jenoh ◽  
Mohamed Traoré ◽  
Charles Kosore ◽  
Nico Koedam

Infestation by a moth woodborer species is causing mortality of Sonneratia alba Sm. mangrove by tunneling through the inner bark, cambium and conductive tissue. Infestation leads to death of some infested branches, whereas in other cases infested branches have been observed to recover from infestation. We have used Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to investigate the differences in macromolecule (polysaccharide and lignin) content present in branches that died (D) of the infestation, those that recovered (R) from the infestation and control branches (C) that were not subject to any infestation. Wood samples were taken from four sampling plots (A, B, C and D) in Gazi Bay (Kenya). From each of the four plots, 15 S. alba branches were taken from five trees, from which 1 cm thick discs were cut from each of these branches to be used as samples. To identify the most characteristic FTIR bands for the three groups of samples, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied on the transposed data matrix. Furthermore, canonical discriminant analysis was applied on the data considering the main FTIR band that would be identified through the PCA factors. Finally, One-way ANOVA and post hoc test were used to verify the significance of the observed trends. Branches that recovered from infestation had higher relative abundance of lignified cells. We conclude that insect-infested S. alba undergo changes related to the lignocellulosic contents. The infestation induces a decrease of the proportion of the polysaccharide content and an increase of the proportion of the lignin contents.

Redia ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 104 ◽  
pp. 167-170

Bark and wood-boring beetles feeding on coniferous and deciduous trees in different forest ecosystems are often associated with various species of fungi. In 2019, widespread attacks of Liparthrum colchicum Semenov (Coleoptera Curculionidae Scolytinae) were observed on Laurus nobilis L. in Tuscany (Italy). Samples of colonized terminal twigs were collected to investigate the presence of phytopathogenic fungi associated with the scolytid. Two different colonies of the Geosmithia genus were identified as Geosmithia pallida and Geosmithia langdonii. To our knowledge this is the first report of G.pallida and G. langdonii associated with L. colchicum on Bay tree, in Italy.

Forests ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (10) ◽  
pp. 1373
Liangjian Qu ◽  
Jifu Li ◽  
Ruizhen Wang ◽  
Xiaoyi Wang ◽  
Tonghai Zhao ◽  

The emerald ash borer (EAB, Agrilus planipennis), an ash-tree wood-boring beetle, has caused widespread mortality of ash. Asian ash, which coevolved with EAB, is considered more resistant than its North American and European congeners. Although some compounds and proteins related to resistance to EAB have been identified, the underlying ash resistance mechanism to EAB still needs further study. The Asian ash species, Fraxinus chinensis var. rhynchophylla, is highly resistant to EAB. In this study, metabolic and transcriptional profiling of the phloem of this species was investigated, and differentially expressed metabolites and genes were analyzed by comparing them with those of the susceptible F. pennsylvanica. Four hundred and twenty-eight metabolites were detected in both species, and several coumarins and lignans, which were exclusive to F. chinensis var. rhynchophylla, were identified. Compared with susceptible F. pennsylvanica, genes related to phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, ethylene (ET), and jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis and signaling in F. chinensis var. rhynchophylla were found to be up-regulated. It was hypothesized that coumarins, lignans, and ET and JA signaling might contribute to greater resistance to EAB in F. chinensis var. rhynchophylla. This study suggests candidate metabolites and genes for biomarker development in future ash-breeding programs.

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